Meanings of minor planet names: 12001–13000

As minor planet discoveries are confirmed, they are given a permanent number by the IAU's Minor Planet Center (MPC), and the discoverers can then submit names for them, following the IAU's naming conventions. The list below concerns those minor planets in the specified number-range that have received names, and explains the meanings of those names.

Official naming citations of newly named small Solar System bodies are approved and published in a bulletin by IAU's Working Group for Small Bodies Nomenclature (WGSBN).[1] Before May 2021, citations were published in MPC's Minor Planet Circulars for many decades.[2] Recent citations can also be found on the JPL Small-Body Database (SBDB).[3] Until his death in 2016, German astronomer Lutz D. Schmadel compiled these citations into the Dictionary of Minor Planet Names (DMP) and regularly updated the collection.[4][5] Based on Paul Herget's The Names of the Minor Planets,[6] Schmadel also researched the unclear origin of numerous asteroids, most of which had been named prior to World War II. Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain: SBDB New namings may only be added to this list below after official publication as the preannouncement of names is condemned.[7] The WGSBN publishes a comprehensive guideline for the naming rules of non-cometary small Solar-System bodies.[8]


Named minor planet Provisional This minor planet was named for... Ref · Catalog
12001 Gasbarini 1996 ED9 Ron Gasbarini (born 1960) is an amateur astronomer whose interest was inspired by the Apollo missions in the 1960s. He has served as president of the Royal Astronomical Society of Canada's Niagara Centre and won the service award of the society in 1995. JPL · 12001
12002 Suess 1996 FR1 Franz Eduard Suess (1867–1941), Austrian geologist who coined the term tektite. He was the son of geologist Eduard Suess (1831–1914) MPC · 12002
12003 Hideosugai 1996 FM5 Hideo Sugai (born 1930), a retired teacher, is a Japanese amateur astronomer. He has been observing variable stars since 1951, and his data have been reported to the Variable Star Observers League in Japan. JPL · 12003
12005 Delgiudice 1996 KA3 Maria del Giudice (born 1964), friend and now wife of one of the discovery team's observers and measurers, Frank Shelly JPL · 12005
12006 Hruschka 1996 OO František Hruschka (1819–1888) invented the centrifugal honey extractor and demonstrated it at an exposition in Brno (now in the Czech Republic) in 1865. He gained recognition for the development of modern beekeeping JPL · 12006
12007 Fermat 1996 TD7 Pierre de Fermat, (1601–1665), a lawyer in Toulouse, is considered the greatest amateur mathematician of all time. JPL · 12007
12008 Kandrup 1996 TY9 Henry Kandrup (1955–2003), an American astrophysicist and professor at the University of Florida, Gainesville. His eccentric and energetic lecturing style and love of nonlinear dynamics are now reflected in his celestial namesake, an unusual minor planet on a chaotic trajectory. The asteroid was named in his memory. JPL · 12008
12010 Kovářov 1996 UN Kovářov, first mentioned in 1220, is a south Bohemian village situated in a pleasant hilly landscape near Milevsko. It is known for its rich community life, including living folk customs as well as for its Gothic church and Brokoff's baroque statues. Its Czech name originates from blacksmith work. IAU · 12010
12012 Kitahiroshima 1996 VH8 Kitahiroshima, a city in Hokkaido in northeastern Japan. JPL · 12012
12013 Sibatahosimi 1996 VU8 Sibatamachi-hosiwomirukai, a Japanese amateur astronomer club in Sibata town, Miyagi prefecture, founded in 1986 JPL · 12013
12014 Bobhawkes 1996 VX15 Robert Lewis Hawkes (born 1951), Canadian physicist Src MPC · 12014
12016 Green 1996 XC George Green (1793–1841), a self-taught miller's son of Nottingham, was instrumental (along with Gauss) in making the theories of electricity and magnetism a part of mathematical physics. JPL · 12016
12022 Hilbert 1996 XH26 David Hilbert (1862–1943), professor at Göttingen and one of the greatest mathematicians of all time. JPL · 12022
12027 Masaakitanaka 1997 AB5 Japanese amateur astronomer Masaaki Tanaka (born 1952) uses a Schmidt camera and binoculars to observe comets. He was one of the observers who rediscovered comet 122P/de Vico on 17 September 1995 JPL · 12027
12028 Annekinney 1997 AK7 Astronomer Anne L. Kinney (born 1950) quantified the misalignment of the central black hole accretion disk and galaxy disk in Seyfert galaxies. She served as Director of NASA's Universe Division and Director of Goddard's Solar System Exploration Division. In 2015 she was named Chief Scientist for the Keck Observatory. JPL · 12028
12031 Kobaton 1997 BY4 Kobaton is a Eurasian collared dove (Shirakobato in Japanese), and is the official mascot character of Saitama Prefecture since 2005. JPL · 12031
12032 Ivory 1997 BP5 Sir James Ivory (1765–1842), Scottish mathematician. JPL · 12032
12033 Anselmo 1997 BD9 Anselmo Antonini (born 1946), an amateur astronomer in the Montelupo Group. JPL · 12033
12035 Ruggieri 1997 CP13 Guido Ruggieri (1913–1976), an Italian amateur astronomer known for his visual observations of Mars and Jupiter MPC · 12035
12040 Jacobi 1997 EK8 Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, (1804–1851), professor at Königsberg and Berlin. JPL · 12040
12042 Laques 1997 FC Pierre Laques (born 1934), a French astronomer and one of the co-discoverers of Helene (Saturn XII), a moon of Saturn, at the Pic du Midi Observatory JPL · 12042
12044 Fabbri 1997 FU Luciano Fabbri (born 1945), an amateur astronomer in the Montelupo Group. JPL · 12044
12045 Klein 1997 FH1 Felix Klein (1849–1925), a professor of mathematics at Erlangen and later at Göttingen. JPL · 12045
12047 Hideomitani 1997 GX3 In 1975, Hideo Mitani (born 1946) founded a library of nature photographs, including astronomical photographs. It became the most famous library of its kind in Japan and cultivated many other nature photographers. JPL · 12047
12050 Humecronyn 1997 HE14 Hume Blake Cronyn, Canadian businessman and politician MPC · 12050
12051 Pícha 1997 JO Jaroslav Pícha (1921–1998), Czech meteorologist and amateur astronomer MPC · 12051
12052 Aretaon 1997 JB16 Aretaon, a Trojan warrior who was killed by Teucer. JPL · 12052
12053 Turtlestar 1997 PK2 Turtle Star Observatory (obs. code 628) located in Mülheim-Ruhr, Germany. It was built in 1995, by Andreas Boeker, his wife Karolin, Axel Martin and M. Tator. MPC · 12053
12056 Yoshigeru 1997 YS11 Yoshida Shigeru (1952–1997), a Japanese physician. JPL · 12056
12057 Alfredsturm 1998 DK1 Alfred Sturm co-founder with Martin Geffert of the Starkenburg Observatory (Starkenburg-Sternwarte) in Heppenheim, Germany MPC · 12057
12059 du Châtelet 1998 ED14 Emilie du Châtelet (1706–1749), an acknowledged scientist among the leading thinkers of her time, translated Newton's Principia Mathematica into French in 1749, this still being considered the best existing translation. In 1745 she showed that the energy of a moving object is proportional to its mass and the square of its velocity JPL · 12059
12061 Alena 1998 FQ2 Alena Ruth Robbins, the mother of the discoverer. JPL · 12061
12062 Tilmanspohn 1998 FB10 Tilman Spohn (born 1950) was director of the Institute of Planetary Research at the German Aerospace Center (DLR) in Berlin. He pioneered in-situ measurements of thermal and mechanical properties of planetary surfaces and was Principal Investigator for the instrument MUPUS on the Rosetta lander Philae. JPL · 12062
12064 Guiraudon 1998 FZ15 Jean-Claude Guiraudon, who founded the French: Fédération Nationale des Clubs Scientifiques in 1961, which later evolved into the French: Association Nationale Sciences Techniques Jeunesse. He now works at the international level with MILSET, the French: Mouvement International pour le Loisir Scientifique Et Technique, which he helped create. JPL · 12064
12065 Jaworski 1998 FA33 Victor Jaworski (born 1984), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12065
12067 Jeter 1998 FH42 Crystal Lynn Jeter (born 1984), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12067
12068 Khandrika 1998 FZ53 Harish Gautam Khandrika (born 1987), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12068
12070 Kilkis 1998 FK63 Siir Sirinyasam Kilkis (born 1984), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12070
12071 Davykim 1998 FV63 Davy Kim (born 1985), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12071
12072 Anupamakotha 1998 FA65 Anupama Kotha (born 1985), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12072
12073 Larimer 1998 FD66 Curtis James Larimer (born 1986), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12073
12074 Carolinelau 1998 FZ68 Caroline Sue-Yuk Lau (born 1984), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12074
12075 Legg 1998 FX69 Tiffany Amelia Legg (born 1987), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12075
12079 Kaibab 1998 FZ73 The Kaibab Formation, a massive limestone layer of Permian age that forms the bedrock of much of Northern Arizona. JPL · 12079
12084 Unno 1998 FL125 Juza Unno (a.k.a. Sano Shoichi), Japanese mystery writer and pioneer of science fiction JPL · 12084
12086 Joshualevine 1998 HC22 Joshua Levine (born 1985), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12086
12087 Tiffanylin 1998 HB30 Tiffany Fangtse Lin (born 1984), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12087
12088 Macalintal 1998 HZ31 Jeric Valles Macalintal (born 1986), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12088
12089 Maichin 1998 HO35 Diana Marie Maichin (born 1983), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12089
12091 Jesmalmquist 1998 HS96 Jessica Lea Malmquist (born 1987), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12091
12093 Chrimatthews 1998 HF99 Christina Marie Matthews (born 1986), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12093
12094 Mazumder 1998 HX99 Mark Mohan Mazumder (born 1985), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12094
12095 Pinel 1998 HE102 Philippe Pinel (1745–1826), a French physician who made revolutionary contributions to the treatment of patients suffering from mental illness, became chief physician at the La Salpêtrière clinic in Paris. His Traité médico-philosophique sur l´Aliénation mentale (1801) has been translated into several languages JPL · 12095
12099 Meigooni 1998 HQ124 David Nima Meigooni (born 1986), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12099
12100 Amiens 1998 HR149 The French city of Amiens, the capital of Picardy. It is famous for its cathedral, the tallest of the Gothic churches in France. Notable for its beautiful sculptures on the principal façade, it has been named the "Parthenon of Gothic architecture". The city is also worth a visit for its complex of gardens along the Somme river. JPL · 12100


Named minor planet Provisional This minor planet was named for... Ref · Catalog
12101 Trujillo 1998 JX2 Chad Trujillo (born 1973), an American astronomer and discoverer of minor planets of the California Institute of Technology, specializes in the study of Kuiper belt objects. JPL · 12101
12102 Piazzolla (1998 JB4) Astor Piazzolla (1921–1992) was an Argentinean composer best known for his distinct nuevo tango. His fusion of the tango with Western musical elements, especially jazz, was successful in producing a new individual musical style. JPL · 12102
12104 Chesley 1998 KO6 Steven R. Chesley (born 1965), of the Solar System Dynamics Group at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, is an expert in determination of the orbits of minor planets and application to the study of earth-impact probability. JPL · 12104
12106 Menghuan 1998 KQ31 Meng Huan (born 1985), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12106
12111 Ulm 1998 LU Ulm, a city in Germany on the banks of the Danube river JPL · 12111
12112 Sprague 1998 MK4 Ann Sprague (born 1946) is a senior research associate with the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory of the University of Arizona. She is known for her work on the atmospheres of Mercury, the moon and Mars, as well as on the Messenger mission to Mercury JPL · 12112
12113 Hollows 1998 OH12 Fred Hollows (1929–1993), was a New Zealand-born ophthalmologist who saved the sight of thousands of aboriginal and poor people in third-world countries rather than make a comfortable living at home. His work outlives him, following his training of local doctors and establishing local interocular lens factories. JPL · 12113
12115 Robertgrimm 1998 SD2 Robert Grimm (born 1960) is a planetary geophysicist. His thermal models led to the first mathematical representations of fluid flow on meteorite parent bodies and to a greater understanding of the thermal and collisional evolution of minor planets, including the heliocentric zonation of the main belt JPL · 12115
12117 Meagmessina 1999 JT60 Meagan Elizabeth Messina (born 1985), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12117
12118 Mirotsin 1999 NC9 Yauhen Adolfovich Mirotsin (born 1985), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12118
12119 Memamis 1999 NG9 Megan Marie Miskowski (born 1984), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12119
12123 Pazin 1999 OS Pazin, a Croatian town in the Istrian Peninsula and the administrative center of Istria County. JPL · 12123
12124 Hvar 1999 RG3 Hvar, a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea, located off the Dalmatian coast. JPL · 12124
12125 Jamesjones 1999 RS4 James Jones (born 1939) studied at Sheffield University in Yorkshire and has been professor of physics at the University of Western Ontario since 1966. Jones pioneered the video observation of meteors and single-station radar radiant mapping. JPL · 12125
12127 Mamiya 1999 RD37 Rinzo Mamiya (1780–1844), an explorer and surveyor of the northern area of Japan. In 1809, he reached the north Sakhalin and showed that Karafuto (Sakhalin) is an island separated by a narrow channel, now called the Mamiya strait. JPL · 12127
12128 Palermiti 1999 RP43 Mike Palermiti (born 1949) provides expert consultation to the astronomical community about optics, telescope design and CCDs. He contributed to the early development of low-light-level imaging and has made significant observations of novae, minor planets, comets and occultations. He is a director of an observatory in Florida. JPL · 12128
12130 Mousa 1999 RD146 Ahmed Shaker Mousa (born 1984), 2002 Intel ISEF finalist. He attended the Avon Grove High School, Lincoln University, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. MPC · 12130
12131 Echternach 2085 P-L Eddy Echternach (born 1961), a Dutch science writer and assistant editor of the Dutch astronomical magazine Zenit, has been popularizing astronomy since the late 1980s. He is co-author of numerous books on astronomy and astronomical exercises for use in primary and high schools. The name was suggested by C. E. Koppeschaar. JPL · 12131
12132 Wimfröger 2103 P-L Willem Albertus Fröger (born 1962) is a Dutch amateur astronomer who lives in Argentina. He suggested names and prepared citations for more than 60 minor planets, one lunar crater and two craters on Mars. JPL · 12132
