Maze Hill railway station
Maze Hill railway station, in the Maze Hill area of Greenwich, London, is the closest station to Greenwich Park, being about two minutes walk from the north-east corner of the park. It is 4 miles 38 chains (7.2 km) down the line from London Bridge.
|Number of platforms||2|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|1 January 1873||Opened as Greenwich (Maze Hill) - terminus station|
|1 February 1878||renamed Maze Hill & East Greenwich and became through station|
|London transport portal|
Maze Hill station opened in 1873 by the South Eastern Railway (SER) and for five years functioned as a terminus on a line linked to the North Kent Line just west of Charlton. On 1 February 1878 a cut-and-cover tunnel link between Greenwich and Maze Hill was opened, completing a through line from the original London and Greenwich Railway to the North Kent Line.
In 1899 the SER handed over its operations to a new organisation co-owned with the London, Chatham and Dover Railway (LCDR), which traded as the South Eastern and Chatham Railway (SECR); the line and station continued to be owned and maintained by the SER.
In the 1923 Grouping, the SER and LCDR amalgamated with other railways to form the Southern Railway (SR). Three years later in 1926 the line through Maze Hill was electrified using the 750 V DC third rail system. A limited electric service started on 10 May with a full electric service being operated from 19 July.
In 1948 following nationalisation the station became part of British Railways (Southern Region).
On 4 July 1958 there was a collision between two trains at Maze Hill. The 09.41 electric passenger train from Gravesend Central to Charing Cross ran past the Up Home signal at danger and collided head-on with a nine-coach empty steam passenger stock train which was being shunted slowly from the Up Sidings across the Up line towards the Down line. The accident occurred as the empty train was entering the crossover leading from the Up to the Down line. The passenger train was approaching the station at about 40 mph when the motorman (driver), who had failed to observe the home signal, saw the obstruction ahead and applied the brakes. His action was too late to be effective and the collision occurred at a speed of about 25 mph. Forty-three people were injured although none seriously.
Following a fire, the station was rebuilt with a glass-walled booking hall as a prototype for the rebuilding of similar Southern suburban stations. The new building was opened by the Mayor of Greenwich on 14 July 1972.
In 1982 following the establishment of three passenger business sectors, Maze Hill was part of the London & South Eastern business sector which became Network SouthEast in 1986. Following the privatisation of British Rail in 1994 operation of the infrastructure became the responsibility of Railtrack, whilst passenger services were operated by Connex South Eastern. In 2003 the Strategic Rail Authority terminated the Connex franchise and for the next three years the train service was run by a state owned company South Eastern Trains. Operation then transferred to Southeastern on 1 April 2006 and they are currently (in 2014) contracted to run trains until June 2018. Following financial problems Network Rail took over operation of the infrastructure in 2002.
The station lies at the eastern end of a tunnel underneath the grounds of the National Maritime Museum - itself only a 5- to 10-minute walk away through the park.
The typical off-peak service from the station is:
- 4tph (trains per hour) to London Cannon Street
- 2tph to Luton via London Bridge, St Pancras International, St Albans City and Luton Airport.
- 2tph to Slade Green, returning to London Cannon Street via Sidcup
- 2tph to Barnehurst, returning to London Cannon Street via Bexleyheath
- 2tph to Rainham via Dartford and Gravesend
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Maze Hill railway station.|
- "London and South East" (PDF). National Rail. September 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 March 2009.
- "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- http://rail.felgall.com/ser.htm SER Lines and Stations
- http://www.greenwich-guide.org.uk/february.htm#1 Greenwich Guide
- Dendy Marshall, C.F.; Kidner, R.W. (1963) . History of the Southern Railway. Shepperton: Ian Allan. p. 355. ISBN 0-7110-0059-X.
- Dendy Marshall & Kidner 1963, p. 391
- Mitchell, Vic; Smith, Keith (1990). Charing Cross to Dartford. Midhurst,UK: Middleton Press. p. 2. ISBN 0 906520 75 4.
- Ministry of Transport and Civil Aviation. "Report on the Collision which occurred on 4th July 1958 at Maze Hill in the Southern Region British Railways" (PDF). railwaysarchive.co.uk. HMSO London. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
- Slater, J.N., ed. (September 1972). "Prototype Southern suburban station opened". Notes and News. Railway Magazine. Vol. 118 no. 857. IPC Transport Press. p. 489.
- Department for Transport announces integrated Kent franchise - Publications - Department for Transport