Maximilien Joseph Hurtault

Maximilien Joseph Hurtault (8 June 1765, Huningue - 2 May 1824, Paris) was a French architect.

Maximilien Joseph Hurtault, by Merry-Joseph Blondel (after 1800)
Monument to the Abbé Guénée

BiographyEdit

His earliest work was with the Director of fortifications in Huningue. After his arrival in Paris, he became a student of Richard Mique, and was employed by him for work at the Petit Trianon.

Under the Directorate, he served as a professor at the École Polytechnique. Later, he became an architectural inspector for the Conseil des Anciens, and the Conseil des Cinq-Cents at the Palais Bourbon. He also participated in the restoration of the Palais des Tuileries; notably, the decorations for the chapel and the theatre, under the direction of Charles Percier and Pierre-François-Léonard Fontaine.[1]

After obtaining a grand prize for architecture, he spent almost two years in Italy. Upon returning, he was appointed an official architect at the Château de Fontainebleau, where he performed several restorations; notably on the pavilion at the pond, and the long hallway known as the Galerie de Diane. He also designed the "English Garden".

He was a member of the jury at the École Nationale Supérieure des Beaux-Arts, and was entrusted with the general inspection of civic buildings. In 1819, he was admitted to the Institut de France, and took Seat #1 for architecture, succeeding Jacques Gondouin.[2] The following year, he became Director of Works for Saint-Cloud. Shortly after, Louis XVIII commissioned him to create a garden there, for Louise d'Artois and her newborn brother, Henri, duc de Bordeaux.[3] After his death, the project was completed by Eugène Dubreuil (1782-1862).

He was interred in the 11th Division at the Cimetière du Père-Lachaise.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jean Chrétien Ferdinand Hoefer, Nouvelle biographie générale depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu'à nos jours, Firmin-Didot Frères, 1858
  2. ^ Marie-Antoine-François Mazois, Discours prononcé aux funérailles de M. Hurtault, inspecteur général, membre du Conseil des bâtiments civils et de l'Institut royal de France (Online)
  3. ^ Page des Amis du Parc de Saint Cloud.

Further readingEdit

  • Gabrielli, Domenico (2002). Dictionnaire historique du cimetière du Père-Lachaise (in French). Paris. éd. de l'Amateur. p. 334. ISBN 978-2-85917-346-3. OCLC 49647223.
  • Henri Herluison (1824). Catalogue des livres composant la bibliothèque composant la bibliothèque des livres de feu M. Hurtault (in French). Paris. J.S. Merlin.
  • Quatremère de Quincy (1826). Séance publique de l'Académie royale des beaux-arts (in French). Paris. chez Firmin Didot. p. 1-10.
  • Elisabeth Buchi, "Maximilien Joseph Hurtault", in Nouveau dictionnaire de biographie alsacienne, vol. 18, p. 1724

External linksEdit

  Media related to Maximilien Joseph Hurtault at Wikimedia Commons