12133 Titulaer 2558 P-L Chriet Titulaer (1943–2017), Dutch science writer and astronomer, co-presenter, with Henk Terlingen, of the Dutch television coverage of the Apollo Moon landings JPL · 12133
12134 Hansfriedeman 2574 P-L Johannes Lambertus Maria ("Hans") Friedeman (1937–1996), was a Dutch journalist who enthusiastically reported on space travel, science and the environment. In 1977 he started his own weekly page, and in 1981 this led to the first complete section on science and society in a Dutch newspaper. JPL · 12134
12135 Terlingen 3021 P-L Henk Terlingen (1941–1994), a Dutch journalist who presented the Apollo moon missions on Dutch television. Since the 1960s, his broadcasts in collaboration with Chriet Titulaer promoted a great interest in astronomy and space science in the Netherlands. The name was suggested by C. E. Koppeschaar. JPL · 12135
12136 Martinryle 3045 P-L Martin Ryle (1918–1984) was a British astrophysicist who developed the aperture synthesis technique of interferometry and constructed large radio telescopes, using them to discover and catalogue numerous radio sources. JPL · 12136
12137 Williefowler 4004 P-L William Alfred Fowler (1911–1995) was a nuclear astrophysicist who measured in the laboratory at Caltech the nuclear reactions that occur at lower energies in stars. He also worked on theories of supernovae and early nucleosynthesis. JPL · 12137
12138 Olinwilson 4053 P-L Olin C. Wilson (1909–1994) was an American spectroscopist who worked on solar and stellar activity cycles. With M. K. V. Bappu he found a method of determining a star's luminosity from the widths of two spectral lines with (see Wilson-Bappu effect) JPL · 12138
12139 Tomcowling 4055 P-L Thomas G. Cowling (1906–1990), British astrophysicist, was the first to compute a stellar model with a convective core and a radiative envelope. He also developed much of the theory of magnetic fields in stars and magnetospheres. JPL · 12139
12140 Johnbolton 4087 P-L John G. Bolton (1922–1993) was a pioneer radio astronomer in Australia who used interferometry with direct and sea-reflected signals to identify the first radio sources with optical objects. He directed two major radio observatories. JPL · 12140
12141 Chushayashi 4112 P-L Chushiro Hayashi (1920–2010) was a Japanese astrophysicist who made pioneering models of star formation and significant discoveries related to the formation of elements in the early universe. JPL · 12141
12142 Franklow 4624 P-L Frank J. Low (1933–2009), American physicist and astronomer, invented the gallium-doped germanium bolometer and became a leader in infrared astronomy. He pioneered open-port airborne astronomy and helped develop infrared spaceborne astronomy. JPL · 12142
12143 Harwit 4631 P-L Martin Harwit (born 1931), Czech-American astrophysicist and infrared astronomer, director (1987–1995) of the Smithsonian Institution's National Air and Space Museum JPL · 12143
12144 Einhart 4661 P-L Einhart (also Eginhard or Einhard, ca. 770) was a Frankish scholar and historian. He was the chancellor of Charles the Great and of his son Ludwig the Pious. Einhard wrote Vita Karoli Magni, the biography of Charles the Great, one of the most precious books of the early Middle Ages JPL · 12144
12145 Behaim 4730 P-L Martin Behaim (1459–1507) was a German merchant, astronomer and cosmographer from Nürnberg. He traveled through Europe and became a Portuguese knight. He developed the earliest terrestrial globe, Erdapfel, or `Earth Apple', with a diameter of about 50 cm JPL · 12145
12146 Ostriker 6035 P-L Jeremiah P. Ostriker (born 1937) is an American astrophysicist who has contributed to many fields of theoretical astrophysics and cosmology, including the distribution of baryonic and dark matter and values of cosmological parameters. JPL · 12146
12147 Bramante 6082 P-L Donato Bramante (1444–1514) was an Italian architect of the high Renaissance, working mainly in Milan and Rome. In Rome he designed his greatest work, St. Peter's Basilica JPL · 12147
12148 Caravaggio 6636 P-L Caravaggio (1571–1610) was an Italian artist of the Renaissance. He was almost forgotten after his death, but in the twentieth century his importance was rediscovered because of his great influence on the Baroque style during the Counter Reformation JPL · 12148
12149 Begas 9099 P-L Begas is the name of a German family of nineteenth-century artists, of whom the best known was Romantik-style painter Carl Joseph Begas (1794–1854). Of his four sons, Reinhold (1831–1911) and Carl Begas Jr. (1845–1916), were sculptors, and Oskar (1828–1883) and Adalbert (1836–1888) Begas were painters JPL · 12149
12150 De Ruyter 1051 T-1 Michiel de Ruyter (1607–1676), in Dutch history a famous admiral, played a decisive role in the Anglo-Dutch Wars of the seventeenth century. De Ruyter was of humble origin but much loved by his sailors and soldiers. The name was suggested by C. E. Koppeschaar. JPL · 12150
12151 Oranje-Nassau 1220 T-1 William the Silent, Prince of Orange (1533–1584), led the Netherlands provinces in their war of liberation against Spain during 1568–1648. "The Father of the Fatherland" was assassinated and is entombed in the Nieuwe Kerk in Delft. The Dutch national anthem, the Wilhelmus, was written in his honor JPL · 12151
12152 Aratus 1287 T-1 Aratus of Soli (c. 315 BC/310 BC – 240 BC)) a Hellenistic poet and author of the Phaenomena, an influential didactic poem composed around 275 B.C. that describes the celestial sphere, the constellations and weather prognostications based on their rising and setting JPL · 12152
12153 Conon 3219 T-1 Conon of Samos (c. 280-c. 220 B.C.) was a Hellenistic astronomer and mathematician who worked in Alexandria. In 246 B.C. he created the constellation of Coma Berenices, commemorating the sacrifice of Queen Berenice's tresses of hair after her husband's return from the Third Syrian War JPL · 12153
12154 Callimachus 3329 T-1 Callimachus (c. 305–240 B.C.) was a Hellenistic scholar and poet who worked in Alexandria, where he compiled a catalogue of the famous library. He wrote the poem Aetia commemorating the creation of the eponymous constellation Coma Berenices by Conon of Samos in 246 B.C JPL · 12154
12155 Hyginus 4193 T-1 Gaius Julius Hyginus (c. 64 B.C. – A.D. 17), Roman historian, philologer and mythographer, presided over the Palatine Library in Rome. His De Astronomia (or Poeticon Astronomicon) gives a comprehensive overview of the myths associated with the constellations. The name was suggested by R. H. van Gent JPL · 12155
12156 Ubels 1042 T-2 Egbert Ubels (1969–2008), Dutch fireman who perished on 9 May 2008 while fighting a shipyard fire in De Punt (Drenthe, Netherlands), along with colleagues Raymond Patrick Soyer and Anne Kregel JPL · 12156
12157 Können 1070 T-2 Günther Peter Können (born 1944), a researcher at the Koninklijk Nederlands Meteorologisch Instituut, specialized in atmospheric optics. He is famous for his book Polarized light in Nature, which describes phenomena such as halos and rainbows. The name was suggested by M. Drummen JPL · 12157
12158 Tape 1101 T-2 Walter Tape (born 1941) is an Alaskan mathematician. With his book Atmospheric halos he made an outstanding contribution to the popularization of these beautiful phenomena. The name was suggested by G. P. Können and M. Drummen JPL · 12158
12159 Bettybiegel 1142 T-2 Rebekka A. "Betty" Biegel (1886–1943) studied astronomy in Leiden, obtained her doctorate in Zürich, pursued psychology in Utrecht and developed psychological instruments for testing people. She committed suicide by cyanide rather than allow herself to be transported to Auschwitz. The name was suggested by W. R. Dick JPL · 12159
12160 Karelwakker 1152 T-2 Karel F. Wakker (born 1944), professor of astrodynamics at Delft Technical University, has made important contributions to Dutch, ESA and NASA space projects, as well as inspiring numerous students. JPL · 12160
12161 Avienius 1158 T-2 Avienius, who lived in the second half of the 4th century, was a Latin poet from Etruria. He composed didactic poems on astronomy and geography. His Aratea was based on earlier Latin translations of Aratus' Phaenomena. The name was suggested by R. H. van Gent JPL · 12161
12162 Bilderdijk 2145 T-2 Willem Bilderdijk (1756–1831) was a Dutch poet and scholar who composed two didactic astronomical poems, Starrenkennis (1794) and De Starrenhemel (1807). These described the celestial sphere, the Milky Way and the constellations. The name was suggested by R. H. van Gent JPL · 12162
12163 Manilius 3013 T-2 Marcus Manilius (1st century AD), was a Roman poet and astrologer who wrote the comprehensive astronomical-astrological poem Astronomica. The five-volume work was dedicated to Tiberius and contains a mythological description of the constellations and the Milky Way. The name was suggested by R. H. van Gent. JPL · 12163
12164 Lowellgreen 3067 T-2 Lowell Clark Green (born 1925), a Lutheran pastor/theologian for more than half a century and Renaissance/Reformation scholar, now resident in Buffalo, New York, has given constant support and encouragement to the life and astronomical career of his son, D. W. E. Green, who found the identifications for this object. JPL · 12164
12165 Ringleb 3289 T-2 Peter Ringleb (born 1965), German neurologist, member of the team who cared for co– discoverer Ingrid van Houten-Groeneveld JPL · 12165
12166 Oliverherrmann 3372 T-2 Oliver Herrmann (born 1973), German neurologist, member of the team who cared for co– discoverer Ingrid van Houten-Groeneveld JPL · 12166
12167 Olivermüller 4306 T-2 Oliver Müller (born 1971), German cardiologist, member of the team who cared for co– discoverer Ingrid van Houten-Groeneveld JPL · 12167
12168 Polko 5141 T-2 Norbert Polko (born 1944) has scanned more than 200,000 glass plates, a world record, from the largest European astronomical plate archive, at the Sonneberg Observatory. The name was suggested by R. Hudec. JPL · 12168
12169 Munsterman 2031 T-3 Henk Munsterman (born 1946), a Dutch amateur astrophotographer, known for his photographs of planets, minor planets, comets, nebulae, starclusters and galaxies. The name was suggested by Mat Drummen, see (9705). JPL · 12169
12170 Vanvollenhoven 2372 T-3 Pieter van Vollenhoven (born 1939), Dutch professor of risk management at the Technical University of Twente and Dutch ambassador of the International Year of Astronomy JPL · 12170
12171 Johannink 2382 T-3 Carl F. Johannink (born 1959) is a Dutch high-school teacher and amateur astronomer. His main interests lie in meteor astronomy. He is a very prolific meteor observer, active within the Dutch Meteor Society. The name was suggested by K. Miskotte JPL · 12171
12172 Niekdekort 2390 T-3 Niek De Kort (born 1956) has done outstanding work popularizing astronomy. He authored several books, including one about space research and the course book Modern Astronomy (1980) for a TV course with an enrollment of 25~000 people. The name was suggested by H. van Woerden and A. v. d. Brugge JPL · 12172
12173 Lansbergen 3135 T-3 Philippus Lansbergen (1561–1632), Calvinist minister and active astronomical researcher in Middelburg, The Netherlands, in 1629 wrote the first popular book on astronomy in the Dutch language. The book promoted the Copernican system and became a best seller. JPL · 12173
12174 van het Reve 3164 T-3 Karel van het Reve (1921–1999), professor of Slavic languages at Leiden University and a prolific writer, was considered to be one of the finest Dutch essayists with wide-ranging interests. The name was suggested by F. Israel JPL · 12174
12175 Wimhermans 3197 T-3 Willem Frederik Hermans (1921–1995), a Dutch author considered one of the most important writers in the Netherlands in the postwar period. His oeuvre includes novels, short stories, plays, along with poetry and essays, as well as philosophical and scientific works. The name was suggested by F. Israel JPL · 12175
12176 Hidayat 3468 T-3 Bambang Hidayat (born 1934) is an active promoter of astronomy in Indonesia. Known for his work on visual binaries and H-emission-line stars, he was director of Bosscha Observatory in Lembang during 1968–1999 and vice-president of the IAU during 1994–2000 JPL · 12176
12177 Raharto 4074 T-3 Moedji Raharto (born 1954) is an Indonesian astronomer and senior lecturer at the Institut Teknologi Bandung. He was director of Bosscha Observatory in Lembang during 2000–2003 and is an authority on Galactic structure, based on the Hipparcos and IRAS-Point Source catalogues. JPL · 12177
12178 Dhani 4304 T-3 Herdiwijaya Dhani (born 1963), an Indonesian astronomer and solar physicist. He was director of Bosscha Observatory in Lembang during 2004–2005. He is known for his work on binaries, solar magnetic activity and its influence on weather and climate. JPL · 12178
12179 Taufiq 5030 T-3 Taufiq Hidayat (born 1965), an Indonesian astronomer and associate professor at the Institut Teknologi Bandung. He was director of Bosscha Observatory in Lembang during 2006–2009. Known for work on the solar system and extrasolar transits, he actively fights the adverse effects of urbanisation around the observatory JPL · 12179
12180 Kistemaker 5167 T-3 Jacob Kistemaker (1917–2010), Teylers professor at Leiden University, was a pioneer in isotope separation, uranium enrichment, atomic and molecular collisions, and vacuum science and technology. Name suggested by H. Habing and F. Saris. JPL · 12180
12182 Storm 1973 UQ5 Theodor Storm (1817–1888), a German writer and local judge in his northern German hometown Husum. He wrote impressive poems and more than 50 novels. As a representative of "poetic realism", he described the landscapes and the people of his north Frisian coastal district. JPL · 12182
12183 Caltonen 1975 SU1 Craig Steven Altonen (born 1965) is the Chief Engineer for the Lucy mission. IAU · 12183
12184 Trevormerkley 1975 SB2 Trevor Franklin Merkley (born 1983) is the "Spacecraft Fault Protection Lead" of the Lucy mission. He also developed the software for Lucy's photovoltaic array deployment. IAU · 12184
12185 Gasprinskij 1976 SL5 Ismail Gasprinskij (1851–1914) was a Crimean-Tatar teacher, enlightener, writer, publisher and public figure. JPL · 12185
12186 Mitukurigen 1977 ER5 Mitukuri Genpo (1799–1863), a physician of Western medicine in the late Edo period. JPL · 12186
12187 Lenagoryunova 1977 RL7 Elena (Lena) Viktorovna Goryunova (born 1961), hydrologist at Sebastopol Institute of Hydrography. JPL · 12187
12188 Kalaallitnunaat 1978 PE Greenland (Greenlandic: Kalaallit Nunaat) is an autonomous country within the Kingdom of Denmark. Located on the largest island in the world, it has been inhabited during many millennia by indigenous arctic peoples with strong and unique cultural traditions, later joined by people from the Nordic countries. JPL · 12188
12189 Dovgyj 1978 RQ1 Stanislav Alekseevich Dovgyj (born 1954), a corresponding member of the Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, is a scientist in the field of mechanics. JPL · 12189
12190 Sarkisov 1978 SE5 Pavel Djibraelovich Sarkisov (born 1932), rector of the D. I. Mendeleev Moscow Chemical-Technological University. JPL · 12190
12191 Vorontsova 1978 TT8 Margarita Alekseevna Vorontsova (born 1923), a pediatrician at the Simferopol children's hospital MPC · 12191
