Matthew Asen Kantakouzenos or Cantacuzenus (Greek: Ματθαῖος Ἀσάνης Καντακουζηνός, Matthaios Asanēs Kantakouzēnos, c. 1325 – June 1383)[1] was Byzantine Emperor from 1353 to 1357 and later Despot of the Morea from 1380 to 1381.

Matthew Asen Kantakouzenos
Emperor and Autocrat of the Romans
Coin of Matthew Kantakouzenos as emperor
Byzantine emperor
ReignApril 1353 – December 1357[1]
PredecessorJohn V Palaiologos and
John VI Kantakouzenos
SuccessorJohn V Palaiologos
Despot of the Morea
Reign1380–1381[1]
PredecessorManuel Kantakouzenos
SuccessorDemetrios I Kantakouzenos
Bornc. 1325
DiedJune 1383
SpouseIrene Palaiologina
IssueJohn Kantakouzenos
Demetrios I Kantakouzenos
Theodora Kantakouzene
Helena Kantakouzene
Maria Kantakouzene
Theodore Kantakouzenos (?)
HouseKantakouzenos
FatherJohn VI Kantakouzenos
MotherIrene Asanina

Life

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Matthew Asanes Kantakouzenos was the son of Emperor John VI Kantakouzenos and Irene Asanina. In return for the support he gave to his father during his struggle with John V Palaiologos, he was given part of Thrace as an appanage in 1347, and was proclaimed joint emperor in 1353, when open civil war broke out again with John V.

From his Thracian domain, centred on Gratzianous, he led several wars against the Serbs. An attack, which he prepared in 1350, was frustrated by the defection of his Turkish auxiliaries. With five thousand Turks, Matthew tried to re-establish his former appanage along the Serbian-Byzantine border by attacking this region, but failed to take Serres. He was soon defeated in battle in late 1356 or early 1357 by a Serb army under Vojvoda Vojihna, who was the holder of Drama (a major fortress in the vicinity). The Serbs captured Matthew with the intention of releasing him when he had raised the large ransom they demanded. However John V, who had rapidly moved in to occupy Matthew's lands, offered Vojihna an even larger sum to turn Matthew over to him.

After imprisoning Matthew first on Tenedos, then on Lesbos under the watchful eye of Francesco I Gattilusio, John forced him to renounce the imperial title. John then released him to go to the Morea, where he joined his brother Manuel, who was ruling there (1361). After his brother's death in 1380, Matthew Asanes Kantakouzenos governed the Morea until the appointment of the new governor Theodore I Palaiologos, in 1381, and his arrival in 1382. Before full transition of power in the Morea, from the Kantakouzenos family to that of Palaiologos, Matthew resigned his power in the Morea to his son Demetrios I Kantakouzenos.

Family

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By his wife Irene Palaiologina, whom he married in Thessalonika early in 1341, Matthew Asanes Kantakouzenos had five known children:[2]

  1. John Kantakouzenos, despotēs
  2. Demetrios Kantakouzenos, sebastokratōr
  3. Theodora Kantakouzene
  4. Helena Kantakouzene, who married Louis Fadrique, Count of Salona
  5. Maria Kantakouzene, who married John Laskaris Kalopheros
  6. (possibly) Theodore Kantakouzenos, ambassador to France and Venice[3]

References

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  1. ^ a b c PLP, 10983. Kantakuzenos, Matthaios Asanes
  2. ^ Donald M. Nicol, The Byzantine Family of Kantakouzenos (Cantacuzenus) ca. 1100-1460: a Genealogical and Prosopographical Study (Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks, 1968), pp. 121f, 156-164
  3. ^ Donald M. Nicol, The Byzantine Family of Kantakouzenos: Some Addenda and Corrigenda, Dumbarton Oaks Papers, Vol. 27 (1973), p. 312-3

Sources

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  • Kazhdan, Alexander, ed. (1991). The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-504652-8.
  • Nicol, Donald M. (1968). The Byzantine Family of Kantakouzenos (Cantacuzenus), ca. 1100–1460: A Genealogical and Prosopographical Study. Dumbarton Oaks studies 11. Washington, DC: Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies. OCLC 390843.
  • Nicol, Donald M. (1993). The Last Centuries of Byzantium, 1261–1453 (Second ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-43991-6.
  • Nicol, Donald M. (1996). The Reluctant Emperor: A Biography of John Cantacuzene, Byzantine Emperor and Monk, c. 1295-1383. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521522014.
  • Trapp, Erich; Beyer, Hans-Veit; Walther, Rainer; Sturm-Schnabl, Katja; Kislinger, Ewald; Leontiadis, Ioannis; Kaplaneres, Sokrates (1976–1996). Prosopographisches Lexikon der Palaiologenzeit (in German). Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften. ISBN 3-7001-3003-1.
Matthew Kantakouzenos
Born: c. 1325 Died: unknown
Regnal titles
Preceded by Byzantine Emperor
1353–1357
with John V Palaiologos (1341–1376)
John VI Kantakouzenos (1347–1353)
Succeeded by
Preceded by Despot of the Morea
1380–1383
Succeeded by