This article includes a list of general references, but it lacks sufficient corresponding inline citations. (November 2016)
Mathias Zdarsky (Czech: Matyáš Žďárský; 25 February 1856 – 20 June 1940) was an early ski pioneer and founder of modern Alpine skiing technique: Arnold Lunn described him as the "father of alpine skiing". He was the first ski instructor in the world. He was also a teacher, painter and sculptor.
|Died||20 June 1940 (aged 84)|
St. Pölten, Austria
|Occupation(s)||Ski instructor, artist|
|Known for||"Father of alpine skiing"|
Inventor of steel ski binding
Zdarsky was born on 25 February 1856 in Kožichovice in Moravia, then Austria-Hungary, present Czech Republic.
Inspired by Norway's Fridtjof Nansen's 1888 crossing of Greenland, he adapted skis for use on alpine terrain. In 1890, he developed a steel binding (the "Lilienfelder Stahlsohlenbindung"), which made steep mountain slopes and gate runs possible. Zdarsky felt the earlier bindings did not hold the foot firmly enough, and so he designed binding with a strong, sprung, steel sole, which is the basis of modern ski bindings. As in the earlier Norwegian skiing, he used only one ski pole. Unlike today, the skier steered by using their elbows.
In January 1905, Zdarsky demonstrated a steep downhill descent, and was among the first to publicize this development in Central Europe. To show the superiority of his ski technology, he skied the "Breite Ries" at Schneeberg, Austria. On 19 March 1905 he organized the first alpine ski race (on the Muckenkogel via Lilienfeld, Austria) (though Crans-Montana in Switzerland had already run the first Kandahar descent race, in January 1901). This event had 24 participants, however it attained little attention beyond ski enthusiasts. In 1922 the Englishman Arnold Lunn invented the shorter, but more difficult slalom race, which had greater appeal.
During World War I, he taught mountain troops skiing and advanced avalanche training. He described his skiing techniques in his book Die Lilienfelder Skilauf-Technik (The Lilienfelder Ski Method). First published in 1897, seventeen editions were published up to 1925. He died in St. Pölten, Austria on 20 June 1940.
During his lifetime, nobody suspected Zdarsky had created the basis for a popular sport, and he was considered something of an eccentric inventor. He is also thought to be the inventor of the bivouac sack.
Honors received include:
- 1905 honorary member of Ski Club of Great Britain
- 1916 Knight's Cross Order of Franz Joseph
- 1931 Gold Medal for Services to the Republic of Austria
- 1936 Cross of the Austrian Order of Merit
- 1937 honorary member of Austrian Ski Association
- 1965 monument in Lilienfeld park
Named in his memory:
- Mount Zdarsky in Antarctica
- 1951 Zdarskyweg in Vienna - Hietzing
- 1977 Zdarskystraße in St. Pölten- Spratzern
- annual Muckenkogel Traisner Hütte mid-March nostalgia ski race
- double black diamond trail at Taos Ski Valley
- ^ 50. Todestag von Mathias Zdarsky at aeiou.iicm.tugraz.at
- ^ Norden, Gilbert (Spring 2001). "Austrian Sport Museums" (PDF). Journal of Sport History. 28 (1): 87–107. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- ^ "Britannica.com article on Matthias Zdarsky". Retrieved 2006-10-09.
- ^ "Zdarsky, Mathias" at austria-forum.org
- ^ Lund, Morten (1982) "The Father of Alpine Skiing" Ski Vol. 47, No. 4: 46,48,50
- ^ Allen, John (2008) "Mathias_Zdarsky: The Father of Alpine Skiing" Skiing Heritage Vol 20 #1:8-14
- ^ Klien, A. (1957) "Mathias_Zdarsky" in: Austrian Biographical Encyclopaedia 1815-1950 (ÖBL). Volume 16, published by the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna ISBN 3-7001-1327-7 S. 451f
- ^ Norden, Gilbert (2009) "Monuments and street names honouring sports personalities" in Local sport in Europe. Proceedings of the 4th EASS conference Waxmann Verlag ISBN 9783830970156 pg 103
- Zdarsky, Mathias (1897) Lilienfelder Skilauf-Technik Hamburg: Verlagsanst OCLC 601422411
- Schlesinger, Paul (1942) "Mathias Zdarsky, the Pioneer of Alpine Skiing" American Alpine Journal pg 403-405
- Ponstingl, Michael (2005) Mathias Zdarskys "Posen des Wissens". Zu einer fotografischen Kodierung des Skifahrens (Mathias Zdarskys "Bits of Wisdom". A photographic manual of ski turns), in: Markwart Herzog (ed.), Skilauf – Volkssport – Medienzirkus. Skisport als Kulturphänomen (Ski Racing - Popular Sport - Media Circus: Sport Skiing as Cultural Phenomenon), Stuttgart: Kohlhammer Verlag, (Irseer Dialogue [Dialogues of Irsee], Bd./vol. 11), pp. 123–149.
- Allen, John (2008) "Mathias Zdarsky: The Father of Alpine Skiing" Skiing Heritage Journal Vol. 20, No. 1 pp 8–14
- Mathias Zdarsky - 1856-1940 from Lilienfeld museum
- Mathias Zdarsky in Austria-Forum (in German) (at AEIOU)
- Zdarsky ski museum in Lilienfeld, Austria (in German)
- Zdarsky archives (in German)