12192 Gregbollendonk 1978 VD5 Gregory R. Bollendonk (born 1960) is the "Spacecraft Systems Engineer" of the Lucy mission and accompanied Lucy's development from concept study to its launch. IAU · 12192
12195 Johndavidniemann 1979 MM4 John David Niemann (born 1984) is the Mission Assurance Manager of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12195
12196 Weems 1979 MM8 Weyman Weems (born 1965) is the "Solar Array Principal Engineer" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12196
12197 Jan-Otto 1980 FR2 Jan-Otto Carlsson (born 1943) is professor of inorganic chemistry at Uppsala University and has for nine years been the dean of the Faculty of Sciences and Technology. JPL · 12197
12199 Sohlman 1980 TK6 Michael Sohlman (born 1944) is a well-known Swedish specialist in economics and finance, executive director of the Nobel Fund, a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences. JPL · 12199
12200 Richlipe 1981 EM7 Richard Loyde Lipe Jr. (born 1964) is the Program Manager and Engineering Manager of the Lucy mission at Lockheed Martin Space. IAU · 12200


Named minor planet Provisional This minor planet was named for... Ref · Catalog
12201 Spink 1981 ED12 James W. Spink (born 1963) is the Program Manager for the Northrop Grumman's photovoltaic system. The UltraFlex solar array is an accordion fanfold blanket made of triangular-shaped lightweight panels that form a shallow umbrella-shaped membrane structure when tensioned (Src). IAU · 12201
12202 Toddgregory 1981 EM13 Todd Gregory (born 1968) is the Technical Director for the photovoltaic array of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12202
12203 Gehling 1981 EO19 Russell Neel Gehling (born 1959) was the "Solar Array Principal Engineer of the Lucy mission, until his retirement. IAU · 12203
12204 Jonpineau 1981 EK26 Jon Paul Pineau (born 1978) is the "Aerospace Engineer" and "Lead Science Operations Center (SOC) Systems Engineer" for the Lucy mission. IAU · 12204
12205 Basharp 1981 EZ26 Bret Alan Sharp (born 1964) contributed to NASA's is the "Spacecraft Engineering Manager", "Thermal Manager", and the "Propulsion Manager" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12205
12206 Prats 1981 EG27 Rebecca Maria Prats (born 1989) is the Configuration Manager of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12206
12207 Matthewbeasley 1981 EU28 Matthew Beasley (born 1973) is the "Deputy Payload Systems Engineer" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12207
12208 Jacobenglander 1981 EF35 Jacob Aldo Englander (born 1984) is the "Trajectory Optimization Lead" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12208
12210 Prykull 1981 EA42 Cory J. Prykull (born 1992) is the "Assembly, Test, and Launch Operations Mechanical Operations Lead" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12210
12211 Arnoschmidt 1981 KJ Arno Schmidt, German novelist. JPL · 12211
12214 Miroshnikov 1981 RF2 Mikhail Mikhailovich Miroshnikov (born 1926), director of the Vavilov State Optical Institute from 1966 to 1989. JPL · 12214
12215 Jessicalounsbury 1981 US22 Jessica Lounsbury (née Thompson, born 1979) is the "NASA Project Systems Engineer" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12215
12218 Fleischer 1982 RK Randall Craig Fleischer (born 1959), the ebullient and multi-talented music director and conductor of the Flagstaff Symphony Orchestra. JPL · 12218
12219 Grigorʹev 1982 SC8 Mikhail Grigorʹevich Grigorʹev, Russian chief (1957–1962) of the space-vehicle launch site now known as the Plesetsk Cosmodrome (see also 11824) JPL · 12219
12220 Semenchur 1982 UD6 Semen Ivanovich Churyumov, Ukrainian doctor of philosophy and socionics, senior lecturer in the mathematics department at the Kiev National Aviation University JPL · 12220
12221 Ogatakoan 1982 VS2 Ogata Koan (1810–1863), a medical doctor with knowledge of European medicine in the late Edo period. JPL · 12221
12222 Perotto 1982 WA Pier Giorgio Perotto, Italian electronics engineer JPL · 12222
12223 Hoskin 1983 TX Michael A. Hoskin (born 1930) founded the Journal for the History of Astronomy in 1970 and has since served as its editor. He established the archives at Churchill College, Cambridge, is a leading expert on William Herschel and has done pioneering archeoastronomical work around the western Mediterranean basin. JPL · 12223
12224 Jimcornell 1984 UN2 James Cornell, American astronomer JPL · 12224
12225 Yanfernández 1985 PQ Yanga Rolando Fernández, Canadian astronomer MPC · 12225
12226 Caseylisse 1985 TN Carey M. ("Casey") Lisse (born 1961) is an expert on cometary dust and has made significant contributions to understanding the size distribution of the dust using infrared observations. The name was suggested by M. F. A'Hearn. JPL · 12226
12227 Penney 1985 TO3 Big John Penney is representative of the team of workers who find a deep and abiding love for the challenges and rigors of wintering at South Pole Station. JPL · 12227
12229 Paulsson 1985 UK3 Rolf Paulsson (born 1943), a lecturer at Uppsala University, has been an outstanding teacher of theoretical physics for generations of students JPL · 12229
12234 Shkuratov 1986 RP2 Yurij G. Shkuratov (born 1952) is director of the Institute of Astronomy of Kharkiv National University. He is a well known expert in the theory of light scattering and in optical measurements of laboratory analogues of asteroid regolith and cometary particles. The citation was written by D. F. Lupishko. JPL · 12234
12235 Imranakperov 1986 RB12 Akperov Imran Guru Ogly (born 1958), professor of economics and president of the inter-regional association of non-state education institutes in southern Russia, is also founder and rector of an institute in Rostov-on-Don. The name was suggested by S. S. Svetashev and R. Y. Gurnikovskaya. JPL · 12235
12237 Coughlin 1987 HE Thomas B. Coughlin, of the Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) mission team and programs manager of the Applied Physics Laboratory of Johns Hopkins University. JPL · 12237
12238 Actor 1987 YU1 Actor, the alleged father of Cteatos and Eurytos, two Greek warriors who beat Nestor in the chariot race. JPL · 12238
12239 Carolinakou 1988 CN4 Carolina Carreira Nakou (born 2001), the daughter of Sandra Carreira and Thodoris Nakos. The latter works on galactic lenses at the Royal Observatory at Uccle. JPL · 12239
12240 Droste-Hülshoff 1988 PG2 Annette von Droste-Hülshoff, German author and poet. JPL · 12240
12241 Lefort 1988 PQ2 Gertrud Freiin von le Fort (1876–1971), German poet. JPL · 12241
12242 Koon 1988 QY Koon, a notable fighter, the eldest son of Antenor. JPL · 12242
12244 Werfel 1988 RY2 Franz Werfel, Czech poet. JPL · 12244
12246 Pliska 1988 RJ8 Pliska was the first capital of the Bulgarian state, founded in 681. The conversion into Christianity under Knayz Boris I took place in Pliska in 855. There he welcomed the disciples of the brothers Saint Cyril and Saint Methodius, creators of the Slavic alphabet. It is also the birthplace of the discoverer JPL · 12246
12247 Michaelsekerak 1988 RO11 Michael James Sekerak (born 1977) is the "NASA Deputy Project Systems Engineer" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12247
12248 Russellcarpenter 1988 RX12 James Russell Carpenter (born 1966) is the "Goddard Space Flight Center Technical Deputy Manager for Space Science Mission Operations" for the OSIRIS-REx and the Lucy mission. IAU · 12248
12252 Gwangju 1988 VT1 Gwangju, Korea, became the seventh friendship city of Sendai, Japan on 20 April 2002. Gwangju and Sendai are famous for their cultural, artistic and academic facilities, and each will host World Cup soccer games this year. JPL · 12252
12257 Lassine 1989 GL4 George Lassine (1953–2003), a member of the Belgian astronomical club Astronomie Centre Ardenne-Neufchâteau. JPL · 12257
12258 Oscarwilde 1989 GN4 Oscar Wilde, Irish playwright, poet, and writer. JPL · 12258
12259 Szukalski 1989 SZ1 Albert Szukalski (1945–2000), Polish-born Belgian sculptor who worked in Antwerp and sometimes used very eccentric means for establishing his work. One of his foremost pieces of art concerns "La Cena", a monument of 13 statues that has been erected in the Nevada desert. JPL · 12259
12261 Ledouanier 1989 TY4 Henri Rousseau, French post-impressionist painter, nicknamed "Le Douanier" ("The Customs Officer"). JPL · 12261
12262 Nishio 1989 UL Tomoaki Nishio (born 1963), an editor of Gekkan Tenmon Guide, the Japanese monthly astronomical magazine. JPL · 12262
12267 Denneau 1990 KN1 Larry Denneau (born 1968), American software engineer for the Moving Object Processing System of Pan-STARRS JPL · 12267
12270 Bozar 1990 QR9 The name "Bozar" for the Palais des Beaux-Arts in Brussels was inspired by the language of Brussels residents. JPL · 12270
12272 Geddylee 1990 SZ3 Geddy Lee (Gary Lee Weinrib), Canadian bassist, vocalist and keyboardist for the band Rush JPL · 12272
12275 Marcelgoffin 1990 VS5 Marcel Goffin (1913–1999), an accomplished amateur violin maker. JPL · 12275
12276 IJzer 1990 WW1 IJzer, a river in Flanders. JPL · 12276
12277 Tajimasatonokai 1990 WN2 Tajimasatonokai is an astronomy group which has long been engaged in popularizing astronomy by holding public viewing events and lectures around Toyooka city, Hyogo prefecture. JPL · 12277
12278 Kisohinoki 1990 WQ2 Japanese cypresses (hinoki), especially the Kiso cypresses (Kiso hinoki, in Japanese), were used as building materials for castles during the Edo era. They were protected like human beings. The Kiso cypresses form a natural forest 400 years old. JPL · 12278
12279 Laon 1990 WP4 Laon, the capital of the Aisne department in northern France. JPL · 12279
12280 Reims 1990 WS4 Reims, a city in the French department of Marne, the old capital (Durocortorum, later Remi) of the Roman province Belgica. JPL · 12280
12281 Chaumont 1990 WA5 Chaumont, Haute-Marne, France JPL · 12281
12282 Crombecq 1991 BV1 Michelle Crombecq (born 1946), a secretary at the port of Antwerp. JPL · 12282
12284 Pohl 1991 FP Frederik Pohl, American author Archived 2008-07-20 at the Wayback Machine MPC · 12284
12286 Poiseuille 1991 GY4 Jean Louis Marie Poiseuille (1797–1869) was a French physicist and physiologist who, through his work on the pressure of blood, became interested in the resistance of the flow of viscous fluids in small tubes. This led to the formulation of the Hagen-Poiseuille Law. The unit of viscosity is named the poise JPL · 12286
12287 Langres 1991 GH5 Langres, a French city in the south of the Haute-Marne department. JPL · 12287
12288 Verdun 1991 GC6 Verdun, France. JPL · 12288
12289 Carnot 1991 GP7 Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, (1796–1832) a French physicist. JPL · 12289
12291 Gohnaumann 1991 LJ2 Gottfried O. H. Naumann (born 1935) is the director of the Universitäts-Augenklinik in Erlangen-Nürnberg and president of the International Council of Ophthalmology. He is considered one of the foremost ophthalmologists in the world and has received many honors. JPL · 12291
12292 Dalton 1991 LK2 John Dalton, British physicist and chemist. JPL · 12292
12294 Avogadro 1991 PQ2 Amedeo Avogadro, Italian scientist. JPL · 12294
12295 Tasso 1991 PE3 Torquato Tasso, an Italian writer and poet. JPL · 12295
12298 Brecht 1991 PL17 Bertolt Brecht, German dramatist, stage director, and poet. JPL · 12298


Named minor planet Provisional This minor planet was named for... Ref · Catalog
12301 Eötvös 1991 RR12 Loránd Eötvös, Hungarian physicist. JPL · 12301
12306 Pebronstein 1991 TM14 Peter Bronstein (born 1947), father in-law of the discoverer. JPL · 12306
12309 Tommygrav 1992 DD3 Tommy Grav, Norwegian astronomer JPL · 12309
12310 Londontario 1992 DE4 London, Ontario, the Canadian city. JPL · 12310
12311 Ingemyr 1992 EO6 Mikael Ingemyr (born 1991), a student at the high school for space studies in Kiruna, was one of the winners of "The Universe—yours to discover with the Nordic Optical Telescope" JPL · 12311
12312 Väte 1992 EM8 Väte is a small parish on Gotland with a church from the thirteenth century. Here can also be found an old farm, Norrbys, reflecting agricultural life 70 years ago JPL · 12312
12317 Madicampbell 1992 HH1 Margaret Diane Campbell (born 1976), a Ph.D. student at the University of Western Ontario, became interested in astronomy as a young girl. JPL · 12317
12318 Kästner 1992 HD7 Erich Kästner, German author and journalist. JPL · 12318
12320 Loschmidt 1992 PH1 Josef Loschmidt (1821–1895), Czech physicist. JPL · 12320
12321 Zurakowski 1992 PZ1 Paul R. Zurakowski (born 1927), volunteer director of the Chabot Observatory Telescope Makers' Workshop for more than 30 years. JPL · 12321
12323 Haeckel 1992 RX Ernst Haeckel (1834–1919), German naturalist. JPL · 12323
12324 Van Rompaey 1992 RS3 Pierre Van Rompaey (born 1921) is a Belgian architect and an artist of surreal figurative paintings. His popular work is displayed in private collections at Antwerp. JPL · 12324
12325 Bogota 1992 RH7 Bogotá, the capital of Colombia JPL · 12325
12326 Shirasaki 1992 SF Shuichi Shirasaki (born 1958), an anesthesiologist in Sapporo city, was the finalist in the selection of a Japanese astronaut candidate by the National Space Development Agency of Japan in 1999. JPL · 12326
12327 Terbrüggen 1992 SX1 Dietrich Terbrüggen (born 1941), a well-known German surgeon. JPL · 12327
12329 Liebermann 1992 SR23 Max Liebermann (1847–1935), a German painter. JPL · 12329
12335 Tatsukushi 1992 WJ3 Tatsukushi is a beach on the western side of Ashizuri peninsular in Kochi prefecture known for the unusual sight of rock pillars of various sizes sculpted by waves. An undersea viewing tower is built there to see many kinds of rare fishes. JPL · 12335
12339 Carloo 1992 YW1 Carloo, a small hamlet south of the Royal Observatory at Uccle. JPL · 12339
12340 Stalle 1992 YJ2 Stalle, a hamlet in the eastern part of the municipality of Uccle. JPL · 12340
12341 Calevoet 1993 BN4 Calevoet is a hamlet in the southwestern part of the municipality of Uccle. The name means "grassless ford". However, the name also means "bare foot", which gave birth to the legend that Charlemagne crossed the small river at Calevoet barefooted. JPL · 12341
12342 Kudohmichiko 1993 BL12 Michiko Kudoh (born 1942) has been associated with the Gotoh Planetarium and Astronomical Museum in Tokyo. She reaches out to other astronomers through her web site. JPL · 12342
12343 Martinbeech 1993 DT1 Martin Beech (born 1959) is an assistant professor of astronomy at the University of Regina, Saskatchewan. He does research on meteor light curves, the dynamics of meteoroid streams, cometary aging and meteoroid-stream formation. JPL · 12343
12350 Feuchtwanger 1993 HA6 Lion Feuchtwanger, a German author. JPL · 12350
12352 Jepejacobsen 1993 OX6 Jens Peter Jacobsen, a Danish writer and poet. JPL · 12352
12353 Màrquez 1993 OR9 Gabriel Garc{í}a Màrquez (1927–2014), a Colombian novelist. JPL · 12353
12354 Hemmerechts 1993 QD3 Kristien Hemmerechts, a Flemish author. JPL · 12354
12355 Coelho 1993 QU3 Paulo Coelho (born 1947), a Brazilian lyricist and novelist. JPL · 12355
12356 Carlscheele 1993 RM14 Carl Wilhelm Scheele, a Swedish apothecary. JPL · 12356
12357 Toyako 1993 ST1 Lake Tōya ("Toyako" in Japanese), part of Shikotsu-Tōya National Park in Hokkaido JPL · 12357
12358 Azzurra 1993 SO2 Azzurra (born 2010 Jan. 4) is the grandchild of the discoverer. Her name is a hope for clearer skies JPL · 12358
