Matam, Senegal

Matam (Hassaniya Arabic: ماتام; Wolof: Mataam) is the capital town of the Matam Region in north-east Senegal, and lies on the Sénégal River on the border with Mauritania. In the census of 2002, Matam had 14,620 inhabitants. In 2007, according to official estimates, the population of the town had increased to 17,324.

Matam
ماتام
Town
Matam is located in Senegal
Matam
Matam
Coordinates: 15°37′N 13°20′W / 15.617°N 13.333°W / 15.617; -13.333
Country Senegal
RegionMatam
DepartmentMatam
Population
 (2007)
 • Total17,324
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)

In 1996, the Upper Senegal River Valley, stretching from Matam to Diamou in Mali was cited as one of the poorest and most inaccessible regions in the western Sahel.[1]

MiningEdit

Matam has phosphate mines in the vicinity.[2]

ClimateEdit

Matam has a hot desert climate (BWh) with little to no rainfall in all months except July, August and September.

Climate data for Matam (1961-1990 normals, extremes 1973-present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 45.4
(113.7)
48.4
(119.1)
46.2
(115.2)
48.5
(119.3)
48.5
(119.3)
49.0
(120.2)
48.2
(118.8)
45.6
(114.1)
47.0
(116.6)
45.0
(113.0)
46.0
(114.8)
42.5
(108.5)
49.0
(120.2)
Average high °C (°F) 32.8
(91.0)
36.0
(96.8)
39.1
(102.4)
41.6
(106.9)
42.8
(109.0)
40.4
(104.7)
36.8
(98.2)
34.8
(94.6)
35.1
(95.2)
38.0
(100.4)
37.0
(98.6)
33.2
(91.8)
37.3
(99.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.2
(75.6)
26.8
(80.2)
29.8
(85.6)
32.6
(90.7)
34.8
(94.6)
33.9
(93.0)
31.3
(88.3)
29.9
(85.8)
29.9
(85.8)
31.2
(88.2)
28.6
(83.5)
24.8
(76.6)
29.8
(85.7)
Average low °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
17.6
(63.7)
20.5
(68.9)
23.6
(74.5)
26.8
(80.2)
27.3
(81.1)
25.7
(78.3)
24.9
(76.8)
24.7
(76.5)
24.3
(75.7)
20.1
(68.2)
16.3
(61.3)
22.3
(72.1)
Record low °C (°F) 10.0
(50.0)
10.0
(50.0)
12.0
(53.6)
16.0
(60.8)
19.0
(66.2)
17.0
(62.6)
18.5
(65.3)
17.4
(63.3)
14.8
(58.6)
18.8
(65.8)
14.0
(57.2)
11.0
(51.8)
10.0
(50.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 0.2
(0.01)
1.3
(0.05)
0.1
(0.00)
1.3
(0.05)
1.0
(0.04)
25.1
(0.99)
85.2
(3.35)
133.4
(5.25)
94.6
(3.72)
21.1
(0.83)
2.5
(0.10)
1.0
(0.04)
366.8
(14.43)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 266.6 252.0 291.4 297.0 297.6 270.0 272.8 257.3 252.0 275.9 270.0 176.7 3,179.3
Percent possible sunshine 77 78 79 80 75 70 69 66 70 77 80 51 73
Source: NOAA[3][4]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Causes of International Migration. Diane Publishing Company. 1996. p. 195. ISBN 9780788126840.
  2. ^ "Phosphate mining in Matam, Ndiendouri-Ouali Diala deposits, SOMIVA (SERPM), Senegal". Ejatlas.org. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  3. ^ "Matam Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
  4. ^ "SGM00061630". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved February 17, 2022.

Coordinates: 15°37′N 13°20′W / 15.617°N 13.333°W / 15.617; -13.333