McLaughlin, South Dakota

McLaughlin (Lakota: matȟó Akíčita or Makáȟleča;[7] "Bear Soldier") is a city in northeastern Corson County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 663 at the 2010 census. It is the largest city on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation. Most Lakȟóta speakers refer to the town as Makáȟleča or Matȟó Akíčita.

McLaughlin, South Dakota

Matȟó Akicita
Main Street in McLaughlin
Main Street in McLaughlin
Location in Corson County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Corson County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 45°48′47″N 100°48′41″W / 45.81306°N 100.81139°W / 45.81306; -100.81139Coordinates: 45°48′47″N 100°48′41″W / 45.81306°N 100.81139°W / 45.81306; -100.81139
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Dakota
CountyCorson
Incorporated1909[1]
Area
 • Total0.40 sq mi (1.05 km2)
 • Land0.40 sq mi (1.05 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
2,001 ft (610 m)
Population
 • Total663
 • Estimate 
(2019)[4]
653
 • Density1,616.34/sq mi (623.65/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
57642
Area code(s)605
FIPS code46-40020[5]
GNIS feature ID1256396[6]

HistoryEdit

The town is named after a US Indian Service Agent James McLaughlin,[8] who supervised the Standing Rock Indian Agency from 1881 to 1895. He moved to Washington, DC, where he was Inspector of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and Department of the Interior. After his death in 1923, his body was returned here for burial.

GeographyEdit

McLaughlin is located at 45°48′47″N 100°48′41″W / 45.81306°N 100.81139°W / 45.81306; -100.81139 (45.813029, -100.811447).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.40 square miles (1.04 km2), all of it land.[10]

McLaughlin has been assigned the ZIP code 57642 and the FIPS place code 40020.

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920555
193067822.2%
1940660−2.7%
19507138.0%
196098337.9%
1970863−12.2%
1980754−12.6%
19907803.4%
2000775−0.6%
2010663−14.5%
Est. 2019653[4]−1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2010 censusEdit

At the 2010 census,[3] there were 663 people, 233 households and 154 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,657.5 per square mile (640.0/km2). There were 270 housing units at an average density of 675.0 per square mile (260.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 28.1% White, 65.3% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races, and 4.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.8% of the population.

There were 233 households of which 43.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.9% were married couples living together, 21.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 10.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.9% were non-families. 29.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.84 and the average family size was 3.54.

The median age was 31 years. 31.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.6% were from 25 to 44; 24.2% were from 45 to 64; and 11.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.2% male and 50.8% female.

2000 censusEdit

At the 2000 census,[5] there were 775 people, 268 households and 181 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,835.1 per square mile (712.5/km²). There were 291 housing units at an average density of 689.1 per square mile (267.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 41.29% White, 0.13% African American, 55.74% Native American, 0.13% from other races, and 2.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.77% of the population.

There were 268 households of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.7% were married couples living together, 20.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.48.

33.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 18.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males.

The median household income was $22,500 and the median family income was $31,111. Males had a median income of $22,500 and females $18,229. The per capita income was $10,682. About 15.8% of families and 25.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.8% of those under age 18 and 30.0% of those age 65 or over.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "SD Towns" (PDF). South Dakota State Historical Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 10, 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-14.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  3. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 21, 2012.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: McLaughlin
  7. ^ Ullrich, Jan F. (2014). New Lakota Dictionary (2nd ed.). Bloomington, IN: Lakota Language Consortium. ISBN 978-0-9761082-9-0. Archived from the original on 2016-10-18. Retrieved 2014-02-13.
  8. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1940). South Dakota place-names, v.1-3. University of South Dakota. p. 49. Archived from the original on October 27, 2016.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved June 21, 2012.
  11. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 12, 2016.

External linksEdit

  Media related to McLaughlin, South Dakota at Wikimedia Commons