12359 Cajigal 1993 SN3 With his founding in 1831 of the Military Academy of Mathematics, Juan Manuel Cajigal y Odoardo (1803–1856) initiated the study of mathematics and engineering in Venezuela. His installation of the first astronomical telescopes in Caracas was recognized with the establishment of El Observatorio Cajigal there in 1888. JPL · 12359
12360 Unilandes 1993 SQ3 The Universidad de Los Andes, founded in Mérida in 1785, is one of the most important educational institutions in Venezuela. JPL · 12360
12362 Mumuryk 1993 TS1 Mumuryk Keiko Yuharo (born 1959) is a painter and illustrator. Having started painting as a 4-year-old, she works in oil, water, engraving and relief. Her illustrations were used for posters by the Japanese International Space Station and the STS-123 Mission. JPL · 12362
12363 Marinmarais 1993 TA24 Marin Marais (1656–1728), the central figure in the French school of bass-viol composers and performers that flourished during the late 17th and early 18th centuries. JPL · 12363
12364 Asadagouryu 1993 XQ1 Asada Gouryu (1734–1799), an astronomer in the Japanese Edo period, studied positional astronomy. He also founded "Senjikan", a private school in astronomy, in Osaka, and educated many outstanding astronomers, including Takashi Yoshitoki and Hazama Shigetomi. JPL · 12364
12365 Yoshitoki 1993 YD Takahashi Yoshitoki (1764–1804) was chief of the Edo National Astronomical Observatory at Edo, Japan, from 1795 to 1804. He mainly studied positional astronomy, devising a new calendar computation method, "Kansei reki", with Hazama Shigetomi. JPL · 12365
12366 Luisapla 1994 CD8 Luisa Pla, Spanish-Venezuelan teacher of French, born in Villarrobledo co-founder (with her husband, Manuel Sanchez Jordan) of the Lope de Vega high school in Valencia, founder of Spanish history studies at La Universidad de Carabobo JPL · 12366
12367 Ourinhos 1994 CN8 Ourinhos, São Paulo, Brazil JPL · 12367
12368 Mutsaers 1994 CM11 Charlotte Mutsaers, Dutch writer MPC · 12368
12369 Pirandello 1994 CJ16 Luigi Pirandello (1867–1936), a Sicilian writer. JPL · 12369
12370 Kageyasu 1994 GB9 Takahashi Kageyasu (1785–1829) was the chief astronomer of the shogunal government of Japan. He was among the first to compile and publish maps of the world and East Asia based on the latest knowledge then available in scientific geography. He also established the book office of Western culture in 1811. JPL · 12370
12372 Kagesuke 1994 JF Shibukawa Kagesuke (1787–1856), chief of the Edo National Astronomical Observatory in Edo, Japan, from 1809 to 1856. JPL MPC · 12372
12373 Lancearmstrong 1994 JE9 Lance Armstrong (born 1971), an American cyclist and cancer survivor. JPL · 12373
12374 Rakhat 1994 JG9 Rakhat, a planet with the first known extraterrestrial life in the novel The Sparrow, by Mary Doria Russell. First contact is established when a group of specialists organized by Jesuits is sent to the planet. JPL · 12374
12376 Cochabamba 1994 NW1 Cochabamba, a city in Bolivia. JPL · 12376
12378 Johnston 1994 PK1 David Macarthur Johnston (1928–2022), an Australian farmer from Baradine, who was a birdwatcher in the Pilliga forest and an organizer of bird surveys. IAU · 12378
12379 Thulin 1994 PQ11 Ingrid Thulin (1929–2004), a Swedish screen actor. JPL · 12379
12380 Sciascia 1994 PB14 Leonardo Sciascia (1921–1989), a Sicilian novelist and polemicist. JPL · 12380
12381 Hugoclaus 1994 PH30 Hugo Claus, Flemish writer. JPL · 12381
12382 Niagara Falls 1994 SO5 Niagara Falls MPC · 12382
12383 Eboshi 1994 TF1 Eboshi-iwa (also known as Uba Shima), a large hat-shaped rock visible from the coast, symbol of Southern Beach of Chigasaki, Kanagawa prefecture JPL · 12383
12384 Luigimartella 1994 TC2 Luigi Martella (born 1956), a well-known Italian amateur astronomer. JPL · 12384
12386 Nikolova 1994 UK5 Simona Rumenova Nikolova (born 1971), a graduate student at the University of Western Ontario, calculated comet data at the Royal Astronomical Observatory in Sofia and studied at the University of Regina, Saskatchewan. JPL · 12386
12387 Tomokofujiwara 1994 UT11 Tomoko Fujiwara (born 1975) is an assistant professor at the Kyushu University. Her main interest consists of the long-term variability of stars and historical records of astronomy. She has been a member of IAU Commission 27 since 2006. The name was suggested by M. Hirai and K. Hurukawa. JPL · 12387
12388 Kikunokai 1994 VT6 The traditional dance troupe "Kikunokai" was established in 1972 by Michiyo Hata (Onoe Kikunori). The Kikunokai has created numerous dance numbers that are based on classical Japanese dance and have been performed in many countries. JPL · 12388
12391 Ecoadachi 1994 WE2 Adachi Ward (Eco-Adachi Ward), one of 23 wards of Tokyo, known for its environmentalism JPL · 12391
12395 Richnelson 1995 CD2 Richard Nelson (born 1966) is well known for his work in developing computer simulations for n -body systems and applying these to planet formation, both in our solar system and in other systems. JPL · 12395
12396 Amyphillips 1995 DL1 Amy Phillips (born 1956) received her MS in Optical Sciences from the University of Arizona. She has studied issues in remote sensing and properties of optical materials in harsh environments. She has also worked in the field of intellectual property, and is active in rural and suburban land-use issues. JPL · 12396
12397 Peterbrown 1995 FV14 Peter Gordon Brown (born 1970) studied at the University of Alberta and the University of Western Ontario and was appointed to the faculty of the latter. His specialties are meteoroid streams, meteor analysis and meteorite recovery. JPL · 12397
12398 Pickhardt 1995 KJ3 Wilhelm Pickhardt (born 1923) studied geology at the Rheinische-Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität in Bonn. He conducted research at the Mining Research Institute for Bituminous Coal and held an adjunct professorship at the Technical University of Berlin. JPL · 12398
12399 Bartolini 1995 OD Corrado Bartolini (born 1941), professor at the University of Bologna since 1970, has focused his interests on contact spectrophotometric binaries, RR Lyrae and magnetic stars and x-ray binaries. With colleagues, he was successful in 1997 in observing the first optical counterpart of a \gamma -ray burst. JPL · 12399
12400 Katumaru 1995 OA1 Katumaru Okuni (born 1932), the younger brother of the discoverer. JPL · 12400


Named minor planet Provisional This minor planet was named for... Ref · Catalog
12401 Tucholsky 1995 OG10 Kurt Tucholsky (1890–1935), a German author who was a masterly critic of philistinism, nationalism, militarism and corruptibility. He wrote poems, chansons and stories. His best-known novels were Rheinsberg and Schloá Gripsholm. In 1933, he was expatriated from his homeland and later committed suicide. JPL · 12401
12405 Nespoli 1995 RK Paolo Angelo Nespoli, Italian Mission Specialist astronaut JPL · 12405
12406 Zvíkov 1995 SZ1 Zvíkov Castle, Czech Republic MPC · 12406
12407 Riccardi 1995 SC2 The historian of mathematics Pietro Riccardi (1828–1898) wrote the monumental work Biblioteca Matematica italiana dall'origine della stampa ai primi anni del XIX secolo, an annotated bibliography of all the books published by Italian scientists during the nineteenth century JPL · 12407
12408 Fujioka 1995 SP2 Hiroshi Fujioka (born 1946), born in Kuma Town, is an actor, martial artist, and a dedicated volunteer in Iraq, Ethiopia and Cambodia. Since his debut in 1970, he has starred in more than 20 movies and a number of TV dramas, including the most popular Japanese television program in the 1970s, Kamen Rider JPL · 12408
12409 Bukovanská 1995 SL3 Marcela Bukovanská (born 1935), a research worker in meteoritics, was head of the department of mineralogy and petrology of the National Museum in Prague. Name suggested by M. Šolc. JPL · 12409
12410 Donald Duck 1995 SM3 Donald Duck, the famous character of Walt Disney's cartoons, has amused generations of children and adults alike JPL · 12410
12411 Tannokayo 1995 SQ3 Kayo Tanno, Japanese elementary school teacher and science educator, who worked on the staff of the Saga prefecture Space and Science Museum during 2002–2006 JPL · 12411
12412 Muchisachie 1995 ST4 Muchi Sachie, Japanese music teacher JPL · 12412
12413 Johnnyweir 1995 SQ29 Johnny Weir (born July 2, 1984), American athlete, figure-skating champion and Olympian, talented in many spheres of artistic endeavor JPL · 12413
12414 Bure 1995 SR29 Pavel Bure, ice hockey player MPC · 12414
12415 Wakatatakayo 1995 SW52 Takayo Wakata, mother of the Japanese astronaut Koichi Wakata JPL · 12415
12418 Tongling 1995 UX2 Tongling, Anhui MPC · 12418
12421 Zhenya 1995 UH5 Eugenia Krysina (born 1952), a chemist who lives in Moscow, is a friend of the discoverer and displays a keen interest in astronomy, especially in minor planets. Zhenya is the diminutive form of Eugenia JPL · 12421
12423 Slotin 1995 UQ16 Louis Slotin, Canadian physicist and chemist MPC · 12423
12426 Racquetball 1995 VL2 Racquetball evolved from the Mayan Meso American ball game played throughout Central America from 2000 B.C. through 1500 A.D. Today the sport is played on a four-wall court by two to four players with a short racquet and a small rubber ball. John Africano, an AMOS team member, has a passion for playing the game. JPL · 12426
12431 Webster 1995 YY10 Alan Reginald Webster (born 1939), a professor in the department of electrical and computer engineering at the University of Western Ontario, has research interests that include meteor astronomy. JPL · 12431
12432 Usuda 1996 AR1 The Usuda Deep Space Center of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, located in Saku city, Nagano prefecture, conducts command operations and receives telemetry and data from deep-space explorers such as Hayabusa and Kaguya. The site features a parabolic antenna of diameter 64 meters and weight 1980 tons JPL · 12432
12433 Barbieri 1996 AF4 Giovanni Barbieri (born 1941) is an amateur astronomer in the Montelupo Group. JPL · 12433
12435 Sudachi 1996 BX Citrus sudachi, a small, round, green citrus fruit that is a specialty of Tokushima prefecture, Japan JPL · 12435
12437 Westlane 1996 BN6 Westlane Secondary School, Niagara Falls, Ontario, Canada MPC · 12437
12439 Okasaki 1996 CA3 During the past three decades amateur astronomer Kiyomi Okasaki (born 1950) has discovered two comets and three supernovae at his observatory in Kahoku, Yamagata prefecture JPL · 12439
12440 Koshigayaboshi 1996 CF3 Koshigayaboshi, "the star of Koshigaya", southeast Saitama prefecture, Japan, in honour of the city's fiftieth anniversary in 2008 JPL · 12440
12442 Beltramemass 1996 DO1 Massimiliano Beltrame (1942–2001) taught topography and the science of construction at a high school in Terni. He was also an amateur astronomer specializing in photography. An astronomy club in Terni has been named in his memory JPL · 12442
12443 Paulsydney 1996 EQ2 With the gracious support of his family, Paul Sydney, a physicist on the AMOS team, has dedicated many long hours to demonstrating that U.S. Air Force assets could be applied successfully to following up minor planets. In return, the Air Force has benefited significantly from collaboration with the astronomical community JPL · 12443
12444 Prothoon 1996 GE19 Prothoon was a Trojan warrior who was killed by Teucer in the Trojan War JPL · 12444
12445 Sirataka 1996 HE2 The town of Sirataka, where the discoverer was born, is located in the southern part of Yamagata prefecture. The town is famous for its textile industry and weir-fishing JPL · 12445
12446 Juliabryant 1996 PZ6 Australian astrophysicist Julia Bryant (born 1971) is recognized for her past, present and future contributions to science, family and friendship JPL · 12446
12447 Yatescup 1996 XA12 Yates Cup, Canadian sports trophy MPC · 12447
12448 Mr. Tompkins 1996 XW18 Mr. Tompkins, character from George Gamow's books MPC · 12448
12456 Genichiaraki 1997 AC1 Genichi Araki (born 1954) is an amateur astronomer and a science teacher in Junior High School. He was one of the discoverers of comet C/1983 H1 (IRAS-Araki-Alcock) JPL · 12456
12460 Mando 1997 AF5 Mando, the largest annual festival in Iruma, Saitama prefecture, involves thousands of lantern lights. Since 1978 the Mando Festival has been conducted with the coordinated efforts of the citizenry and administration under a theme of cooperation and communication JPL · 12460
12464 Manhattan 1997 AH8 Manhattan, is the original island borough of New York City, which was obtained from the Indians by the Dutch in 1626. It became New York under the English in 1664, and is the commercial and cultural heart of the city. JPL · 12464
12465 Perth Amboy 1997 AD10 The U.S. city of Perth Amboy, New Jersey city, was settled in 1683 and incorporated in 1718. It is an important industrial city and port of entry with a fine harbor near New York City. JPL · 12465
12468 Zachotín 1997 AE18 Zachotín, Czech Republic Archived 2011-05-25 at the Wayback Machine MPC · 12468
12469 Katsuura 1997 AW18 Katsuura is a city in Chiba prefecture, where one can enjoy the wide ocean and forested hills. The Katsuura Tracking and Communication Station of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency is located on a hill to conduct command operations and receive telemetry from satellites that observe the earth or the moon JPL · 12469
12470 Pinotti 1997 BC9 Roberto Pinotti (born 1944), after getting his degree in political science in 1972, became a writer and amateur astronomer of the Montelupo Group JPL · 12470
12471 Larryscherr 1997 CZ6 Lawrence Scherr (born 1949), an optical engineer and lens designer, designed the optics for the NEAT/Oschin instrument. He has designed, built, tested or analyzed stray light for prototype medical instruments, intraocular lenses, scaterometers, large surveillance telescopes, automated optical test systems and Mars camera lenses JPL · 12471
12472 Samadhi 1997 CW11 Samadhi Hindu/Buddhist concept MPC · 12472
12473 Levi-Civita 1997 CM19 Tullio Levi-Civita (1873–1941), an Italian mathematician who developed and extended the tensor calculus, originally formulated by Ricci, which plays a central role in the theory of general relativity and in differential geometry. In 1938 Levi-Civita was removed from his professorship at the University of Rome because of his being Jewish. JPL · 12473
12477 Haiku 1997 EY20 The Haiku, Japanese poetic form MPC · 12477
12478 Suzukiseiji 1997 EX25 Seiji Suzuki (born 1933), a retired teacher, is secretary of the Yamagata Astronomers Liaison Conference (since 1997) and the Yamagata Astronomers Club JPL · 12478
12479 Ohshimaosamu 1997 EG27 Osamu Ohshima (born 1954) is a high school teacher and one of Japan's leading observers of variable stars. He was a staff member at Bisei Astronomical Observatory and played an important role in the founding of the observatory, using his talent in mechanical and computer technology JPL · 12479
12481 Streuvels 1997 EW47 Stijn Streuvels, Flemish writer MPC · 12481
12482 Pajka 1997 FG1 Paula Pravdová (born 1990) is the only daughter of the second discoverer. She inherited many of her father's interests (playing musical instruments, cycling, swimming, diving, singing, joking) and that is why she was very popular when visiting Modra Observatory. Pajka is her familiar name. JPL · 12482
