Matthew 19 is the nineteenth chapter in the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament section of the Christian Bible. The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Matthew composed this Gospel. Jesus continues his final journey to Jerusalem, ministering through Perea.
Matthew 19:10-11 on the recto side of Papyrus 71, written c. AD 350.
|Book||Gospel of Matthew|
|Christian Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Christian part||1|
Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:
- Papyrus 25 (4th century; extant: verses 1-3, 5-7, 9-10)
- Codex Vaticanus (AD 325-350)
- Codex Sinaiticus (330-360)
- Papyrus 71 (c. 350)
- Codex Bezae (c. 400)
- Codex Washingtonianus (c. 400)
- Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus (c. 450)
- Codex Purpureus Rossanensis (6th century)
- Codex Petropolitanus Purpureus (6th century; extant: verses 7-12)
- Codex Sinopensis (6th century; extant: verses 3-10.17-25)
Old Testament referencesEdit
This chapter can be grouped (with cross references to the other synoptic gospels):
- Matthew 19:1-10 = Marriage and Divorce (Mark 10:1-12)
- Matthew 19:11-12 = Jesus Teaches on Celibacy
- Matthew 19:13-15 = Jesus Blesses the Little Children (Mark 10:13-16; Luke 18:15-17)
- Matthew 19:16-22 = Jesus Counsels the Rich Young Ruler (Mark 10:17-22; Luke 18:18-23)
- Matthew 19:23-30 = With God All Things Are Possible (Mark 10:23-31; Luke 18:24-30)
The events recorded in this chapter took place in Galilee and Judea beyond the Jordan (Perea), before Jesus and his party later enter Jericho, on their way to Jerusalem. Jesus leaves Galilee at this stage in Matthew's narrative (Matthew 19:1): the Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary reflects that "few readers probably note it as the Redeemer's Farewell to Galilee". He does not return there until after his resurrection from the dead. Subsequently, the announcement of the angels that Jesus has risen (Matthew 28:7), Jesus' own greeting to the women who meet him (Matthew 28:10) and the final words of Matthew's gospel, the final appearance of Jesus and his commission to "make disciples of all the nations" (Matthew 28:19) all refer back to the Galilee, which Jesus leaves at this time.
In Matthew 19:15, after blessing the little children, Jesus "departed from there", but no indication is given of where he went. The Jerusalem Bible renders this text as "[Jesus] went on his way". The writer of the Pulpit Commentary confidently asserts that at this point Jesus "set out from Peraea, journeying towards Jerusalem", and theologian John Gill agrees with this interpretation. In Matthew 19:22 the rich young man "went away" from his encounter with Jesus, leaving Jesus to speak with his disciples about the difficulty faced by "a rich man [wishing] to enter the kingdom of heaven".
- Some Pharisees came to him to test him. They asked, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any and every reason?”
- His disciples said to Him, “If such is the case of the man with his wife, it is better not to marry”.
The Greek: οὐ συμφέρει γαμῆσαι (ou sympherei gamēsai) may be translated as "it is better not to marry" or "it is not better to marry". Arthur Carr, in the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges, describes Jesus' ruling as "a revolution in thought brought to pass by Christ".
- Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an Abbreviated Bible Commentary, 23rd edition, Zondervan Publishing House, 1962
- Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
- Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary on Matthew 19, accessed 2 February 2017
- Expositor's Greek Testament on Matthew 19, accessed 4 February 2017
- Jerusalem Bible (1966): Matthew 19:15
- Pulpit Commentary on Matthew 19, accessed 4 February 2017
- Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible on Matthew 19, accessed 4 February 2017
- Matthew 19:3 NIV
- Matthew 19:3: Textus Receptus
- Matthew 19:10 NKJV
- Matthew 19:10 Interlinear, produced in partnership with Helps Ministries, accessed 27 September 2019
- Carr, A., Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on Matthew 19, accessed 7 September 2019
- Hundred Guilder Print, Rijksmuseum. Retrieved 4 September 2011.
- Matthew 19 King James Bible - Wikisource
- English Translation with Parallel Latin Vulgate
- Online Bible at GospelHall.org (ESV, KJV, Darby, American Standard Version, Bible in Basic English)
- Multiple bible versions at Bible Gateway (NKJV, NIV, NRSV etc.)
| Chapters of the New Testament
Gospel of Matthew
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