Meaford is a municipality in Grey County, Ontario, Canada. Meaford is located on Nottawasaga Bay, a sub-basin of Georgian Bay and Owen Sound Bay, in southern Ontario. The municipality's seal and motto reflect its heritage as a place of apple orchards, but in the 21st century the area has partly switched to weekend homes, seasonal homes, and lakeside tourism.
|Municipality of Meaford|
"Set your sights on Meaford"
|Formed||January 1, 2001|
|• Mayor||Barb Clumpus|
|• Federal riding||Bruce—Grey—Owen Sound|
|• Prov. riding||Bruce—Grey—Owen Sound|
|• Land||588.61 km2 (227.26 sq mi)|
|• Density||18.7/km2 (48/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Forward sortation area|
|Area code(s)||519 and 226|
In 1837, when this area was part of the St. Vincent Township, locals asked the government for a piece of land at the mouth of the Bighead River. The first settler was from Ireland, before the townsite was laid out by Charles Rankin in 1845 and called Meaford. By then, a sawmill and gristmill were already operating nearby; the post office there was called St. Vincent. Meaford saw little growth until 1850 but then began booming; it had a library by 1856.
The post office was renamed Meaford in 1865, after the birthplace of John Jervis, 1st Earl of St Vincent, for whom the township of St. Vincent is named; by then, the community was booming and had connection by steamship and roads with the railway at Collingwood. The community became a town in 1874.
In 1872, there were six churches; the railway arrived at Meaford, serving its population of 1700. By the early 1880s, Meaford boasted three planing mills, three carriage factories, two tanneries, a sawmill, a shingle mill, a woollen mill, two foundries, two flour mills, a dozen general stores, and a wide range of other stores and tradesmen. The community also had ten hotels. A public school was added in 1868 with 152 students within a year. A high school was opened in 1890.
In 2001, with the amalgamation of various municipalities in Southern Ontario, St. Vincent Township, Sydenham Township and the Town of Meaford, were amalgamated to form one municipality entity. Sydenham Township named in part for Lord Sydenham, governor of Canada from 1839 to 1841. St. Vincent Township was named after the Earl of St. Vincent and Meaford was named after his stately house. A township is an area of land (about 15 miles by 12 miles)that is divided into 100 acre farms (usually). For more than one hundred years the townships of Ontario were municipal entities with an elected council and a reeve. Sometimes a small area of a township was separated and incorporated as a town. The town was then a separate and distinct municipality. This was the case with Meaford in 1874 when it was separated from St. Vincent township. However it ceased to be a town at the time of amalgamation.
A transition team preparing for the new municipality voted in September 2000 to name it Georgian Highlands, with the name Meaford ranking second. Highland Hills, Georgian Shores, Bayview, Trillium, Big Head Valley, Georgian View, Cape Rich, Bay Shore Highlands, Georgian Bay Highlands, North Grey and Queen's Bush were other names considered.
But the council of the new Georgian Highlands municipality voted 4-3 on 5 February 2001 voted to name the amalgamated area Meaford, citing confusion with nearby municipalities such as Georgian Bluffs and Grey Highlands. A by-law to formalize the name change to Meaford for the amalgamated area was subsequently passed on 5 March 2001, also by a 4-3 vote.
Since that time confusion has continued in the use of the name "Meaford". At present the name "Meaford" is commonly used in reference to the urban area formerly known as the Town of Meaford, while the name "Municipality of Meaford" is commonly used in reference to the merged region resulting from amalgamation in 2001.
|Canada census – Meaford, Ontario community profile|
|Population:||10,991 (-1.0% from 2011)||11,100 (1.4% from 2006)||10,948 (5.5% from 2001)|
|Land area:||588.61 km2 (227.26 sq mi)||588.47 km2 (227.21 sq mi)|
|Population density:||18.9/km2 (49/sq mi)||18.6/km2 (48/sq mi)|
|Median age:||46.7 (M: 45.6, F: 47.7)|
|Total private dwellings:||5327||5193|
|Median household income:||$51,634|
|Notes: 2001 info for "Georgian Highlands (town)". – References: 2016 2011 2006 earlier|
- Population in 2011: 11,100
- Population in 2006: 10,948
- Population in 2001: 10,381
- Population total in 1996: 10,497
- Meaford (town): 4681
- St. Vincent (township): 2610
- Sydenham (township): 3206
- Population in 1991:
- Meaford (town): 4520
- St. Vincent (township): 2340
- Sydenham (township): 2991
The former mayors of Meaford were:
- 1998-2000: Doug Grant
- 2001-2003: Gerald Shortt (first Mayor since 2001 amalgamation)
- 2003-2008: Wally Reif
- 2008–2014: Francis Richardson
- 2014–present: Barb Clumpus
Meaford is on the eastern edge of the Bruce—Grey—Owen Sound federal and provincial electoral district.