12485 Jenniferharris 1997 GO1 Jennifer Harris Trosper (born 1968) led the Mars Pathfinder Surface Operations Test program and was Flight Director for Mars Pathfinder when it landed on 1997 July 4 JPL · 12485
12490 Leiden 1997 JB13 Leiden, Netherlands, seat of the University of Leiden MPC · 12490
12491 Musschenbroek 1997 JE15 Pieter van Musschenbroek, Dutch scientist, inventor of the Leyden jar MPC · 12491
12492 Tanais 1997 JP16 Tanais, ancient Greek name of the Don river JPL · 12492
12493 Minkowski 1997 PM1 Hermann Minkowski (1864–1909) was awarded a prestigious prize from the Paris Academy of Sciences while still a student. He was Einstein's teacher at Zurich and later developed the concept of four-dimensional space-time—the mathematical foundation of the special theory of relativity. JPL · 12493
12494 Doughamilton 1998 DH11 Douglas P. Hamilton (born 1/1/1966) is a dynamicist specializing in small particles in the solar system. His major contributions involve motions and resonances when several different forces are involved, work for which he received the American Astronomical Society's Urey prize in 1999. The name was suggested by M. A'Hearn. JPL · 12494
12496 Ekholm 1998 FF9 Andreas G. Ekholm (1975–2001) was a planetary scientist who contributed to the fields of impact cratering processes, geophysics of icy satellites, and photometry of KBOs and Centaurs. He was also active in humanitarian causes before his premature death in an automobile accident in his native Sweden. JPL · 12496
12497 Ekkehard 1998 FQ14 Ekkehard Kührt (born 1954) is the head of the Asteroids and Comets Department of the DLR institute of Planetary Research. He has been active in minor bodies research for decades and was involved in many space missions. Ekkehard has been the project leader of the DLR contributions for the instruments of the Rosetta mission. IAU · 12497
12498 Dragesco 1998 FY14 Jean Dragesco (born 1920) is an accomplished biologist and amateur astronomer. For many years, using various telescopes, he worked in Africa, where he made exquisite high-resolution photographs of the solar system that have inspired many amateur astronomers around the world. JPL · 12498
12500 Desngai 1998 FB49 Desmond Ngai (born 1985), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12500


Named minor planet Provisional This minor planet was named for... Ref · Catalog
12501 Nord 1998 FL66 Ashley Lynne Nord (born 1985), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12501
12504 Nuest 1998 FS75 Jennifer Elizabeth Nuest (born 1985), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12504
12506 Pariser 1998 FR108 Andrew Robert Pariser (born 1985), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12506
12509 Pathak 1998 FY117 Madhav Dilip Pathak (born 1987), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12509
12511 Patil 1998 FQ121 Reshma Shivaputrappa Patil (born 1985), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12511
12512 Split 1998 HW7 Split is the largest Dalmatian city and the second-largest urban center in Croatia. Located on the shores of the eastern Adriatic Sea, it is a vital link to the numerous surrounding islands. The historic city of Split is built around the "Palace of Diocletian", the world's best preserved Roman palace JPL · 12512
12513 Niven 1998 HC20 Ivan M. Niven, Canadian-American mathematician MPC · 12513
12514 Schommer 1998 HM26 Robert Schommer, an astronomer at Cerro Tololo InterAmerican Observatory. JPL · 12514
12515 Suiseki 1998 HE43 Literally "Water-Stone" in Japanese, Suiseki is the Japanese art form of stone appreciation. JPL · 12515
12517 Grayzeck 1998 HD52 Edwin John Grayzeck, American astronomer, Archive Manager, Small Bodies Node of the Planetary Data System, Department of Astronomy, University of Maryland, College Park MPC · 12517
12519 Pullen 1998 HH55 Sarah Adele Pullen (born 1985), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12519
12522 Rara 1998 HL99 Prem Vilas Fortran M. Rara, Filipino, an ISEF awardee in 2002 MPC · 12522
12524 Conscience 1998 HG103 Hendrik Conscience (1812–1883), a founder of Flemish literature. JPL · 12524
12526 de Coninck 1998 HZ147 Herman de Coninck (1944–1997), a Flemish poet and critic. JPL · 12526
12527 Anneraugh 1998 JE3 Anne C. Raugh (born 1962), an astronomer and informatician worked as a programmer for the COBE mission and for more than a decade has been the lead applications programmer for the Small Bodies Node of NASA's Planetary Data System at the University of Maryland. JPL · 12527
12529 Reighard 1998 KG41 Chelsea Lynne Reighard (born 1986), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12529
12530 Richardson 1998 KO46 Aaron Cole Richardson (born 1984), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12530
12533 Edmond 1998 LA Edmond, a city in central Oklahoma, was founded on 1889 Apr. 22 in the first of the Oklahoma land runs. JPL · 12533
12534 Janhoet 1998 LB3 Jan Hoet (1936–2014), a Belgian art curator, has studied art history and archeology. In 1975 he was appointed director of the Museum of Contemporary Art in Ghent. Well known from his exposition Documenta IX (Düsseldorf, 1992), he has been responsible for several expositions in Europe, Japan and Canada. JPL · 12534
12537 Kendriddle 1998 MT34 Kendra LeeAnn Riddle (born 1983), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12537
12539 Chaikin 1998 OP2 Andrew L. Chaikin (born 1956), a renowned author and space historian whose interests include the Apollo program. His landmark book A Man on the Moon served as the basis for the HBO miniseries From the Earth to the Moon, which dramatized the first lunar exploration. JPL · 12539
12540 Picander 1998 OU9 Picander, pseudonym of Christian Friedrich Henrici (1700–1764), was one of Bach's most important librettists. JPL · 12540
12541 Makarska 1998 PD1 Makarska is a town located on a horseshoe-shaped bay between the Biokovo mountains and the Adriatic Sea in the Croatian region of Dalmatia. It is the center of the Makarska riviera and noted for its palm-fringed promenade. Its Franciscan monastery houses a renowned seashell collection JPL · 12541
12542 Laver 1998 PN1 Rodney Laver (born 1938), a tennis player from the discoverer's home state of Queensland and widely regarded as one of the greats of the game. JPL · 12542
12548 Erinriley 1998 QJ25 Erin Kathleen Riley (born 1983), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12548
12553 Aaronritter 1998 QZ46 Aaron M. Ritter (born 1986), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12553
12556 Kyrobinson 1998 QG48 Kylan Thomas Robinson (born 1985), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12556
12557 Caracol 1998 QQ54 "El Caracol" at Chichén Itza in Yucatán, Mexico, has been described as probably the most famous of all the astronomically related buildings in ancient Mesoamerica. JPL · 12557
12561 Howard 1998 SX7 Ron Howard American Actor, director, producer. JPL · 12561
12562 Briangrazer 1998 SP36 Brian Grazer American Producer. JPL · 12562
12564 Ikeller 1998 SO49 Ingeborg Bickel-Keller (born 1941), the discoverer's wife. JPL · 12564
12565 Khege 1998 SV53 Keith Hege (born 1932), of Steward Observatory, University of Arizona, is an expert in high angular resolution astronomy and instrumentation. JPL · 12565
12566 Derichardson 1998 SH54 Derek C. Richardson (born 1968), an expert on computational techniques of the University of Maryland, has made major contributions to the study of rubble piles, particularly their tidal distortion and their collisions. He is also applying his codes to the formation of planets. The name was suggested by M. F. A'Hearn and P. Michel. JPL · 12566
12567 Herreweghe 1998 SU71 Philippe Herreweghe, Belgian conductor. JPL · 12567
12568 Kuffner 1998 VB5 Moriz von Kuffner (1854–1939), Austrian brewer, alpinist and founder of the Kuffner Observatory in Vienna, Austria JPL · 12568
12572 Sadegh 1999 NN8 Cameron Sadegh (born 1984), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12572
12574 LONEOS 1999 RT Lowell Observatory Near-Earth-Object Search (LONEOS). JPL · 12574
12575 Palmaria 1999 RH1 Palmaria is the most important island in the gulf of La Spezia, famous for its old quarry of a rare golden marble nicknamed "Portoro". JPL · 12575
12576 Oresme 1999 RP1 Nicole Oresme(c. 1323 – 1382), bishop of Lisieux, conceived the representation of time-varying quantities by two-dimensional graphs, using the latitude-longitude analogy. JPL · 12576
12577 Samra 1999 RA13 Shamsher Singh Samra (born 1986), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12577
12578 Bensaur 1999 RF17 Benjamin Paul Saur (born 1983), an ISEF awardee in 2002 MPC · 12578
12579 Ceva 1999 RA28 The brothers Giovanni (1647–1734) and Tommaso (1648–1737) Ceva were Italian mathematicians interested in geometry and physics. JPL · 12579
12580 Antonini 1999 RM33 Pierre Antonini a French amateur astronomer, discoverer of minor planets and supernovae at his private Bedoin observatory JPL · 12580
12581 Rovinj 1999 RE34 Rovinj is a city on the western coast of the Istrian peninsula. It was initially built on an island but connected to the mainland in the eighteenth century. Saint Euphemia's basilica overlooks the medieval city and its 22 offshore islands JPL · 12581
12583 Buckjean 1999 RC35 the discoverer's father, a railroad conductor, and his mother, a registered nurse. JPL · 12583
12584 Zeljkoandreic 1999 RF36 Željko Andreić (born 1957), a renowned Croatian amateur astronomer and promoter of astronomy. JPL · 12584
12585 Katschwarz 1999 RN64 Kathleen Alice Schwarz (born 1984), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12585
12593 Shashlov 1999 RQ136 Anthon Michailovich Shashlov (born 1986), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12593
12595 Amandashaw 1999 RD149 Amanda Bryce Shaw (born 1985), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12595
12596 Shukla 1999 RT154 Kavita M. Shukla (born 1984), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12596
12598 Sierra 1999 RC159 Elizabeth Sierra (born 1985), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12598
12599 Singhal 1999 RT160 Akshat Singhal (born 1985), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12599


Named minor planet Provisional This minor planet was named for... Ref · Catalog
12601 Tiffanyswann 1999 RO178 Tiffany Nichole Swann (born 1985), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12601
12602 Tammytam 1999 RT183 Tammy Tam (born 1985), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12602
12603 Tanchunghee 1999 RF184 Tan Chun Ghee (born 1984), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12603
12604 Lisatate 1999 RC194 Lisa Michelle Tate (born 1986), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12604
12606 Apuleius 2043 P-L Lucius Apuleius, 2nd-century Roman writer and orator JPL · 12606
12607 Alcaeus 2058 P-L Alcaeus, 7th–6th-century B.C. Greek poet JPL · 12607
12608 Aesop 2091 P-L Aesop (Herodotus Aisopos of Sardes), 6th-century B.C. Greek slave who won his freedom with his fine fables JPL · 12608
12609 Apollodoros 2155 P-L Apollodoros of Athens, 2nd-century B.C. Greek scholar and stoic, author of a much used Chronika JPL · 12609
12610 Hãfez 2551 P-L Schamsoddin Mohammed Hãfez (1324–1390) was a Persian poet. Hãfez means "a person who knows The Koran by heart". He wrote in Persian and Arabic. When the Mongolians came to Persia they respected Hãfez. His lyric poetry is admired in Europe, and it influenced Goethe in his West-östlicher Divan. JPL · 12610
12611 Ingres 2555 P-L Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres, 18th–19th-century French painter JPL · 12611
12612 Daumier 2592 P-L Honoré Daumier, 19th-century French painter and lithographer JPL · 12612
12613 Hogarth 4024 P-L William Hogarth, 18th-century English painter and copper-plate engraver JPL · 12613
12614 Hokusai 4119 P-L Katsushika Hokusai, 18th–19th-century Japanese wood-carver and painter JPL · 12614
12615 Mendesdeleon 4626 P-L Pablo Mendes de Leon (born 1954) has directed the International Institute of Air and Space Law since its creation in 1985 and is a recognized expert in the field. He was recently appointed professor of Air and Space Law at the University of Leiden and delivered his inaugural lecture on 2009 Apr. 17 JPL · 12615
12616 Lochner 4874 P-L Stephan Lochner, 15th-century German painter of the Cologne school JPL · 12616
12617 Angelusilesius 5568 P-L Angelus Silesius (Johannes Scheffler), 17th-century German baroque poet JPL · 12617
12618 Cellarius 6217 P-L Andreas Cellarius (c. 1596–1665), a German schoolmaster from Neuhausen near Worms, settled in Amsterdam in the early 1620s, becoming rector of the Latin School in Hoorn in 1637. His Harmonia Macrocosmica, published 1660 in Amsterdam, ranks amongst the most spectacular celestial atlases of the seventeenth century JPL · 12618
12619 Anubelshunu 6242 P-L Anu Belshunu (249 B.C.-c. 185 B.C.) was lamentation priest and interpreter of the astrological omen series Enuma Anu Enlil at the Temple of Anu in Uruk. A collection of astrological cuneiform tablets from his library contains some of the earliest realistic depictions of the Babylonian constellations JPL · 12619
12620 Simaqian 6335 P-L Sima Qian (c. 145 B.C.-c. 85 B.C.) was a Chinese historian, counselor and court astrologer of the Han emperor Wu Di. He wrote a treatise on the Chinese calendar. His Shiji ("Records of the Grand Historian") contains the earliest systematical description of the Chinese constellations JPL · 12620
12621 Alsufi 6585 P-L The Persian astronomer Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi (Azophi; 903–986) worked in Isfahan. His influential star atlas, completed around 964 and based on both Ptolemy's Almagest and pre-Islamic star lore, contains the earliest description of the Andromeda Galaxy, M 31 JPL · 12621
12622 Doppelmayr 6614 P-L German mathematician, astronomer and cartographer Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr (1677–1750) worked in Nürnberg. His Atlas Coelestis, published in 1742, was one of the major celestial atlases of the eighteenth century JPL · 12622
12623 Tawaddud 9544 P-L A fictional character from the Arabian or 1001 Nights, Tawaddud was a talented slave-girl from Baghdad whose knowledge of astronomy, medicine and theology was superior to that of the best scholars in the court of Caliph Harun al-Rashid (who ruled from 786 to 809). The name was suggested by R. H. van Gent JPL · 12623
12624 Mariacunitia 9565 P-L Maria Cunitia (c. 1604–1664), the daughter of a Polish physician, taught herself astronomy, mathematics, medicine and history. In 1650 she published the Urania Propitia, a collection of astronomical tables based on Kepler's Rudolphine Tables. The name was suggested by R. H. van Gent JPL · 12624
12625 Koopman 9578 P-L Elizabetha Koopman (1647–1693), daughter of a Dutch merchant, was the second wife of Polish astronomer Johannes Hevelius. She assisted her husband with his astronomical observations, and after his death in 1687 she prepared his star atlas and catalogue for publication. The name was suggested by R. H. van Gent JPL · 12625
12626 Timmerman 1116 T-1 Petronella Johanna de Timmerman (1724–1786), a Dutch poetess who was educated in astronomy and mathematics at the observatory of Jan de Munck in Middelburg. In 1769 she married the Utrecht astronomer Jan Frederik Hennert and assisted him in his work. The name was suggested by R. H. van Gent JPL · 12626
