Maud Chaworth

Maud de Chaworth (2 February 1282 – 3 December 1322) was an English noblewoman and wealthy heiress. She was the only child of Patrick de Chaworth. Sometime before 2 March 1297, she married Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, by whom she had seven children.

Maud Chaworth
Born2 February 1282
Died3 December 1322 (aged 40)
Spouse(s)Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster
Issue
FatherPatrick de Chaworth, Lord of Kidwelly
MotherIsabella de Beauchamp

ParentsEdit

Maud was the daughter of Sir Patrick de Chaworth, Baron of Kidwelly, in Carmarthenshire, South Wales, and Isabella de Beauchamp. Her maternal grandfather was William de Beauchamp, 9th Earl of Warwick. Her father died on 7 July 1283; he was thought to be 30 years old. His paternal line was from the Castle of Chaources, now Sourches, in the Commune of St. Symphorien, near Le Mans in the County of Maine at the time of the Angevin Empire.[1] Three years later, in 1286, Isabella de Beauchamp married Hugh Despenser the Elder and had two sons and four daughters by him. This made Maud the half-sister of Hugh the younger Despenser. Her mother died in 1306.

ChildhoodEdit

Maud was only a year old when her father died, and his death left her a wealthy heiress. However, because she was an infant, she became a ward of Eleanor of Castile, wife of Edward I.

After Queen Eleanor's death in 1290, the King granted the right to arrange Maud's marriage to his brother Edmund Crouchback, Earl of Lancaster on 30 December 1292. Edmund was the son of Eleanor of Provence and Henry III. He first married Aveline de Forz, Countess of Albemarle, in 1269. Later, in Paris on 3 February 1276, he married Blanche of Artois, who was a niece of Louis IX of France and Queen of Navarre by her first marriage. Blanche and Edmund had four children together, one of whom was Henry, who would later become Maud Chaworth's husband.

Marriage and issueEdit

Edmund Crouchback betrothed Maud to his son Henry.[2] Henry and Maud were married sometime before 2 March 1297. Henry was a little older, having probably been born in 1280 or 1281. Maud brought her father's property to the marriage, including land in Hampshire, Glamorgan, Wiltshire, and Carmarthenshire. Maud is often described as the "Countess of Leicester" or "Countess of Lancaster", but she never bore the titles as she died in 1322, before her husband received them.

Maud and Henry had seven children:

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Chaworth Musters, L (1903). "Articles from the Transactions of the Thoroton Society: Chaworth family". Nottinghamshire History. Retrieved 25 October 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ Waugh, Scott (2006) [2004]. "Henry of Lancaster". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/12959. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

ReferencesEdit

  • Commire, Anne, and Deborah Klezmer, eds. "Maud Chaworth." Women in the World History. 1999.
  • Hallam, Elizabeth, ed. Four Gothic Kings. New York, NY: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1987. 133, 117, 126
  • Cantor, Norman F. The Last Knight : The Twilight of the Middle Ages and the Birth of the Modern Era. New York: Free P, 2004.
  • Binski, Paul. Westminster Abbey and the Plantagenets : Kingship and the Representation of Power, 1200–1400. New York: Yale UP, 1995.