Matti Kalervo Salminen (born 7 July 1945) is a Finnish operatic bass singer, now semi-retired, who has sung at the most important opera houses of the world, including the Metropolitan and Bayreuth Festival.
Salminen is distinguished by an imposing figure and height (6' 5"); a cavernous, heavy, dark voice with a huge upper register; and an expressive face. According to one reviewer, in his prime Salminen was "... simply the largest bass voice in captivity. It is not just its roar in powering over Wagner's maximum orchestra, but the way he carves the sonority and forms the color."
Salminen has a special gift for playing menacing, threatening characters. He performed as Fafner and Hagen in the PBS video broadcast Ring Cycle from the Metropolitan Opera, for the largest viewing-audience of the Ring in history.
Salminen is a widely video-taped singing actor with three different performances as Hagen available on DVD; also two performances as the Commendatore, several as Sarastro, two as Hunding and two as Daland. Videotaped performances and films are also available as King Phillip II, the Grand Inquisitor, Seneca, Gurnemanz, Pogner, Kaspar, Rasputin (in the Finnish opera by composer Einojuhani Rautavaara), and Boris Godunov.
Salminen was born in Turku. In his youth he earned money for voice lessons by singing Finnish tangos in night clubs. He has published an anthology of Finnish tangos. He first caught public eye as a lucky understudy in the role of King Philip II, when he was just 24 years old. He continued performing this role until (almost) the end of his career; a DVD was released in 2014.
At the Bayreuth Festival he first appeared in 1976 as Titurel (Parsifal), and as Hunding (Die Walküre) and Fasolt (Das Rheingold) in the Jahrhundertring (Centenary Ring) in 1976, celebrating the centenary of both the festival and the first performance of the complete cycle, conducted by Pierre Boulez and staged by Patrice Chéreau, recorded and filmed in 1979 and 1980. He continued until 1989 adding Fafner (Rheingold, Siegfried), Daland (Der fliegende Holländer), King Marke (Tristan und Isolde), Heinrich (Lohengrin), Pogner (Meistersinger), Landgraf (Tannhäuser) and Hagen (Götterdämmerung) to his roles there. He made his Metropolitan Opera debut as King Marke on January 9, 1981, and performed 132 times there in several roles, until March 28, 2008.
Other important roles are King Philip II (Don Carlos by Giuseppe Verdi), the Grand Inquisitor in the same work, Seneca in L'Incoronazione di Poppea, Sarastro in Die Zauberflöte, the Commendatore in Don Giovanni, the title role in Boris Godunov and Prince Ivan Khovansky in Khovanshchina. He also performs in sacred music and concert recitals.
He gave a farewell concert at the Zürich Operahouse in December of 2016.
Awards and HonorsEdit
- He won two Grammy Awards for Best Opera Recording, in 1982 and 1991, both for recordings of Wagner.
- In 2017, he received the ICMA Lifetime Achievement Award.
- In 1988 he received the Pro Finlandia Medal of the Order of the Lion of Finland.
- He was recognized with the prestigious title "Kammersänger" in three regions (countries or German state): Germany (Berlin) in 1993, and Bavaria and Austria in 2003.
- He is listed as "retired", but he apparently sang as Pogner the Goldsmith in Die Meistersinger in April 2019, see here: https://bachtrack.com/review-meistersinger-barenboim-moses-koch-vogt-kleiter-staatsoper-berlin-april-2019
- Ruth-Esther Hillila, Barbara Blanchard Hong (1997) Historical dictionary of the music and musicians of Finland Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 359 ISBN 0-313-27728-1
- Lawrence Journal-World June 24, 1990
- San Francisco Chronicle, May 1989 Archived 2009-10-26 at the Wayback Machine
- Anderson, Martin. Strong and Simple. Interview with Aulis Sallinen. Finnish Music Quarterly magazine, 2/1999.
- LATimes interview
- Label: Koch Schwann (Germ.) ASIN: B00005B5MZ
- "Matti Salminen: "I realised the importance of the economy in expression: less is more"". Pizzicato. Luxemburg. 9 February 2017. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
- Hagen (Matti Salminen's signature-role), demanding his inheritance
- Matti Salminen is terrifying, even when singing Rossini's comic patter-song YouTube video.
- Tearing up the scenery as Osmin in Mozart's The Abduction from the Seraglio (YouTube, audio only)
- Matti Salminen on IMDb
- His bio on allmusic.com
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