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Mogadishu City Hall, where the mayor's office is located.

The Mayor of the Mogadishu is head of the executive branch of Mogadishu, the capital of Somalia. The mayor's office administers all city services, public property, police and fire protection, most public agencies, and enforces laws within the city. The current mayor is Omar Muhamoud Finnish, who was appointed on 22 August 2019 and succeeded the Martyr Mayor Abdirahman Omar Osman, who was died on 1 August 2019 due to a suicide bombing occurred 24 July 2019 inside the mayor's office.

The mayor's office is located in Mogadishu City Hall, which was recently renovated after years of abandonment and decay during the Somali Civil War. The mayor is not elected, but is appointed by the President of Somalia. The mayor also holds the title of Governor of Benaadir, an administrative region whose territory encompasses the entirety of the city of Mogadishu.

Contents

History of the officeEdit

The first mayor of Mogadishu was Romeo Campani, an Italian expatriate who was appointed by General Rodolfo Graziani, the Governor of Italian Somaliland. Beginning in 1953 with the appointment of Cali Cumar Sheegow, the office of mayor has been held by native Somalis. After Somalian independence from Italy in 1960, the mayor has been appointed by the President of Somalia.

List of mayorsEdit

Colonial mayorsEdit

The following mayors of Mogadishu were appointed by the Governor of Italian Somaliland. From 1941 to 1949, resulting from World War II, the British occupied the territory and appointed the mayors, who remained Italians. Beginning in 1953, native Somalis were appointed to the office.

# Mayor Term Governor
1 Romeo Campani 1 December 1936 – 15 December 1937 Rodolfo Graziani

Angelo de Ruben

Ruggiero Santini

2 Rag Scarpa 15 December 1937 – 1 March 1937 Francesco Saviero Caroselli
3 Dr. Sicar 1 March 1937 – 3 June 1937
4 Luigi Barbino 3 June 1937 – 1937
5 Marcelio Baudino 1937 – December 1938
6 Sanatore Guliano December 1938 – February 1941
Gustavo Pesenti

Carlo De Simone

7 Pietro Bartelli February 1941 – April 1950 Sir Reginald Dorman-Smith

William Eric Halstead Scuphan

Denis Henry Widcham

Eric Armar Vully de Candole

Geoffrey Massey Gamble

Giovanni Fornari
8 Oliveri Olivierio April 1950 – June 1950
9 Enrico Aliviero June 1950 – November 1953
10 Carlo Vecco November 1953 – 1953
11 Cali Cumar Sheegow 1953–1956 Enrico Martino
12 Maxamed Sheekh Jamaal Cabdulaahi 1956–1960
Enrico Anzilotti

Mario Di Stefano

Post-independence mayorsEdit

Since Somalia's independence on 1 July 1960, mayors of Mogadishu have been appointed by the President of Somalia:

# Image Mayor Term Party President
13 Axmed Muudde Xuseen 1960 – August 1962 Somali Youth League Aden Abdullah Osman Daar
14 Keynadiid Axmed Yuusuf August 1962 – September 1963 Somali Youth League
15 Shariif Maxamed Imaankeey September 1963 – 1965 Somali Youth League
16 Cumar Xasan Maxamuud 1965 – February 1966 Somali Youth League
17 Shariif Maxamed Caydaruus 1966–1970 Somali Youth League Abdirashid Ali Shermarke

Sheikh Mukhtar Mohamed Hussein

18 Axmed Maxamuud Cadde 20 November 1970 – 8 December 1970 Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party Siad Barre
19 Osman Mohamed Jeelle 8 December 1970 – 1973[1] Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party
20   Hassan Abshir Farah 28 March 1973 – February 1976[citation needed] Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party
21 Yusuf Ibrahim Aburas February 1976 – May 1981[citation needed] Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party
22 Cabdullaahi Salaad Warsame May 1981 – 1982 Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party
23   Hassan Abshir Farah 1982–1987[citation needed] Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party
24 Ali Ougas Abdul 1987 – 16 January 1990[2][3] Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party
25 Said Umar Afrah 16 January 1990 – 18 October 1990[3] Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party
26 Ahmed Jilacow Addow 18 October 1990 – 26 January 1991[4] Somali Revolutionary Socialist Party
27 Omar Hashi Aden 1992–1994 United Somali Congress Ali Mahdi Muhammad
28 Hussein Ali Ahmed 1994 United Somali Congress
29 Abdullahi Muse Hussein 2000– 2004[5] United Somali Congress
Ali Mahdi Muhammad