12627 Maryedwards 1230 T-1 Mary Edwards (c. 1750–1815), of Ludlow, Shropshire, was a skillful mathematical and astronomical computer. From 1773 until her death she performed most of the astronomical computations necessary for the preparation of the Nautical Almanac. The name was suggested by R. H. van Gent JPL · 12627
12628 Ackworthorr 2120 T-1 Mary Ackworth Orr (1867–1949), wife of the solar physicist and Kodaikanal Observatory director John Evershed, in 1913 published a detailed study of the numerous astronomical allusions in the works of the Italian poet Dante Alighieri. The name was suggested by R. H. van Gent JPL · 12628
12629 Jandeboer 2168 T-1 Jan Allard de Boer (born 1943) has been secretary of the Royal Dutch amateur society for meteorology and astronomy (NVWS) since 1995. He has done much to initiate contact between amateurs and professionals. Name suggested by A. v. d. Brugge and H. van Woerden JPL · 12629
12630 Verstappen 3033 T-1 René Verstappen (born 1948) has been comptroller of the Dutch center for dissemination of information on astronomy, space science and meteorology for 36 years. He has done much for Dutch amateur astronomers. Name suggested by A. v. d. Brugge and H. van Woerden JPL · 12630
12631 Mariekebaan 3051 T-1 Marieke Baan (born 1961), a Dutch public information officer. In 2005 she became press officer of the Dutch Research School for Astronomy. As such, she promotes astronomy through press releases, media events, educational activities and other forms of public outreach. JPL · 12631
12632 Mignonette 3105 T-1 Mignonette Saavedra (born 1931), Chilean psychologist, studied at Smith College and Yale. In her professional life she put emphasis on neuro-psychology. She retired from the chair of the Psychology department at the University of Chile, Santiago in 2007. JPL · 12632
12633 Warmenhoven 3119 T-1 Adrie Warmenhoven (born 1961), Dutch astronomy popularizer and educator. He is director of the 18th-century mechanical Eise Eisinga Planetarium in Franeker, The Netherlands. JPL · 12633
12634 LOFAR 3178 T-1 LOFAR (LOw-Frequency ARray), a novel radio telescope, proposed by Leiden astronomer George Miley and inaugurated in 2010. JPL · 12634
12635 Hennylamers 4220 T-1 Henny Lamers (born 1941), a Dutch astrophysicist, studied the evolution and mass loss of the most massive stars. He also gave many dozens of popular astronomy lectures for a wide variety of audiences, including children. JPL · 12635
12636 Padrielli 4854 T-1 Lucia Padrielli (1943–2003), an Italian radio-astronomer who was closely involved in the "northern cross" radio telescope and in VLBI observations. During her career sheparticipated actively in Italian research policy, and she was president of IAU Commission 40 (Radio Astronomy). JPL · 12636
12637 Gustavleonhardt 1053 T-2 Gustav Leonhardt (1928–2012), Dutch harpsichord player and conductor. He was the founder of the Leonhardt Consort, dedicated to performing baroque music on period instruments. In 1971, together with N. Harnoncourt and his Concentus Musicus, Leonhardt initiated the first complete recording of Bach's Cantatas. JPL · 12637
12638 Fransbrüggen 1063 T-2 Frans Brüggen (born 1934) is a Dutch recorder player and conductor. He was the founder of the Orchestra of the Eighteenth Century, which is dedicated to performing classical music as authentically as possible. In 2012 he was awarded the Edison Classical Music Award JPL · 12638
12639 Tonkoopman 1105 T-2 Ton Koopman (born 1944) is a Dutch harpsichord player and conductor, specializing in Baroque music. He founded the Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra in 1979, and the Amsterdam Baroque Choir in 1993. With these ensembles, he has given renowned performances of Bach's St. Matthew's Passion JPL · 12639
12640 Reinbertdeleeuw 1231 T-2 Reinbert de Leeuw (born 1938), a Dutch conductor, pianist and composer, is devoted to performing and recording classical music composed after 1900, preferably in the presence of the composer. In 1974 he founded the Schoenberg Ensemble. JPL · 12640
12641 Hubertushenrichs 1310 T-2 Hubertus Frederik Henrichs (born 1949), a Dutch astronomer. JPL · 12641
12642 Davidjansen 1348 T-2 David Jona Jansen (born 1968), a Dutch astronomer in Leiden. JPL · 12642
12643 Henkolthof 3180 T-2 Henk Olthof (born 1944), a Dutch astronomer from Groningen. JPL · 12643
12644 Robertwielinga 3285 T-2 Robert Wielinga (born 1962) is a Dutch physics teacher, active amateur astronomer and popularizer of astronomy. He has been head of the public observatory Sonnenborgh in Utrecht, a member of the European Association for Astronomy Education (EAAE) and secretary of the EAAE Board. JPL · 12644
12645 Jacobrosales 4240 T-2 Jacob Rosales (born 1967) of Jalisco, Mexico, and his son, Jacob (Coby) Rosales Chase (born 1996) by Daniel W. E. Green, a close family friend. Jacob senior is an expert musician and teacher, specializing in violin and other stringed instruments; Coby is a student at Case Western Reserve University. JPL · 12645
12646 Avercamp 5175 T-2 Hendrick Avercamp (1585–1634), Dutch painter who specialized in painting the Netherlands in winter during the time that is now known as the Little Ice Age. Many of Avercamp's paintings feature people ice skating on frozen lakes. Name suggested by W. A. Fröger JPL · 12646
12647 Pauluspotter 5332 T-2 Paulus Potter (1625–1654) was a Dutch Golden Age painter who painted mostly farm scenes and animals. His realistic paintings put the animals in the forefront so they contrasted against the background and give them a lively appearance. His most famous painting is The Young Bull (c. 1647). Name suggested by W. A. Fröger JPL · 12647
12648 Ibarbourou 1135 T-3 Uruguayan poet and writer Juana Fernández Morales de Ibarbourou (1892–1979) was one of the most popular South American poets. Her poems are notable for her identification of her feelings with nature around her. JPL · 12648
12649 Ascanios 2035 T-3 Ascanios, the son of Aeneas. He is also named Julus and became under this name the ancestor of the Julius family. JPL · 12649
12650 de Vries 2247 T-3 Martien de Vries (born 1932) is a Dutch astronomer who was part of a small group who developed the first Dutch 1-m telescope on La Silla. His main area of focus was the development and adjustment of the photometer, which he himself used for infrared star measurements. JPL · 12650
12651 Frenkel 2268 T-3 Daan Frenkel (born 1948) is a leading Dutch scientist who has contributed to the development of Monte Carlo and Molecular Dynamics simulation methods that led to a greater understanding of the phase behavior of molecular systems. He shed light on the state of carbon in stars and has launched the careers of many young researchers. JPL · 12651
12652 Groningen 2622 T-3 Groningen is a city in north-east Netherlands. It is home to the Kapteyn Astronomical Institute of the University of Groningen. JPL · 12652
12653 van der Klis 2664 T-3 Michiel van der Klis (born 1953) is a Dutch astronomer and expert on the properties of neutron stars and black holes. He discovered quasi-periodic oscillations in X-ray binaries. He is the former Director of the Anton Pannekoek Institute in Amsterdam, and the winner of the Bruno Rossi prize (1987) and the Spinoza award (2004). JPL · 12653
12654 Heinofalcke 4118 T-3 Heino Falcke (born 1966) is a German radio astronomer working in Nijmegen (Netherlands), known for his innovative use of radio telescopes and his work on the Galactic Centre black hole. He received the Spinoza award in 2011. JPL · 12654
12655 Benferinga 5041 T-3 Ben Feringa (born 1951) is a renowned Dutch chemist, who won the 2016 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the development of molecular machines. He is a passionate lecturer and public advocate for science. JPL · 12655
12656 Gerdebruijn 5170 T-3 Ger de Bruijn (1948–2017) was a renowned Dutch radio astronomer who worked at Dwingeloo and Groningen. His expertise was key to the scientific and technical success of both the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope and LOFAR. JPL · 12656
12657 Bonch-Bruevich 1971 QO1 Aleksej Mikhajlovich Bonch-Bruevich (born 1916), a corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. JPL · 12657
12658 Peiraios 1973 SL Peiraios, son of Klytios, was a friend of Telemachos. JPL · 12658
12659 Schlegel 1973 UR5 The brothers August Wilhelm (1767–1845) and Friedrich (1772–1829) Schlegel, both famous writers, philologists and teachers at the University of Jena. JPL · 12659
12661 Schelling 1976 DA1 Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling (1775–1854), professor of philosophy in University of Jena. JPL · 12661
12663 Björkegren 1978 RL7 the family Björkegren, friends and neighbours of the discoverer's summer house on Gotland JPL · 12663
12664 Sonisenia 1978 SS5 Sonya (Sofiya) and Senya (Semen) are charming and talented children of Mark Ziselevich Orlovskij, Kiev journalist, executive in the publishing trade and friend of the discoverer. JPL · 12664
12665 Chriscarson 1978 VE7 Christopher A. Carson (born 1968) is the "Observatory (Spacecraft) Manager" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12665
12668 Scottstarin 1979 MX1 Scott Robin Starin (born 1975) is the "Guidance, Navigation, and Control Systems Engineer" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12668
12669 Emilybrisnehan 1979 MY5 Emily Walters Brisnehan (born 1987) is the "Instrument Accommodations Systems Engineer" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12669
12670 Passargea 1979 SG2 Michael Paul Oskar Passarge (born 1950), a prominent German amateur astronomer. JPL · 12670
12671 Thörnqvist 1980 FU Owe Thörnqvist (born 1929), a singer-songwriter who has written a large number of songs, many about life in Uppsala, where he was born. JPL · 12671
12672 Nygårdh 1980 FY2 Hans Cristian Nygårdh (born 1950) is one of the most prolific compilers of cross-words in Sweden. JPL · 12672
12673 Kiselman 1980 FH3 Dan Kiselman (born 1963), a solar physicist, who was for many years the secretary of the Swedish Astronomical Society. JPL · 12673
12674 Rybalka 1980 RL2 Anatolij Nikolaevich Rybalka (born 1939), an obstetrician and gynaecologist, professor at the Crimean Medical University. JPL · 12674
12675 Chabot 1980 TA4 Anthony Chabot (1813–1888), one of the pioneering hydraulic engineers of the late nineteenth century and a developer of municipal water facilities. JPL · 12675
12676 Dianemerline 1981 DU1 Diane Elizabeth Miller Merline (born 1959) iss an administrative coordinator for the Lucy mission. IAU · 12676
12677 Gritsavage 1981 EO4 Anthony Thomas Gritsavage (born 1974) is the "Lead Quality Engineer" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12677
12678 Gerhardus 1981 EQ20 Joerg Gerhardus (born 1968) is the "Payload Safety and Mission Assurance Manager" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12678
12679 Jamessimpson 1981 EK22 James Edward Simpson (born 1970) is the "L'Ralph Instrument Project Manager" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12679
12680 Bogdanovich 1981 JR2 Carrie C. L. Bogdanovich, American amateur astronomer who assisted in organizing the photographic glass plate archive of the 1.2-m Schmidt Oschin Telescope at Palomar Observatory JPL · 12680
12681 Pevear 1981 UL29 Kristina Pevear (born 1982) is the "Systems Engineering Verification Engineer" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12681
12682 Kawada 1982 VC3 Kawada Oukou (1830–1896), a Japanese classical scholar born in Tamashima, Okayama prefecture. JPL · 12682
12686 Bezuglyj 1986 TT11 Michail Yur'evich Bezuglyj (born 1963), a Ukrainian surgeon. JPL · 12686
12687 de Valory 1987 YS1 Guy Louis Henri, Marquis de Valory (1692–1774), was a French aristocrat, well known from his friendship with Voltaire. He became an ambassador for the Prussian King Frederic II. JPL · 12687
12688 Baekeland 1988 CK4 Leo Baekeland, Belgian-American chemist MPC · 12688
12690 Kochimiraikagaku 1988 VG1 Kochi-Mirai-Kagakukan (Kochi city future science museum) is to be built in the heart of the city and will open in 2017. It will be equipped with a planetarium and is expected to play a role for astronomy education for children JPL · 12690
12694 Schleiermacher 1989 EJ6 Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher (1768–1834), German philosopher and Protestant theologian. He worked in Halle and Berlin. He contributed to theology, ethics, science, hermeneutics and aesthetics. His main philosophical work is the Dialektik (1839), but he is also known for his translations of Plato. JPL · 12694
12695 Utrecht 1989 GR3 Utrechtis a city in the Netherlands renowned for its university and the Sonnenborgh Observatory. In 1945, the famous Flemish astronomer Marcel Minnaert introduced the discipline of solar spectroscopy there. In 2004 the city celebrates its 750th anniversary. JPL · 12695
12696 Camus 1989 SF1 Albert Camus, French novelist and essayist, known for his novels L'Etranger and La Peste. Camus won the 1957 Nobel prize for literature. He defended truth, moderation and justice, adhering to liberal humanism and rejecting the dogmatic aspects of both Christianity and Marxism. JPL · 12696
12697 Verhaeren 1989 SK3 Émile Verhaeren, the Belgian poet. Although writing exclusively in French, she took much inspiration from "Flanders Fields", glorifying the greatness of its painters and enjoying the pleasures of its common people. Other important themes in his work are human progress, brotherhood of man and his love for his wife. JPL · 12697


Named minor planet Provisional This minor planet was named for... Ref · Catalog
12701 Chénier 1990 GE André Chénier (1762–1794), was a French poet who died on the scaffold. The son of a Greek mother and an atheist father, he was inspired by Lucretius' De rerum natura, Holbach's Système de la Nature and d´Alembert's Rêve to write his naturalistic poem Hermès. JPL · 12701
12702 Panamarenko 1990 SR6 Panamarenko (Henri Van Herwegen, born 1940) is a famous Belgian artist, well known for the construction of bizarre flying machines, the main theme for his work, in remembrance of the myth of Icarus. It remains a mystery whether his creations can actually fly. JPL · 12702
12704 Tupolev 1990 SL28 Andrey Nikolaevich Tupolev (1888–1972) is known worldwide as an airplane designer. More than 100 types of airplanes were created under his guidance, including the first passenger jet aircraft Tu–104. Among the many notable accomplishments of his airplanes was the flight from Moscow over the North Pole to the US in 1937. JPL · 12704
12706 Tanezaki 1990 TE1 Tanezaki is a beach on the eastern side of Urado Bay in Kōchi Prefecture. It is a beautiful parkland dotted with pine trees and a great place for swimming and relaxation for Kochi city residents. JPL · 12706
12708 Van Straten 1990 UB4 Henri Van Straten (1892–1944) is considered one of the greatest lithographers that Belgium ever produced. His work includes more than 900 prints, using several materials and exposing different themes. JPL · 12708
12709 Bergen op Zoom 1990 VN4 The Dutch city of Berg op Zoom. The medieval city in the southern part of The Netherlands was a fortress held by the Geuzen during the Eighty Years' War. Unsuccessfully besieged by Farnese in 1587 and by Spinola in 1622, this famous rebellion is archived in the beautiful hymn Merck toch hoe sterck. JPL · 12709
