Matacoan languages

  (Redirected from Mataguay languages)

Matacoan (also Mataguayan, Matákoan, Mataguayo, Mataco–Mataguayo, Matacoano, Matacoana) is a language family of northern Argentina, western Paraguay, and southeastern Bolivia.

Matákoan
Mataguayo
Geographic
distribution
Amazon
Linguistic classificationMataco–Guaicuru ?
  • Matákoan
Glottologmata1289[1]

Family divisionEdit

Matacoan consists of four clusters of languages. Gordon (2005) in Ethnologue divides Wichí into three separate languages and Chorote into two languages.

  1. Wichí (also known as Mataco, Wichi, Wichí Lhamtés, Weenhayek, Noctenes, Matahuayo, Matako, Weʃwo. The name Mataco is common but pejorative.)
    1. Vejoz (also known as Vejo, Pilcomayo, Bermejo, Wichí Lhamtés Vejoz)
    2. Noktén (also known as Noctén, Wichí Lhamtés Nocten)
    3. Wiznay (also known as Güisnay, Wichí Lhamtés Güisnay)
    4. Matawayo (also known as Matahuayo).
  2. Chorote (also known as Chorotí, Yofúaha, Tsoloti)
    1. Manhui (also known as Manjuy, Iyo’wujwa Chorote)
    2. Eklenhui (also known as Eclenjuy, Eklehui, Iyojwa’ja Chorote, Chorote, Choroti).
  3. Nivaclé (also known as Chulupí–Ashlushlay, Chulupí, Ajlujlay, Alhulhai, Niwaklé, Niwaqli, Churupi, Chulupe. The name Chulupí is common but pejorative.)
    1. Forest Nivaclé
    2. River Nivaclé
  4. Maká (also known as Macá, Maca, Towolhi, Toothle, Nynaka, Mak’á, Enimaca, Enimaga)
    1. Ma’ká (also known as Towolhi)
    2. Enimaga (also known as Enimaa, Kochaboth)

Mason (1950)Edit

Internal classification by Mason (1950):[2]

Mataco-Maca
  • Mataco
    • Mataco-Mataguayo
      • Mataco
        • Guisnay
        • Nocten (Octenai)
      • Mataguayo
        • Northern: Hueshuo, Pesatupe, Abucheta
        • Southern: Vejoz
    • Chorotí-Ashluslay
      • Chorotí (Yofuaha)
      • Ashluslay (Chulupí, Chonopí, Sukin, Sotiagay, Tapieté)
  • Macá (Enimagá, Cochaboth, Guaná, Lengua)
    • Enimagá
      • Macá (Towothli, Toosle)
    • Guentusé
    • Cochaboth-Lengua

VocabularyEdit

Loukotka (1968) lists the following basic vocabulary items for the Matacoan languages.[3]

gloss Choroti Choropí Suhín Sotsiagay Ashlusláy Mataco Vejoz Nocten Guisnai Enimaga Makká
head sétek satík shutich shatish nu-xleték litek etek oːn-sleták in-hitla
tooth sá-hue huetseːute tsaute seuté no-tsoté no-chete zoté oːs-totéʔi kon-xeti
water inát naːʔate inaat inaːat inát inót guag inat inát gualé iwalü
fire houat itox itox itox itóx itóx itag ütax etáx feit fat
sun kilé nʔkoklái hankuklai fünchokʔlaai fingoklai xuála ixuala ixuala ixuála tátla xunnu
moon huelä xuékla hiuerkla xiwekla huela ihuälä iguelach iguelä ivaʔedla xuwãl
star katés katés katéss katís katäs katés ketes foʔoteki
dog nóo nuuːx niuʔux niuʔux níu sidnóx signag esinax atsüná nunnax
jaguar ayä yaáx yáox yáʔox iyox haiyüx yag eyax haróx kometenax
black lämi klím klim lim palüx pelag peláx fo

Proto-languageEdit

For a reconstruction of Proto-Mataguayo by Viegas Barros (2002),[4] see the corresponding Spanish article.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Matacoan". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  2. ^ Mason, John Alden (1950). "The languages of South America". In Steward, Julian (ed.). Handbook of South American Indians. 6. Washington, D.C., Government Printing Office: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin 143. pp. 157–317.
  3. ^ Loukotka, Čestmír (1968). Classification of South American Indian languages. Los Angeles: UCLA Latin American Center.
  4. ^ Viegas Barros, Pedro. 2002. Fonología del Proto-Mataguayo: Las fricativas dorsales. Mily Crevels, Simon van de Kerke, Sérgio Meira & Hein van der Voort (eds.), Current Studies on South American Languages [Indigenous Languages of Latin America, 3], p. 137-148. Leiden: Research School of Asian, African, and Amerindian Studies (CNWS).

BibliographyEdit

  • Adelaar, Willem F. H.; & Muysken, Pieter C. (2004). The languages of the Andes. Cambridge language surveys. Cambridge University Press.
  • Campbell, Lyle. (1997). American Indian languages: The historical linguistics of Native America. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509427-1.
  • Fabre, Alain (2005) Los Mataguayo (Online version: http://www.ling.fi/Entradas%20diccionario/Dic=Mataguayo.pdf)

External linksEdit