Abdiqasim Salad Hassan

30 Ibrahim Shaweye c. June 2005[6] Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed
31 Adde Gabow 15 January 2007 – May 2007
32 Mohamed Omar Habeb May 2007 – 30 July 2008
Mohamed Osman Ali Dhakahtur 2008 – 2010 (acting) Adan Mohamed Nuur Madobe

Sharif Sheikh Ahmed

33   Mohamed Nur 2010 – 27 February 2014 Sharif Sheikh Ahmed

Hassan Sheikh Mohamud

34   Hassan Mohamed Hussein 27 February 2014 – November 2015 Independent Hassan Sheikh Mohamud
35   Yusuf Hussein Jimaale November 2015 – 5 April 2017 Peace and Development Party
36 Thabit Abdi Mohammed 15 April 2017 – 19 January 2018 Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
37 Abdirahman Omar Osman 20 January 2018 – 1 August 2019 Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
38 Omar Muhamoud Finnish 22 August 2019- Current Mayor Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed

Vice mayorsEdit

 
Iman Nur Ikar

The mayor of Mogadishu is assisted by a vice mayor or deputy mayor. The current vice mayor is Iman Nur Ikar.

Notable former vice mayorsEdit

Living former mayorsEdit

Living former mayors of Mogadishu include: Hassan Mohamed Hussein, Hassan Abshir Farah, Yusuf Hussein Jimaale, and Mohamed Nur.

In popular cultureEdit

Towards the end of the Somali Rebellion, President Siad Barre was sometimes mockingly referred to by many as the "Mayor of Mogadishu," based on the fact that Barre controlled little territory outside the capital.[7] By 1989, when the United Somali Congress had captured most surrounding towns and villages, this had become a common saying in Somalia, and on 29 September 1990, the British newspaper The Economist used the phrase in reference to Barre.[8]

During the early 1990s, after the overthrow of the Siad regime and during the Somali famine, Dan Eldon, a British photojournalist who covered the famine and conflict, became popular among Mogadishans that he was nicknamed the "Mayor of Mogadishu."[9][10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Abukar, Hassan (2015-05-26). Mogadishu Memoir. AuthorHouse. ISBN 9781504911559.
  2. ^ Refugees, United Nations High Commissioner for. "Refworld | Somalia: Information on the mayor of Mogadishu during 1990-1992 and whether the city of Mogadishu issued identity cards and the reasons behind their issuance". Refworld. Retrieved 2017-07-28.
  3. ^ a b Refugees, United Nations High Commissioner for. "Refworld | Somalia: Update to SOM27549 of 27 August 1997 on place of issue of Somali birth certificates; update to SOM12922.E of 27 January 1993 on the names of the mayors of Mogadishu in 1988 and 1990". Refworld. Retrieved 2017-08-01.
  4. ^ Kapteijns, Lidwien (2012-12-18). Clan Cleansing in Somalia: The Ruinous Legacy of 1991. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 133. ISBN 0812207580.
  5. ^ Barise, Hassan (2001-09-03). "Taxman returns to Mogadishu". BBC News.
  6. ^ "WORLD ENVIRONMENT DAY in Mogadishu, Mogadishu University and SCWE". www.somwe.com. Retrieved 2017-07-28.
  7. ^ Harper, Mary (2012-02-09). Getting Somalia Wrong?: Faith, War and Hope in a Shattered State. Zed Books Ltd. ISBN 9781780321059.
  8. ^ Harper, Mary (2012-02-09). Getting Somalia Wrong?: Faith, War and Hope in a Shattered State. Zed Books Ltd. p. 117. ISBN 9781780321059.
  9. ^ "Young photographer exposed Somalia's horrors". CNN. 1997-12-07. Retrieved 2017-08-01.
  10. ^ Lorch, Donatella (1993-08-22). "Endpaper/Life and Times; Four Friends". The New York Times. Retrieved 2017-08-01.