Matthew 19 is the nineteenth chapter in the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament section of the Christian Bible.[1] The book containing this chapter is anonymous, but early Christian tradition uniformly affirmed that Matthew composed this Gospel.[2] Jesus continues his final journey to Jerusalem, ministering through Perea.

Matthew 19
Papyrus71recto.jpg
Matthew 19:10-11 on the recto side of Papyrus 71, written c. AD 350.
BookGospel of Matthew
CategoryGospel
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part1

TextEdit

 
Matthew 19:5-7,9-10 on the verso side of Papyrus 25 from 4th century.

The original text was written in Koine Greek. This chapter is divided into 30 verses.

Textual witnessesEdit

Some early manuscripts containing the text of this chapter are:

Old Testament referencesEdit

StructureEdit

This chapter can be grouped (with cross references to the other synoptic gospels):

PlacesEdit

The events recorded in this chapter took place in Galilee and Judea beyond the Jordan (Perea), before Jesus and his party later enter Jericho, on their way to Jerusalem. Jesus leaves Galilee at this stage in Matthew's narrative (Matthew 19:1): the Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary reflects that "few readers probably note it as the Redeemer's Farewell to Galilee".[3] He does not return there until after his resurrection from the dead. Subsequently, the announcement of the angels that Jesus has risen (Matthew 28:7), Jesus' own greeting to the women who meet him (Matthew 28:10) and the final words of Matthew's gospel, the final appearance of Jesus and his commission to "make disciples of all the nations" (Matthew 28:19) all refer back to the Galilee, which Jesus leaves at this time.

In Matthew 19:15, after blessing the little children, Jesus "departed from there", but no indication is given of where he went.[4] The Jerusalem Bible renders this text as "[Jesus] went on his way".[5] The writer of the Pulpit Commentary confidently asserts that at this point Jesus "set out from Peraea, journeying towards Jerusalem",[6] and theologian John Gill agrees with this interpretation.[7] In Matthew 19:22 the rich young man "went away" from his encounter with Jesus, leaving Jesus to speak with his disciples about the difficulty faced by "a rich man [wishing] to enter the kingdom of heaven".

Verse 3Edit

Some Pharisees came to him to test him. They asked, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any and every reason?”[8]

In the Textus Receptus, the Pharisees are Greek: οι φαρισαιοι,[9] but the word 'the' (οι) is excluded from later critical editions, hence many translations speak of "some" Pharisees.

Verse 10Edit

His disciples said to Him, “If such is the case of the man with his wife, it is better not to marry”.[10]

The Greek: οὐ συμφέρει γαμῆσαι (ou sympherei gamēsai) may be translated as "it is better not to marry" or "it is not better to marry".[11] Arthur Carr, in the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges, describes Jesus' ruling as "a revolution in thought brought to pass by Christ".[12]

ArtsEdit

 
Rembrandt's Hundred Guilder Print depicting various events recorded in Matthew 19. 1649.

The events of this chapter are combined in Rembrandt's Hundred Guilder Print.[13]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Halley, Henry H. Halley's Bible Handbook: an Abbreviated Bible Commentary, 23rd edition, Zondervan Publishing House, 1962
  2. ^ Holman Illustrated Bible Handbook. Holman Bible Publishers, Nashville, Tennessee. 2012.
  3. ^ Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary on Matthew 19, accessed 2 February 2017
  4. ^ Expositor's Greek Testament on Matthew 19, accessed 4 February 2017
  5. ^ Jerusalem Bible (1966): Matthew 19:15
  6. ^ Pulpit Commentary on Matthew 19, accessed 4 February 2017
  7. ^ Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible on Matthew 19, accessed 4 February 2017
  8. ^ Matthew 19:3 NIV
  9. ^ Matthew 19:3: Textus Receptus
  10. ^ Matthew 19:10 NKJV
  11. ^ Matthew 19:10 Interlinear, produced in partnership with Helps Ministries, accessed 27 September 2019
  12. ^ Carr, A., Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on Matthew 19, accessed 7 September 2019
  13. ^ Hundred Guilder Print, Rijksmuseum. Retrieved 4 September 2011.

External linksEdit


Preceded by
Matthew 18
Chapters of the New Testament
Gospel of Matthew
Succeeded by
Matthew 20