A local public transit service makes stops within urban Meaford, but not in Sydenham or St Vincent. Greyhound Canada makes daily schedule stops at the town of Meaford on the route from Toronto to Owen Sound. Local taxis service the area around the town of Meaford.
Billy Bishop Regional Airport is located in the municipality on Highway 26 between the Town of Meaford and Owen Sound.
Meaford has two public schools with the Bluewater District School Board;
- St. Vincent-Euphrasia Elementary School (Grades JK - 3)
- Georgian Bay Community School (Grades 4 - 12)
- Several scenes from the Disney movie One Magic Christmas were filmed in Meaford.
The town is served by two community newspapers, the Meaford Express and the Meaford Independent, the latter originally an online only publication, however as of May 31, 2013 and the former being sold and eventually ceasing publication, is available both online and in print. CKNX-FM, originating from Wingham, Ontario to the south, has a low-power retransmitter on 104.9 FM to serve the municipality. Meaford is otherwise served principally by media from nearby Owen Sound. Rogers cable is available in the Town of Meaford while residents in the former St. Vincent and Sydenham have access only to Satellite TV.
- Beautiful Joe, a dog immortalized by the 1894 book of the same name
- Claude Bissell, author and educator
- Keith Bissell: composer, conductor, and music educator (1912–1992).
- James Conmee, former Member of Provincial Parliament
- Fred S. Haines (1879–1960) artist
- Tom Harpur, Author and religious columnist
- Don Knight, former Member of Provincial Parliament
- Brent Laing, curler
- Ron Lipsett, former Member of Provincial Parliament
- Marshall B. Lloyd, inventor of Lloyd Loom, Pres. Lloyd Mfg., Menominee, MI
- Herb Mitchell, former forward for the Boston Bruins
- John Muir, naturalist, author, "Father of the (U.S.) National Parks", left the US to avoid conscription during the Civil War and lived in a cabin near William Trout's mill, where he was working, in the Bighead Valley near Meaford during 1864-1866.
- Bill Murdoch, Member of Provincial Parliament
- Darren Pang, former goaltender for the Chicago Blackhawks and current NHL analyst
- Glenn Smith, former defenseman for the Toronto St. Patricks
- Tom Thomson, influential Canadian artist of the early 20th century
- Melville "Sparky" Vail, former defenseman for the New York Rangers
- Terry Wong, Canadian astronaut
- "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
- "Census Profile 2016; Meaford (Municipality)". Census 2016. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 22 November 2017.
- "Our History". www.meaford.ca. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
- "Historical Plaques of Grey County". www.waynecook.com. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
- "Mary Williams Trout: Diaries of a Small Town Lady | Grey Roots". greyroots.com. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
- Woodhouse, Scott (2000-09-13). "Georgian Highlands selected as new name". The Meaford Express. Archived from the original on 2007-10-09. Retrieved 2008-01-19.
- "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017.
- "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-15.
- "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
- Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
- Fell, Chris (2000-11-15). "Gerald Shortt elected first Mayor of Georgian Highlands". The Meaford Express. Archived from the original on 2007-10-09. Retrieved 2008-01-19.
- Wally Reif resigns, effective now, Owen Sound Sun Times
- "Conmee Family Photo Gallery". 2007-12-19. Retrieved 2008-01-19.
- "Biographies: Lloyd, Marshall Burns". mlloyd.org, sourced from Who's Who in America, 1926-27. Retrieved 2014-05-10.
- "John Muir's Wild Years - Mountain Life". Mountain Life. 21 July 2015. Retrieved 19 October 2017.
- Mather, Dave. "John Muir in Canada". www.meaford.com. Retrieved 19 October 2017.