Masjid Mubarak Begum

The Masjid Mubarak Begum mosque or Mubarak Masjid Begum mosque also known as Randi ki Masjid is a 19th-century historical red sandstone mosque belonging to the Mughal Empire located in Hauz Qasi, Shahjahanabad, Delhi, the Chawri Bazaar metro station in India. The mosque is also referred to as courtesan's mosque. On 19 July 2020, the central dome of the mosque collapsed due to heavy rainfall.[1][2] It was reported that only a part of the dome was crashed down at around 6.45 am in the morning.[3] Currently the mosque is under the custody of Delhi Wakf Board.

Masjid Mubarak Begum
DistrictCentral Delhi
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusMosque
Materialsred sandstone


The mosque was built in the early decades of the 19th century in 1823 by a nautch girl called Mubarak Begum who also served as a courtesan in the Mughal court.[4] The mosque was built during the Mughal era. She was born into a poor family initially pursued her career as a dancing girl in Pune.[5] Begum was also married to David Ochterlony who was a two time British resident to Mughal emperor's court in Delhi in 1802 and in 1822. After the death of Mubarak Begum in 1878, the control of the mosque was taken over by the British government.[6] It is one of the three mosques to be constructed by women in medieval India.[7] Some sources state the mosque was built by the David Ochterlony in memory of Mubarak Begum.


The mosque is built up of red sandstone and lakhori bricks as a two-storey structure. The upper floor consists of prayer chamber containing three domed compartments. It also comprises three red and white striped domes and three arched entrances under each dome.[8] It was reported that the mosque was last repaired and maintained in 2016.


  1. ^ "Heavy rains damage 200-year-old mosque in Indian capital". Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  2. ^ Shekhar, Himanshu (20 July 2020). "Central dome of iconic Masjid Mubarak mosque in Old Delhi collapses in rain". Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  3. ^ "Delhi rains: Downpour damages central dome of 200-year-old Masjid Mubarak Begum". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  4. ^ "Central dome of heritage mosque 'Masjid Mubarak Begum' in Old Delhi damaged in heavy rain". Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  5. ^ "Twitter Remembers Mughal Courtesan Mubarak Begum as Delhi Rain Damages 19th Century Mosque". News18. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  6. ^ "Masjid Mubarak Begum: The story behind 'Rundi ki masjid', built by an ambitious Mughal concubine". The Indian Express. 20 July 2020. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  7. ^ SALAM, ZIYA US. "Dome of two-centuries-old Mubarak Begum Masjid collapses in Delhi rain". Frontline. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  8. ^ "Mubarak Begum Ki Masjid: Heavy rains damage a rare mosque built by a woman". National Herald. Retrieved 20 July 2020.

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