12710 Breda 1990 VQ5 Breda, a city dating from 1252 in the southern part of The Netherlands, was captured in 1581 by the Spaniards during the Eighty Years' War. In 1590 the town fell again into the hands of Maurice of Nassau, using a handful of men hidden under the turf of a peat-boat. JPL · 12710
12711 Tukmit 1991 BB Tukmit from Native American mythology. He is the Father Sky, and with Tomaiyavit, bore the First People in the creation story of the Luiseño people, a tribe in San Diego County, California. JPL · 12711
12714 Alkimos 1991 GX1 Alcimus, mythological son of Ares, who was, together with Automedon, in charge of Achilles' horses during the Trojan War JPL · 12714
12715 Godin 1991 GR2 Louis Godin (1704–1760), French astronomer who proposed to send expeditions to the equator and the polar sea to measure in both places an arc of one degree in order to find out the true shape of the Earth; in 1753 he joined La Condamine and Bouguer on an expedition to Peru to do this very thing JPL · 12715
12716 Delft 1991 GD8 Delft, Netherlands. The city dating from 1246 is famous for its blue pottery, its typical Dutch canal system and its highly esteemed University of Technology. JPL · 12716
12718 Le Gentil 1991 LF1 Guillaume Le Gentil (1725–1792) was a French astronomer who discovered several deep-sky objects. He traveled to India to observe the transits of Venus in 1761 and 1769. After his return to France in 1771, he published the Voyage dans les Mers de l´Inde, which contains a wealth of data on natural sciences. JPL · 12718
12719 Pingré 1991 LP2 Alexandre Guy Pingré (1711–1796), a French astronomer, was sent by the king to the isle of Rodrigue in the Indian Ocean to observe the transit of Venus in 1761. Pingré is particularly known from his two-volume Traité historique et théorique des comètes (1783–1784). JPL · 12719
12722 Petrarca 1991 PT1 Francesco Petrarca (1304–1374), an Italian poet famous for his Sonnets (1327–1374), which were dedicated to his muse, Laura. He was born in Arezzo and died in the Euganean Hills. Petrarca may be regarded as one of the greatest scholars of his age. His critical spirit made him the founder of Renaissance humanism. JPL · 12722
12727 Cavendish 1991 PB20 Henry Cavendish (1731–1810) was a British eccentric and a physicist. In 1798 he successfully determined the universal constant of gravitation using an apparatus with two small lead spheres, attached on a fiber, and two large lead spheres, by measuring the angular deflection of the fiber. JPL · 12727
12729 Berger 1991 RL7 Hans Berger (1873–1941) was a German medical doctor and professor of neurology and psychiatry in Jena. He invented the electroencephalograph, placing electrical recording equipment on the surface of the skull. JPL · 12729
12734 Haruna 1991 UF3 Haruna Takahashi (born 1994), the eldest daughter of Japanese co-discoverer Atsushi Takahashi JPL · 12734
12738 Satoshimiki 1992 AL Satoshi Hayakawa (born 1992) and Miki Hayakawa (born 1995) are children of the second discoverer and partners in his observations. JPL · 12738
12742 Delisle 1992 OF1 Joseph-Nicolas Delisle (1688–1768), was a French astronomer who went to Russia, where he founded the observatory of St. Petersburg. His brother, Guillaume Delisle (1675–1726), reformed French cartography by introducing a method for fixing positions by astronomical observation. JPL · 12742
12746 Yumeginga 1992 WC1 The name Yumeginga is derived from the nickname of the Space and Science Museum in Takeo, Saga prefecture. "Yume" means "dream", and "ginga" means "galaxy". Yumeginga will be celebrating its tenth anniversary in July 2009 JPL · 12746
12747 Michageffert 1992 YN2 Michael Geffert (born 1953) is a German astrometrist at Bonn University working on the precession of stars in globular clusters. He has done valuable work on the Hipparcos input catalog. He is also a discoverer of minor planets. Src JPL · 12747
12749 Odokaigan 1993 CB Odokaigan is a beach on the Otsuki Peninsula at the south-western tip of Shikoku, Japan. JPL · 12749
12750 Berthollet 1993 DJ1 Claude-Louis Berthollet (1748–1822), a French chemist who analyzed ammonia and prussic acid. However, his greatest contributions to chemistry were his studies on chemical affinity and his discovery of the reversibility of reactions (Essai de statique chimique, 1830). JPL · 12750
12751 Kamihayashi 1993 EU Kamihayashi, Niigata prefecture, Japan. From its mountains to its coastline, Kamihayashi features an abundance of natural topography. JPL · 12751
12752 Kvarnis 1993 FR35 Kvarnis is the nickname of a school in Uppsala's Kvarngärdet district which hosts a scale model of the Saturnian moon Enceladus, as part of Sweden's Solar System JPL · 12752
12753 Povenmire 1993 HE Katie Povenmire, an observer of meteor showers, lunar grazes and minor-planet occultations for determining a body's diameter together with her husband Hal Povenmire. By profession, Katie is a coronary critical care nurse (Src) MPC · 12753
12755 Balmer 1993 OS10 Johann J. Balmer (1825–1898), a Swiss mathematician and high-school teacher who examined the four visible lines in the spectrum of the hydrogen atom. By playing around with the numbers of their wavelengths, he finally put all four wavelengths into one equation, i.e., Balmer's formula. JPL · 12755
12757 Yangtze 1993 RY11 Yangtze River in China. It is the third longest river in the world. With its source at the base of several glaciers in the eastern part of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, the river has great importance for understanding the cultural origins of South China. Humans have lived in the region for at least 27000 years. JPL · 12757
12758 Kabudari 1993 SM3 Kabudari ("big tree" in Arawak), a native name from Palavecino, Lara, Venezuela JPL · 12758
12759 Joule 1993 TL18 James Joule (1818–1889), an English physicist who attempted to demonstrate the unity of forces in nature. In 1840 he determined the mechanical equivalent of heat and showed that heat is produced by motion. JPL · 12759
12760 Maxwell 1993 TX26 James Clerk Maxwell (1831–1879), was a Scottish mathematician and physicist, working in the discipline of electromagnetism. In A treatise on Electricity and Magnetism (1873), the Maxwell equations appear for the first time. He suggested that the rings of Saturn are composed of small individual particles. JPL · 12760
12761 Pauwels 1993 TP38 Thierry Pauwels (born 1957/58), Belgian astronomer, astrometrist, and a discoverer of minor planets at the Uccle Observatory JPL · 12761
12762 Nadiavittor 1993 UE1 Nadia Vittor (1949–1989), aunt of astronomer Alberto Toso, one of the uncredited discoverers of the staff at Farra d'Isonzo Observatory MPC · 12762
12766 Paschen 1993 VV4 Louis Paschen (1865–1947), a German physicist and an outstanding spectroscopist JPL · 12766
12769 Kandakurenai 1994 FF Kurenai Kanda (born 1952), Japanese actress and professional storyteller, member of the executive board of the Japan Space Forum. JPL · 12769
12771 Kimshin 1994 GA1 Kim Shin (born 1955), Japanese musician and synthesizer performer, whose compact disc Everlasting Space traveled into space with the shuttle Discovery in 2000 JPL · 12771
12773 Lyman 1994 PJ10 Theodore Lyman (1874–1954), an American physicist who discovered, in 1906, a group of lines in the spectrum of the hydrogen atom that now bears his name. In 1970, a lunar crater was named after him by the IAU. JPL · 12773
12774 Pfund 1994 PH22 August Hermann Pfund (1879–1949), an American physicist and professor of optics at Baltimore University. He predicted correctly the very far infrared spectrum of the hydrogen atom (the Pfund series). JPL · 12774
12775 Brackett 1994 PX22 Frederick Sumner Brackett (1896–1988), an American physicist who predicted the far-infrared lines of the hydrogen spectrum JPL · 12775
12776 Reynolds 1994 PT31 Osbourne Reynolds (1842–1912), was a British engineer and physicist known for his work in fluid dynamics. He is remembered for the Reynolds' number (1883), which is defined by the difference between laminar and turbulent flow. He wrote a remarkable book: The Sub-mechanics of the Universe (1903). JPL · 12776
12777 Manuel 1994 QA1 Manuel Antolini (1959–2002), the son of the first discoverer, Plinio Antolini. JPL · 12777
12780 Salamony 1995 CE1 Sandra Noel Salamony (born 1962), American creative director for Sky Publishing (Sky & Telescope, Night Sky, Beautiful Universe) JPL · 12780
12782 Mauersberger 1995 ED9 Brothers Rudolf (1889–1971) and Erhard (1903–1982) Mauersberger were renowned German musicians and choirmasters. JPL · 12782
12787 Abetadashi 1995 SR3 Tadashi Abe (born 1943), a Japanese amateur astronomer who published a number of scientific papers and a thesis based on his discoveries. JPL · 12787
12788 Shigeno 1995 SZ3 Toramatsu Shigeno (1898–1986), Japanese amateur astronomer, and father-in-law of the discoverer, Tomimaru Okuni JPL · 12788
12789 Salvadoraguirre 1995 TX Salvador Aguirre (born 1952) is an avid amateur astronomer from Hermosillo, Mexico. He has conducted many observations of variable stars, asteroid occultations, meteors and comets. He has also helped popularize and coordinate amateur astronomical research within Mexico JPL · 12789
12790 Cernan 1995 UT2 Gene Cernan (1934–2017), American astronaut and commander of the Apollo 17 mission. He was the 11th person to walk on the Moon. JPL · 12790
12793 Hosinokokai 1995 UP8 Hoshinokokai is a star-loving group that has been working voluntarily for 20 years at the astronomical observatory on Tawara Junior High School in Utsunomiya City, Tochigi Prefecture. JPL · 12793
12796 Kamenrider 1995 WF Kamen Rider, a Japanese TV character, played by Hiroshi Fujioka, is a cyborg and a lover of justice. Ninety-eight stories of Kamen Rider were broadcast from 1971 to 1973. His fighting action and heroic stories fascinated all boys in Japan, including the discoverer. JPL · 12796
12799 von Suttner 1995 WF6 Bertha von Suttner (1843–1914), Austrian novelist and one of the first notable woman pacifists. She is credited with influencing Alfred Nobel in the establishment of the Nobel Prize for Peace, of which she was the recipient in 1905. JPL · 12799
12800 Oobayashiarata 1995 WQ7 Arata Oobayashi (1957–1999), a Japanese amateur astronomer and computer engineer. He was also famous as a photographic artist, leaving excellent astronomical photographs. The name was suggested by M. Namiki. JPL · 12800


Named minor planet Provisional This minor planet was named for... Ref · Catalog
12801 Somekawa 1995 XD Somekawa Shuichi (1962–1997), a Japanese amateur astronomer and optical engineer JPL · 12801
12802 Hagino 1995 XD1 Hagino Akira (1949–1999), Japanese amateur astronomer who died in an accident while observing. He worked as an instructor of popular astronomy at a small astronomical facility in Yamanashi prefecture and inspired many children and visitors with interests in the wonderful night sky. JPL · 12802
12810 Okumiomote 1996 BV Okumiomote (奥三面), a Japanese archaeological site in northern Niigata prefecture, which was submerged by the damming of a river in 2000 JPL · 12810
12811 Rigonistern 1996 CL7 Mario Rigoni Stern (1921–2008), was an Italian writer, who was born and lived in Asiago. He is known for his poetry and novels about mountain life and habitat. Stern's work has been translated into more than a dozen languages and has won several national and international awards. MPC · 12811
12812 Cioni 1996 CN7 Giovanni Cioni (1943–2002) was an amateur astronomer of the Montelupo Group JPL · 12812
12813 Paolapaolini 1996 CU8 Paola Paolini (1947–2002) was the wife of Mauro Gherardini, amateur astronomer of the Montelupo Group JPL · 12813
12814 Vittorio 1996 CG9 Vittorio Beltrami (1926–2012) continuously promoted, supported and encouraged scientific and technological initiatives, in particular at the Belgirate Asteroids-Comets-Meteors Congress in 1993, and also during international events involving space and astronomy, with special attention to minor bodies of the solar system JPL · 12814
12817 Federica 1996 FM16 Federica Mula (born 1995) is the talented daughter of Manuela Sciascia and Nuccio Mula. In the opera Empedocle from Mula-Portera (Agrigento, 2002), she performed the role of the girl who found and returned the sandal of Greek philosopher Empedocles near the Etna volcano JPL · 12817
12818 Tomhanks 1996 GU8 Tom Hanks (born 1956), American actor who starred in such films as Splash, Sleepless in Seattle, Apollo 13 and Saving Private Ryan, winning Oscars for his roles in Philadelphia and Forrest Gump. He was executive producer for the miniseries From the Earth to the Moon, which dramatized the Apollo expeditions to the moon. MPC · 12818
12819 Susumutakahasi 1996 JO Susumu Takahasi (born 1958), director of the Dynic Astronomical Observatory "Tenkyukan", is ardent about astronomical education and a fine observer of variable stars JPL · 12819
12820 Robinwilliams 1996 JN6 Robin Williams (1951–2014), was an actor and a comedian whose television series Mork and Mindy launched his successful career in improvisational comedy and film. He starred in Good Morning Vietnam and Mrs. Doubtfire, as well as in Good Will Hunting, for which he won an Academy Award. JPL · 12820
12823 Pochintesta 1997 AP Alberto E.C. Pochintesta (1909–1984) was an Uruguayan astronomer and school teacher who worked at the Observatorio de Montevideo (X50). JPL · 12823
12828 Batteas 1997 AU9 Frank Batteas (born 1955) is a pilot for the F/A–18 and C–17 flight research projects at NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California. He has accumulated more than 4700 hours of flight experience in more than 40 different types of aircraft JPL · 12828
12833 Kamenný Újezd 1997 CV1 The Czech village of Kamenný Újezd MPC · 12833
12834 Bomben 1997 CB13 Craig R. Bomben (born 1962) is a pilot in the Flight Crew Branch of NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California. He has more than 17 years and 3800 hours of flight experience in over 50 different aircraft types JPL · 12834
12835 Stropek 1997 CN13 Václav Stropek (born 1938) has been a long-time technician at the Klet Observatory. JPL · 12835
12838 Adamsmith 1997 EL55 Adam Smith, 18th-century key figure of the Scottish Enlightenment, author of An Enquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations JPL · 12838
12840 Paolaferrari 1997 GR5 Paola Ferrari, Librarian of the town of San Marcello Pistoiese in Italy and contributor to the Pian dei Termini Observatory MPC · 12840
12843 Ewers 1997 GH27 Richard G. Ewers (born 1946) is a pilot in the Flight Crew Branch of NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California. He has more than 32 years and nearly 9000 hours of flight experience in all types of aircraft. JPL · 12843
12845 Crick 1997 JM15 Francis Crick (1916–2004) was a British scientist who proposed, together with J. D. Watson, the double-helical structure for DNA in 1953. Subsequently, a general theory for the structure of small viruses was worked out. He has also investigated the nature of consciousness in The astonishing hypothesis (1994). JPL · 12845
