Mass in C major, K. 66 "Dominicus"

The Missa solemnis in C major, K. 66, is a mass composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in 1769.[1] It is scored for SATB soloists and choir, violins I and II, viola, 2 oboes, 2 horns, 2 clarini (high trumpets), 2 trumpets and basso continuo.

Missa solemnis in C major
Mass by W. A. Mozart
KeyC major
CatalogueK. 66
OccasionOrdination of Cajetan Hagenauer [de] as Pater Dominicus
Composed15 October 1769 (1769-10-15): Salzburg
VocalSATB choir and soloists

Mozart composed the mass for the ordination of Cajetan Hagenauer [de], son of Lorenz Hagenauer [Wikidata], the Mozarts' landlord and family friend. Cajetan had entered St Peter's Abbey, a Benedictine monastery, whilst the Mozarts were on their grand tour.[2] When he became a priest in 1769, he took the name Pater Dominicus and celebrated his first solemn high mass; this gives the work its nickname, Dominicusmesse.[3] Leopold Mozart conducted the première on 15 October to a packed church in Salzburg;[4][5] it is thought that the success of this performance led to Wolfgang's first Italian tour.[6]

Due to its length, the mass is classified as a missa solemnis.[7] It is divided into six movements.

  1. Kyrie Adagio, C major, common time
    "Kyrie eleison" Allegro, C major, 3
  2. Gloria Allegro moderato, C major, 3
    "Laudamus te" Andante grazioso, F major, 2
    ; soprano/alto duet
    "Gratias agimus tibi" Adagio, C major, common time
    "Propter magnam gloriam tuam" Allegro, C major, common time
    "Domine Deus" Un poco andante, G major, 3
    ; tenor solo
    "Qui tollis peccata mundi" Un poco adagio, G minor, common time
    "Quoniam tu" Andante ma un poco allegro, F major, 3
    ; soprano solo
    "Cum Sancto Spiritu" Alla breve, C major, cut time
  3. Credo Molto allegro, C major, common time
    "Et incarnatus est" Adagio, F major, 3
    ; soloists
    "Crucifixus" Adagio, C minor, common time
    "Et resurrexit" Molto allegro, C major, common time
    "Et in Spiritum Sanctum Dominum" Andante, G major, 3
    ; soprano solo
    "Et in unam sanctam" Moderato, C major, common time
    "Et vitam venturi saeculi" Allegro, C major, 3
  4. Sanctus Adagio, C major, common time
    "Pleni sunt coeli et terra" Allegro, C major, 3
    "Hosanna in excelsis" Moderato, C major, common time
  5. Benedictus Allegro moderato, G major, common time; soloists
    "Hosanna in excelsis" Moderato, C major, common time
  6. Agnus Dei Allegro moderato, C major, common time
    "Dona nobis pacem" Allegro, C major, 3




  1. ^ Melograni, Piero (2007). Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: A Biography. p. 31. ISBN 978-0-226-51956-2.
  2. ^ Einstein, Alfred (1945). Mozart: His Character, His Work. p. 325. ISBN 978-0-19-500732-9.
  3. ^ Kennedy, Michael; Bourne, Joyce, eds. (2004). The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music. Oxford University Press, USA. p. 204.
  4. ^ Deutsch, Otto Erich (1966). Mozart: A Documentary Biography. Stanford University Press. p. 146.
  5. ^ Halliwell, Ruth (1998). The Mozart Family: Four Lives in a Social Context. p. 142. ISBN 978-0-19-816371-8.
  6. ^ Keefe, Simon P. (2003). The Cambridge Companion to Mozart. Cambridge Companions to Music. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-521-00192-2.
  7. ^ Sadie, Stanley (2006). Mozart: The Early Years 1756–1781. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 168.