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Mayo (UK Parliament constituency)

HistoryEdit

The constituency was created at the Act of Union 1800, replacing the earlier Mayo constituency in the pre-union Parliament of Ireland. Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 it was divided into four new single-seat constituencies: see East Mayo, North Mayo, South Mayo and West Mayo.

BoundariesEdit

This constituency comprised the whole of County Mayo.

Members of ParliamentEdit

ElectionsEdit

The elections in this constituency took place using the first past the post electoral system.[citation needed]

Elections in the 1840sEdit

Brabazon's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 16 December 1840: Mayo[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Repeal Mark Blake Unopposed
Irish Repeal hold
General election 1841: Mayo[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Repeal Mark Blake Unopposed
Irish Repeal Robert Dillon Browne Unopposed
Registered electors 1,064
Irish Repeal hold
Irish Repeal hold

Blake resigned by accepting the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds, causing a by-election.

By-election, 2 March 1846: Mayo[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Irish Repeal Joseph Myles McDonnell 477 53.4 N/A
Whig George Henry Moore 417 46.6 N/A
Majority 60 6.7 N/A
Turnout 894 57.6 N/A
Registered electors 1,551 (1847 figure)
Irish Repeal hold Swing N/A
General Election 1847: Mayo[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig George Henry Moore 504 61.3 N/A
Irish Repeal Robert Dillon Browne 254 30.9 N/A
Irish Repeal Joseph Myles McDonnell 53 6.4 N/A
Irish Repeal John Denis Browne 11 1.3 N/A
Majority 250 30.4 N/A
Turnout 411 (est) 26.5 (est) N/A
Registered electors 1,551
Whig gain from Irish Repeal Swing N/A
Irish Repeal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1850sEdit

Browne's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 29 July 1850: Mayo[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig George Gore Ousley Higgins 141 60.3 −1.0
Conservative Isaac Butt 93 39.7 N/A
Majority 48 20.5 −9.9
Turnout 234 15.1 −11.4
Registered electors 1,551
Whig gain from Irish Repeal Swing N/A
General election 1852: Mayo[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Irish George Henry Moore 692 40.7 −20.6
Independent Irish George Gore Ousley Higgins 649 38.2 N/A
Conservative James McAlpine 360 21.2 N/A
Majority 289 17.0 −13.4
Turnout 960 (est) 68.8 (est) +42.3
Registered electors 1,395
Independent Irish gain from Whig Swing N/A
Independent Irish gain from Irish Repeal Swing N/A
General election 1857: Mayo[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Roger Palmer 1,225 35.9 +14.7
Independent Irish George Henry Moore 1,150 33.7 −7.0
Whig George Gore Ousley Higgins 1,037 30.4 −7.8
Turnout 1,706 (est) 73.0 (est) +4.2
Registered electors 2,338
Majority 75 2.2 N/A
Conservative gain from Independent Irish Swing +14.8
Majority 113 3.3 −13.7
Independent Irish hold Swing −7.2

On petition, Moore was unseated, causing a by-election.

By-election, 30 December 1857: Mayo[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig John Browne Unopposed
Whig gain from Independent Irish
General election 1859: Mayo[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Browne Unopposed
Conservative Roger Palmer Unopposed
Registered electors 3,779
Liberal hold
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1860sEdit

General election 1865: Mayo[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal John Browne Unopposed
Conservative George Bingham Unopposed
Registered electors 3,679
Liberal hold
Conservative hold
General election 1868: Mayo[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Henry Moore Unopposed
Conservative George Bingham Unopposed
Registered electors 3,783
Liberal hold
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1870sEdit

Moore's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 12 May 1870: Mayo[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal George Eakins Browne Unopposed
Liberal hold
General election 1874: Mayo[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule George Eakins Browne Unopposed
Home Rule Thomas Tighe Unopposed
Registered electors 3,608
Home Rule gain from Conservative
Home Rule gain from Liberal

On petition, Browne and Tighe were unseated.

By-election, 29 May 1874: Mayo[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule George Eakins Browne 1,330 33.9 N/A
Home Rule John O'Connor Power 1,319 33.6 N/A
Home Rule Thomas Tighe 1,279 32.6 N/A
Majority 40 1.0 N/A
Turnout 1,964 (est) 54.4 (est) N/A
Registered electors 3,608
Home Rule hold
Home Rule hold

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1880: Mayo[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule John O'Connor Power 1,645 42.9 N/A
Home Rule Charles Stewart Parnell 1,565 40.8 N/A
Home Rule George Eakins Browne 628 16.4 N/A
Majority 937 24.4 N/A
Turnout 2,273 (est) 70.6 (est) N/A
Registered electors 3,221
Home Rule hold Swing N/A
Home Rule hold Swing N/A

Parnell was also elected MP for Cork City and opted to sit there, causing a by-election.

By-election, 25 May 1880: Mayo[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule Isaac Nelson Unopposed
Registered electors 3,221
Home Rule hold

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f Smith, Henry Stooks (1842). The Register of Parliamentary Contested Elections (Second ed.). Simpkin, Marshall & Company. pp. 235–236. Retrieved 6 October 2018 – via Google Books.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127.
  3. ^ Following the general election in April 1857, the election of George Henry Moore was declared void on 14 July 1857. The writ was suspended until December 1857
  4. ^ "Galway Mercury, and Connaught Weekly Advertiser". 17 July 1847. p. 4. Retrieved 6 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  5. ^ "Ireland". Worcestershire Chronicle. 11 March 1846. p. 7. Retrieved 6 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  6. ^ "Leeds Intelligencer". 28 August 1847. p. 4. Retrieved 6 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  7. ^ "Notice". Tipperary Free Press. 10 July 1850. p. 3. Retrieved 6 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  8. ^ "Dublin Weekly Nation". 20 July 1850. p. 8. Retrieved 6 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  9. ^ "The Mayo Election". Galway Vindicator, and Connaught Advertiser. 31 July 1850. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 6 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  10. ^ "Northern Whig". 9 January 1858. p. 2. Retrieved 6 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  11. ^ Following the general election in February 1874, the election of the two sitting members (Browne and Tighe) was declared void on 7 May 1874
  12. ^ Parnell was also returned for both Meath and Cork. He chose to sit for Cork
  13. ^ There was no election in 1882, but in that year the Home Rule League was renamed as the Irish Parliamentary Party

ReferencesEdit