12846 Fullerton 1997 MR C. Gordon Fullerton (born 1936) is a research pilot at NASA's Dryden Flight Research Center, Edwards, California. With over 15~000 hours of flying time, he has piloted 135 different types of aircraft. He has logged 382 hours in space as a NASA astronaut, during two Space Shuttle missions JPL · 12846
12848 Agostino 1997 NK10 Agostino Boattini (born 1932) is the father of the discoverer JPL · 12848
12850 Axelmunthe 1998 CO3 Axel Munthe (1857–1949), a descendant of a Flemish family that settled in Sweden during the sixteenth century, was a physician and writer who had studied neurology under Charcot. In his autobiographical The story of San Michele (1929), he portrayed the foibles of the rich and the poor in a tragicomic fashion JPL · 12850
12852 Teply 1998 FW30 Grant Teply, an American ISEF awardee in 2002 Archived 2009-02-08 at the Wayback Machine MPC · 12852
12855 Tewksbury 1998 HS32 Carolyn Morgan Tewksbury, an ISEF awardee in 2002 MPC · 12855
12859 Marlamoore 1998 KK1 Marla H. Moore (born 1940), a staff member at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, is known worldwide for her studies of the irradiation of ices and the implications of the irradiation processes for interstellar grains, comets, and icy satellites. The name was suggested by M. F. A'Hearn. JPL · 12859
12860 Turney 1998 KT32 Shannon Quinn Turney, an ISEF awardee in 2002 MPC · 12860
12861 Wacker 1998 KW33 David "Buzz" Wacker, an ISEF awardee in 2002 MPC · 12861
12863 Whitfield 1998 KE48 Meghan Elizabeth Whitfield (born 1985), an ISEF awardee in 2002 JPL · 12863
12866 Yanamadala 1998 KL65 Vijay Yanamadala, an ISEF awardee in 2002 MPC · 12866
12867 Joëloïc 1998 LK2 Joël (born 1982) and Loïc (born 1985) are the children of Gérard Faure, accountant, amateur astronomer and active Magnitude Alert Project observer of minor planets. Both sons are now students at the University of Grenoble, in the disciplines of economy and computer science JPL · 12867
12868 Onken 1998 MZ7 Christopher S. Onken (born 1979) was a summer student at the Lowell Observatory in 1998. As an observer, he made the first LONEOS near-earth-asteroid discovery and suggested many useful improvements to the observing protocol JPL · 12868
12870 Rolandmeier 1998 MK37 Roland C. Meier (born 1964), of Gretag Imaging, Zurich, is well known for his research on the chemistry of comets, ranging from studies of the chemistry observed in situ at 1P/Halley with Giotto to numerous optical and radio studies using ground-based telescopes. The name was suggested by M. F. A'Hearn JPL · 12870
12871 Samarasinha 1998 ML37 Nalin Samarasinha (born 1958), a Sri Lanka planetary scientist and discoverer of minor planets of the National Optical Astronomy Observatories, Tucson, has carried out many studies of the dynamical evolution of cometary nuclei and the related dynamical processes of dust in cometary comae. This includes his demonstration of the excited rotational state of 1P/Halley. JPL · 12871
12872 Susiestevens 1998 OZ5 Susie Stevens, American teacher, 2002 winner of an Intel Foundation Excellence in Teaching Award MPC · 12872
12873 Clausewitz 1998 OU7 Carl von Clausewitz (1780–1831) was a Prussian general and intellectual who gained extensive combat experience by fighting against the armies of the French Revolution and Napoleon. His famous book Vom Kriege ("On War") is considered one of the most influential works of military philosophy in the Western world. JPL · 12873
12874 Poisson 1998 QZ Siméon Denis Poisson (1781–1840) was a prolific French mathematician and inspiring teacher who left his mark on many branches of applied mathematics, including electricity and magnetism, celestial mechanics and elasticity. His name is also associated with the Poisson distribution in probability theory. JPL · 12874
12878 Erneschiller 1998 QH11 Ernest Schiller, American teacher, 2002 winner of an Intel Foundation Excellence in Teaching Award MPC · 12878
12880 Juliegrady 1998 QM25 Julie Grady, American teacher, 2002 winner of an Intel Foundation Excellence in Teaching Award MPC · 12880
12881 Yepeiyu 1998 QF31 Ye Peiyu, Chinese teacher, 2002 winner of an Intel Foundation Excellence in Teaching Award MPC · 12881
12893 Mommert 1998 QS55 Michael Mommert (born 1982) has analysed Herschel and Spitzer space telescope observations of transneptunian and near-Earth objects, finding further evidence for links between these populations. He has provided insight into the physical properties of the Plutinos and the cometary component of the NEO population. JPL · 12893
12895 Balbastre 1998 QO99 Claude-Bénigme Balbastre (1729–1799) was a French composer who, after writing more-or-less academic organ work at Dijon, blossomed as a fashionable Parisian harpsichord teacher and cosmopolite. La Lugeac and La d´Héricourt rank among the very finest keyboard works of the 1750s JPL · 12895
12896 Geoffroy 1998 QV102 Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire (1772–1844), French naturalist who established in Philosophie anat-omique (2 volumes, 1818–1822) the principle of unity of organic composition among vertebrates (and later also invertebrates). Opposing Cuvier, Geoffroy's concepts created a receptive scientific audience for Darwin's evolution theory. JPL · 12896
12897 Bougeret 1998 RY5 Jean-Louis Bougeret (born 1945) is Director of the Laboratoire d´Etudes Spatiales et d´Instrumentation en Astrophysique at Paris Observatory. He is an expert in the solar wind and interplanetary medium, and is active in space research. The name was suggested by M. A. Barucci. JPL · 12897
12898 Mignard 1998 RK6 François Mignard (born 1949) is a French astronomer, former director of CERGA who has been involved with ESA's Hipparcos and Gaia missions. MPC · 12898
12900 Rishabjain 1998 RP28 Rishab Jain (born 2004) is an American youth inventor, who was an International Science and Engineering Fair and Broadcom MASTERS awardee. JPL · 12900


Named minor planet Provisional This minor planet was named for... Ref · Catalog
12908 Yagudina 1998 SG25 Eleonora Ivanovna Yagudina (born 1941) is a staff member at the Institute of Applied Astronomy of the Russian Academy of Sciences. She has worked extensively on the motions of solar system bodies, and devotes much of her time to educating young people in astronomy JPL · 12908
12909 Jaclifford 1998 SK58 Jack Clifford (born 1933), of Scottsdale, Arizona, is a pioneering cable television entrepreneur, avid amateur astronomer and a major contributor to numerous science and educational institutions. He has been of great service on the Lowell Trustee's Advisory Board, particularly in fund raising JPL · 12909
12910 Deliso 1998 SP59 Joseph John Deliso (1906–1994), contractor, manufacturer, public servant and philanthropist, served many years as Chairman of the Trustees of Springfield Technical Community College, Massachusetts, and was a major endower of that institution. The name was suggested by W. L. Putnam JPL · 12910
12911 Goodhue 1998 SQ59 Samuel Harlowe Goodhue (born 1921), engineer and alpinist of Jackson, New Hampshire, was Chairman of the Trails Committee and then the Huts Committee for the Appalachian Mountain Club. He has been generous with his time and talents to both the Mount Washington (meteorological) and Lowell observatories JPL · 12911
12912 Streator 1998 SR60 The US city of Streator, home town of Clyde W. Tombaugh (1906–1997), who discovered of Pluto JPL · 12912
12916 Eteoneus 1998 TL15 Eteoneus, son of Boethous and King Menelaus of Sparta's weapon-carrier during the Trojan War, who helped Odysseus in his attempts to return home JPL · 12916
12919 Tomjohnson 1998 VB6 Thomas J. Johnson (born 1923) developed a technique for creating Schmidt telescope correctors that allowed the mass production of Schmidt-Cassegrain telescopes. In 1978 the Optical Society of America awarded him the David Richardson Medal for this work JPL · 12919
12923 Zephyr 1999 GK4 The word zephyr derives from the name of the ancient Greek god of the west wind, Zephyros. The name was suggested by M. Smitherman JPL · 12923
12926 Brianmason 1999 SO9 Brian Harold Mason (1917–2009), New Zealand-born meteoriticist and lunar geologist MPC · 12926
12927 Pinocchio 1999 SU9 Pinocchio, character from Carlo Collodi's eponymous tale MPC · 12927
12928 Nicolapozio 1999 SV9 Nicola Pozio (born 1965), accountant for the Spaceguard Foundation MPC · 12928
12929 Periboea 1999 TZ1 Periboea was the grandmother of the Trojan ally Asteropaios and mother of Pelegon who she conceived by way of the river god Axius. IAU · 12929
12931 Mario 1999 TX10 Mario Sposetti (1916–1959), father of Swiss discoverer Stefano Sposetti MPC · 12931
12932 Conedera 1999 TC12 Marina Conedera (born 1962), wife of Swiss discoverer Stefano Sposetti MPC · 12932
12933 Muzzonigro 1999 TC16 Livio Muzzonigro (born 1932) an Italian teacher of mathematics and physics at Duca degli in Gorizia, who was a teacher of one of the discoverers of this minor planet at the Farra d'Isonzo Observatory. IAU · 12933
12934 Bisque 1999 TH16 Stephen Bisque (born 1960), Thomas Bisque (born 1963), Daniel Bisque (born 1965) and Matthew Bisque(born 1966). Since 1984, they have been developing and distributing software and instrumentation for the astronomical community that completely automates telescope control and CCD image acquisition. JPL · 12934
12935 Zhengzhemin 1999 TV17 Zheng Zhemin (born 1924), an academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Engineering and a foreign academician of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering, is one of the founders of the field of explosion mechanics. A leader of the field of mechanics in China, he has proposed and created new branches of mechanics JPL · 12935
12937 Premadi 3024 P-L Premana W. Premadi (born 1964) is an astronomer at the ITB Observatorium Bosscha (Indonesia), an authority on cosmology, and teacher of theoretical astrophysics. Since 2005, she has been a member of the Universe Awareness (UNAWE) International Team, and is the founder and chair of UNAWE Indonesia (2007–2013). JPL · 12937
12972 Eumaios 1973 SF1 Eumaeus (Eumaios), Odysseus's swineherd in Greek mythology. When Odysseus returned to Ithaca, Eumaios helped him to conquer the suitors of Penelope. JPL · 12972
12973 Melanthios 1973 SY1 Melanthius (Melanthios), Odysseus's goatherd in Greek mythology. He mocked Odysseus when the latter came to Eumaios disguised as a beggar. Later Odysseus killed him JPL · 12973
12974 Halitherses 1973 SB2 Halitherses, an Ithacan prophet in Greek mythology. He went together with Telemachos to search for Odysseus. He was also a friend of Odysseus himself. JPL · 12974
12975 Efremov 1973 SY5 Yurij Nikolaevich Efremov (born 1937), Russian astronomer and a leading research scientist at the Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow University. His works on variable stars and star-formation regions are well known. He discovered the period-age relationship for Cepheids and created the concept of large complexes of young stars. JPL · 12975
12976 Kalinenkov 1976 QK1 Nikifor Dmitrievich Kalinenkov (1924–1996) was professor of physics and astronomy at the Nikolaev State Pedagogical Institute in Ukraine. He was the first director of the Institute's astronomical observatory and contributed much to its instrumentation through "make-it-yourself" telescopes and other devices JPL · 12976
12978 Ivashov 1978 SD7 Vladimir Ivashov (1939–1995), a Russian Soviet actor who created a striking image of a defender of the motherland in the film Ballad about a soldier produced by Grigorij Chukhraj JPL · 12978
12979 Evgalvasilʹev 1978 SB8 Evgenij Aleksandrovich Vasilʹev, Ukrainian educator, creator of the Artek pioneer camp "Lesnoj" in Crimea JPL · 12979
12980 Pruetz 1978 VO3 Todd Orville Pruetz (born 1968) is the "Science Communications Publisher" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12980
12981 Tracicase 1978 VP3 Traci Case (born 1976) was a member of the Step-1 proposal team of the Lucy mission, as well as its "Cost, Schedule and Earned Value Lead, and Deputy Payload Manager" at the Southwest Research Institute. IAU · 12981
12982 Kaseybond 1979 MS5 Kasey J. Bond (born 1991) is a "Resource Analyst" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12982
12983 Mattcox 1979 OH1 Matthew Anthony Cox (born 1966) is one of the "Spacecraft Program Manager" for the Lucy mission, leading the development team at Lockheed Martin. IAU · 12983
12984 Lowry 1979 QF2 Stephen C. Lowry (born 1976), Irish astronomer who performs precise observations of cometary nuclei to reveal their bulk properties. He also studies physical and chemical properties of near-earth objects. MPC · 12984
12985 Mattgarrison 1980 UW1 Matthew Brian Garrison (born 1983) is the "L'Ralph Instrument Systems Engineer" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12985
12986 Kretke 1981 DM2 Katherine A. Kretke (born 1982) is an astrophysicist and the "communications and public engagement lead" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12986
12987 Racalmuto 1981 EF2 Racalmuto is a town in Sicily with Greek and Roman origins. The municipal astronomical observatory promotes astronomical research and dissemination. IAU · 12987
12988 Tiffanykapler 1981 EC5 Tiffany L. Kapler (born 1977) is the "Public Outreach Specialist" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12988
12989 Chriseanderson 1981 EV9 Chris Elaine Anderson (born 1957) is a typesetter and administrative assistant for the Lucy mission, who participated in the spacecraft's "Step-1 proposal" and the "Phase-A Concept Study Report". IAU · 12989
12990 Josetillard 1981 EB17 Jose P. Tillard (born 1976) is the "Risk Manager and Systems Engineer" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12990
12991 Davidgriffiths 1981 EN21 David J. Griffiths (born 1961) is the "Flight Project Mechanical Systems and Solar Arrays Systems Engineer" of the Lucy mission. IAU · 12991
12999 Toruń 1981 QJ2 The Polish city of Toruń, birthplace of astronomer Nicolas Copernicus (1473–1543), whose Old Town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and whose university houses the largest observatory in Poland JPL · 12999


  1. ^ "WGSBN Bulletin Archive". Working Group Small Body Nomenclature. 14 May 2021. Retrieved 16 May 2021.
  2. ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  3. ^ "JPL – Solar System Dynamics: Discovery Circumstances". Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 25 June 2019.
  4. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. (2003). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  5. ^ Schmadel, Lutz D. (2006). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – Addendum to Fifth Edition: 2003–2005. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. ISBN 978-3-540-34360-8. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  6. ^ Herget, Paul (1968). The Names of the Minor Planets. Cincinnati, Ohio: Minor Planet Center, Cincinnati Observatory. OCLC 224288991.
  7. ^ "Guide to Minor Body Astrometry – When can I name my discovery?". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  8. ^ "Minor Planet Naming Guidelines (Rules and Guidelines for naming non-cometary small Solar-System bodies) – v1.0" (PDF). Working Group Small Body Nomenclature (PDF). 20 December 2021.

Preceded by Meanings of minor planet names
List of minor planets: 12,001–13,000
Succeeded by