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McGill University Faculty of Medicine


The Faculty of Medicine is one of the constituent faculties of McGill University. It was established in 1829 after the Montreal Medical Institution was incorporated into McGill College as the College's first faculty; it was the first medical faculty to be established in Canada.[1] The Faculty awarded McGill's first degree, and Canada's first medical degree to William Leslie Logie in 1833.[2] His dissertation, "Medical inaugural dissertation on Cynanche trachealis" can be found in the McGill Library institutional repository, eScholarship@McGill.

McGill University Faculty of Medicine
Faculté de médecine de l'Université McGill  (French)
TypePublic
Established1829; 190 years ago (1829)
DeanDavid Eidelman
Students688 MDCM, 35 MD-PhD, 10 MD-MBA
Location, ,
CampusUrban
Websitehttps://www.mcgill.ca/medicine/

The faculty includes three schools, the School of Communication Sciences and Disorders, School of Nursing, and the School of Physical and Occupational Therapy. It also includes several research centres involved in studies on, for example, pain, neuroscience, and aging. Most of the non-clinical parts of the faculty are housed in the McIntyre Medical Sciences Building ("The Beer Can", “McMed”), situated on McGill's downtown campus on the south side of Mount Royal between Avenue des Pins and Avenue Docteur-Penfield.[3]

The McGill University Health Centre is affiliated with the faculty, and is composed of the Montreal General Hospital, the new GLEN super hospital (the Royal Victoria Hospital, the Montreal Chest Institute and Montreal Children's Hospital), as well as the Montreal Neurological Hospital and the Lachine Hospital . Other major health care facilities also affiliated with the faculty include the Jewish General Hospital, the Douglas Hospital, St. Mary's Hospital, Lakeshore General Hospital, as well as health care facilities part of the Centre intégré de santé et services sociaux de l'Outaouais. In April 2006, the Quebec government approved plans to commence the first phase of construction of the new, redeveloped McGill University Health Centre (MUHC) — which has been completed in 2015.[4]

HistoryEdit

 
McGill's medical building 1872-1906

The Montreal Medical Institution, was established in 1823 by four physicians, Andrew Fernando Holmes, John Stephenson, William Caldwell and William Robertson, all of whom had been trained at the University of Edinburgh Medical School, and were involved in the foundation of the Montreal General Hospital.[5] In 1829 it was incorporated into McGill College as the new College's first faculty; it thus became the first Faculty of Medicine in Canada. A highly didactic approach to medical education called the "Edinburgh curriculum", which consisted of two six-month courses of basic science lectures and two years of "walking the wards" at The Montreal General Hospital, was instituted. From 1833 to 1877 the Faculty followed the pattern set by the University of Edinburgh and required graduating students to submit an 'inaugural dissertation' - a database of these is available.[6]

Sir William Dawson, the principal of McGill, was instrumental in garnering resources for the faculty and pioneering contributions from Thomas Roddick, Francis Shepherd, George Ross and Sir William Osler helped to transform the Victorian era medical school into a leader in modern medical education. Osler graduated from the MDCM program at McGill University Faculty of Medicine in 1872, and co-founded the present-day Johns Hopkins School of Medicine in 1893.

EducationEdit

McGill University Faculty of Medicine offers a four-year medical M.D., C.M. degree (MDCM). MDCM is an abbreviation of the Latin Medicinae Doctor et Chirurgiae Magister, which means "doctor of medicine and master of surgery." The Faculty of Medicine also offers joint degree programs with other disciplines including business M.D.-M.B.A. and science/engineering M.D.-Ph.D.. There is also an accelerated program for selected graduates of the Quebec junior college (CEGEP) system (PRE-MED-ADM or MED-P) that combines one year of science curriculum with the four-year M.D., C.M. degrees.

In keeping with its history of educational and instructional relationship, the Faculty of Medicine is closely affiliated with the McGill University Faculty of Dentistry. Students in the Faculty of Dentistry receive instruction together with the Medical students for the first 18 months of their education. [7]

ReputationEdit

McGill's Faculty of Medicine has a strong national and international reputation with an impressive list of faculty and alumni, many of whom were pioneers in their respective fields. It is also ranked as the number 1 medical school nationally in Canada by Maclean's for 15 straight years (including the most recent ranking in 2020). [8] McGill's Medical School has also consistently ranked in the top 20 medical schools worldwide and ranked 19th worldwide on a recent QS World University Ranking of top medical schools world-wide. [9] Particularly, among McGill University's renowned reputation of Rhodes Scholars, McGill's Faculty of Medicine has also produced a number of Rhodes Scholars including one in the recent 2018 cohort.[10] For medical school students entering in 2018, the mean undergraduate GPA was 3.88, and the mean MCAT score was 32.1 (85th-88th percentile).[11][12]

Notable faculty and alumniEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cruess, Richard L. "Brief history of Medicine at McGill". McGill University. Retrieved 15 September 2015.
  2. ^ Crawford, DS. Montreal, medicine and William Leslie Logie: McGill's first graduate and Canada's first medical graduate. 175th. anniversary. [Osler Library Newsletter, No. 109, 2] https://www.mcgill.ca/library/files/library/No1092008.pdf
  3. ^ http://cac.mcgill.ca/campus/buildings/mcintyre_medical_sciences.html
  4. ^ "The MUHC redevelopment project", "McGill University Health Centre", 2008. Accessed May 17, 2008.
  5. ^ "John Stephenson's Secret". McGill. McGill University. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
  6. ^ MD and MDCM graduates and their theses 1833-1877. http://internatlibs.mcgill.ca/McGill-medical-theses/mcgill-theses.html
  7. ^ {{cite web|url=https://www.cda-adc.ca/jcda/vol-70/issue-8/525.pdf |title= Canadian Dental Association - Dentistry at McGill — The First 100 Years |accessdate=August 1, 2019
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Retrieved October 25, 2019.
  9. ^ {{cite web|url=https://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/university-subject-rankings/2019/medicine#sorting=rank+region=+country=+faculty=+stars=false+search= |title= University Subject Rankings 2019 Medicine |accessdate=August 1, 2019
  10. ^ {{cite web|url=https://www.mcgilltribune.com/news/mcgill-announces-its-2018-rhodes-scholars-112817/ |title= McGill announces its 2018 Rhodes Scholars |accessdate=August 1, 2019
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on June 11, 2011. Retrieved July 2, 2011.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ https://www.aamc.org/students/download/85332/data
  13. ^ Boyd DR; Cowley RA (1983). "Comprehensive regional trauma emergency medical services (EMS) delivery systems: the United States experience". World Journal of Surgery. 7, (1): 149–157.
  14. ^ http://patch.com/georgia/roswell/betty-price-run-state-house-seat-0

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit