Mary Harron is a Canadian filmmaker and screenwriter. She gained recognition for her role in writing and directing several independent films, including I Shot Andy Warhol (1996), American Psycho (2000), and The Notorious Bettie Page (2005). She co-wrote American Psycho and The Notorious Bettie Page with Guinevere Turner. Although Harron has denied this title, she has been thought to be a feminist filmmaker due to her film on lesbian feminist Valerie Solanas, in I Shot Andy Warhol, and a queer story-line within her teenage Gothic horror, The Moth Diaries (2011).
|Occupation||Film director, screenwriter|
|Spouse(s)||John C. Walsh|
|Parent(s)||Gloria Fisher (mother)|
Don Harron (father, deceased)
|Relatives||Martha Harron (sister) Kelley Harron (sister)|
Born in Bracebridge, Ontario, Canada, Harron grew up with a family that was entrenched in the world of film and theater. She is the daughter of Gloria Fisher and Don Harron, a Canadian actor, comedian, author, and director. Her parents divorced when she was six years old. Harron's first stepmother, Virginia Leith, was discovered by Stanley Kubrick and acted in his first film, Fear and Desire. Leith's brief acting career partly inspired Harron's interest in making The Notorious Bettie Page. Harron's stepfather is the novelist Stephen Vizinczey best known for his internationally successful book In Praise of Older Women. Harron's second stepmother is the Canadian singer Catherine McKinnon. Harron's sister, Kelley Harron, is an actor and producer.
Harron moved to England when she was thirteen and later attended St Anne's College, Oxford University, where she received a Bachelors in English. While in England, she dated Tony Blair, later the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, and Chris Huhne, another Oxford student who later became a prominent politician. She then moved to New York City and was part of its 1970s punk scene.
Harron has the title of Canadian female director, though she did not spend much of her life in Canada. She has said it is not a defining characteristic that influences her directorial choices. She feels that she has a different perspective as a Canadian but her work is not directly influenced or through a Canadian lens. However, she understands the impact living in Canada has on the way she views the world and states: "Mostly, I'm just not American. [being Canadian means] You don't think you're at the center of things."
Early writing workEdit
In New York, Harron helped start and write for Punk magazine as a music journalist; she was the first journalist to interview the Sex Pistols for an American publication. She grew up in the early punk scene of America. She found the culture easy for her to fit into and was constantly evolving and spreading into new demographics. During the 1980s, she was a drama critic for The Observer in London for a time, as well as working as a music critic for The Guardian and the New Statesman. In the late 1980's, Harron participated and began her film career writing and directing BBC Documentaries.
During the 1990s, Harron moved back to New York where she worked as a producer for PBS's Edge, a program dedicated to exploring American pop culture. It was at this time that Harron became interested in the life of Valerie Solanas, the woman who attempted to kill Andy Warhol. Harron suggested making a documentary about Solanas to her producers, who in turn encouraged her to develop the project into what would be her first feature film. Harron says she owes her success with her first film to Andy who helped to sell the controversial focus on the attempted murderess, Solanas.
I Shot Andy WarholEdit
Harron's feature film directorial debut, I Shot Andy Warhol, released in 1996, is the partially imagined story of Valerie Solanas' failed assassination attempt on Andy Warhol. She explains her interest in Solanas' life:
For Solanas, there was this fierce, outsider quality to her unhappiness and frustration. That was a time in my life when I was frustrated myself in my work. I wanted to direct. I had the idea years before I got to direct myself. So I think there were elements of my own frustration and elements of what it was like growing up with an unfair attitude towards women ... and Valerie was an extreme example of that. There was also the intellectual interest of how someone can be so brilliant and her life goes so wrong, and also, that she was so forgotten and misunderstood. In both cases, I felt like Valerie had been consigned to history as this lunatic, almost nothing written about her.
While Solanas was never able to produce her play, Harron was able to make her movie and was able to tell Solanas' story. I Shot Andy Warhol does not glorify Valerie Solanas; it pleads her case by showing that she was the product of a larger system of cruelty, and was not a lunatic, but a frustrated member of society.
Harron's second film, American Psycho, released in 2000, is based on the book of the same title by Bret Easton Ellis, which is notorious for its graphic descriptions of torture and murder. The protagonist, Patrick Bateman (Christian Bale), is an investment banker working at the fictional mergers and acquisitions firm Pierce & Pierce, a nod to the name of Sherman McCoy's employer in Tom Wolfe's The Bonfire of the Vanities. The New York Times' Stephen Holden wrote of the film:
From the opening credits, in which drops of blood are confused with red berry sauce drizzled on an exquisitely arranged plate of nouvelle cuisine, the movie establishes its insidious balance of humor and aestheticized gore.
 Despite signing Harron to the project, the film was mired in controversy before production began, due in large part to the legacy of the book's release. Harron has a liking for darker and more controversial topics, such as Valerie Solanas, but it was the satirical nature of the book that, "inspired her film about perfunctory violence and obsessive consumption." As Harron began production, the crew had to contend with threats of protest, as the issue of violence in the media became crystallized by the Columbine shootings. Campaigns against the film continued throughout production, the Feminist Majority Foundation condemning the film as misogynist, and the Canadians Concerned About Violence in Entertainment (C-CAVE) convincing restaurant owners to deny Harron permission to film in their establishments. When returning to work with Turner, Harron felt they were best suited for the job of American Psycho as they needed no hesitation on feminist values, especially after Turner's successful lesbian film Go Fish.
Although some criticized American Psycho for its violence against women, Harron and Turner made conscious decisions that project the female influence on this adaption. Harron's adaptation of this film changes the focus from purely Bateman's perspective to showcase the faces of the women as "the perspective in those murder scenes wasn't through Patrick Bateman but the women."
In the years following its release, the film has achieved cult status; the controversy surrounding it, to some, gave way to an appreciation of the film's satirical qualities, while many others remain critical of its violence and depiction of 1980s decadence. Harron would later describe in an interview with BBC, that American Psycho is a "period thing" that glimpsed at 1980s corporate capitalism, but from a distance.
The Notorious Bettie PageEdit
The Notorious Bettie Page, released in 2005, is about the 1950s pinup model who became a cult icon of sexuality. Harron shows Page as the daughter of religious and conservative parents, as well as the fetish symbol who became a target of a Senate investigation of pornography. For this film, Harron did historical character research, and interviewed several of Page's friends as well as Page's first husband. Page was legally bound to another project and so unable to be interviewed. Harron saw Page as an unwitting feminist figure who represented a movement for women's sexual liberation, with some similarities to and differences from Solanas. About the film, Harron said in 2006"
Clearly Bettie is a very inspiring figure to young women because she had a strong independent streak. She did what she wanted to do and she wasn't just doing it for men ... But I think it's a huge mistake to think of her as a conscious feminist heroine. As far as I can see, she didn't have an agenda, ever. She just followed her own path unconsciously. I don't think she thought of herself as a rebel in any way. She was kind of in her own world of dress-up.
After filming The Notorious Bettie Page, Harron was disappointed with the criticism she received suggesting that men wanted the "male experience" from Bettie Page but that sexiness was never intended for Bettie's character. Harron acknowledges the influence of feminism on her life and films but identifies that she is not making feminist ideological films. Although she is not feminist-focused, she does embrace the label of a women's histories filmmaker.
Harron separates her identities of being a feminist and a filmmaker, her work is not frame worked as a feminist filmmaker. Although her films deal with controversial materials, like American Psycho, she does not put emphasis on gore and violence. Like Page, Harron also does not follow a strict feminist ideology, but has instead openly explored issues, instead of tying herself to a single perspective on gender. She is not aiming to create political films, but may end up doing so anyway, in her attempt to express a woman's point of view. In an interview, she said:
I feel that without feminism, I wouldn't be doing this. So I feel very grateful. Without it, God knows what my life would be. I don't make feminist films in the sense that I don't make anything ideological. But I do find that women get my films better. Women and gay men. Maybe because they're less threatened by it, or they see what I'm trying to say better.
The Moth DiariesEdit
The Moth Diaries, Harron's fourth feature film, another film-adaption of an american novel. Harron's screenplay The Moth Diaries, is an adaptation of Rachel Klein's 2002 novel of the same name. The film follows the story of a group of girls living together at Brangwyn, a boarding school. A new student arrives, Ernessa (Lily Cole) and the girls begin to suspect that she is a vampire. Harron has described the film as a "gothic coming-of-age story" that explores the nuanced friendships of teenage girls as they are repeatedly confronted with the prospect of adulthood. This Gothic horror feature, entangles teenage experiences of sexuality, close female friendships, and drama with supernatural elements.
The Canadian director located shooting in and around Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The Moth Diaries is a Canada-Ireland co-production as Harron works with Irish production company Samson Films' David Collins.
In February 2018, it was announced that Harron plans to direct an independent film about three of Charles Manson's followers titled Charlie Says, with Matt Smith as Manson and Suki Waterhouse cast as Mary Brunner.
In addition to her films, Harron was also the executive producer of The Weather Underground, a documentary looking at the Weathermen (political activists and extremists of the 1970s). She has also worked in television, directing episodes of Oz, Six Feet Under, Homicide: Life on the Street, The L Word and Big Love. Working on the episode of Six Feet Under "The Rainbow of Her Reasons", Harron was brought back together with I Shot Andy Warhol actress, Lili Taylor. She is currently developing a film based on the book Please Kill Me which details the 1970s New York punk scene of which she was so much a part.
Mary Harron is a member of Film Fatales women's independent filmmaker collective.
Awards and nominationsEdit
|1996||I Shot Andy Warhol||Grand Jury Prize||Dramatic||Sundance Film Festival||Nominated|
|1997||I Shot Andy Warhol||Independent Spirit Award||Best First Feature||Film Independent Spirit Awards||Tom Kalin (producer) and Christine Vachon (producer)||Nominated|
|2000||American Psycho||Sierra Award||Best Screenplay, Adapted||Las Vegas Film Critics Society Awards||Guinevere Turner||Nominated|
|2000||American Psycho||Best Film||Sitges – Catalonian International Film Festival||Nominated|
|2000||American Psycho||ACCA||Best Adapted Screenplay||Awards Circuit Community Awards||Guinevere Turner||Nominated|
|2001||American Psycho||Chlotrudis Award||Best Adapted Screenplay||Chlotrudis Society for Independent Film Awards||Guinevere Turner||Winner|
|2001||American Psycho||AFLS Award||Director of the Year||London Critics Circle Film Awards||Nominated|
|2005||Filmmaker on the Edge Award||Filmmaker||Provincetown International Film Festival||Winner|
|2006||The Notorious Bettie Page||Teddy||Best Feature Film||Berlin International Film Festival||Nominated|
|2011||The Moth Diaries||Black Pearl Award||Best Narrative Feature||Abu Dhabi Film Festival||Nominated|
|2018||Alias Grace||Canadian Screen Award||Best Limited Series||Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television||Noreen Halpern, Sarah Polley, D.J. Carson||Winner|
|2018||Alias Grace||Canadian Screen Award||Best Direction, Drama Program or Limited Series||Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television||Winner|
|2018||Alias Grace||Gotham Independent Film Award||Breakthrough Series – Longform||Gotham Awards||Noreen Halpern, and Sarah Polley||Nominated|
|2018||Lifetime Achievement Award||Stockholm Lifetime Achievement||Stockholm Film Festival||Winner|
|2018||Charlie Says||Venice Horizons Award||Best Film||Venice Film Festival||Nominated|
- Director and screenwriter
- I Shot Andy Warhol (1996)
- American Psycho (2000), written with friend and actress Guinevere Turner
- The Notorious Bettie Page (2005)
- The Moth Diaries (2011)
- Charlie Says (2018)
- Executive producer
- The Weather Underground (2002)
- In 1989, Harron directed a Batman special for the BBC series The Late Show which charted the character's history from comic book to feature film.
|1993||Homicide: Life on the Street||TV series||E10: "Sins of the Father"||S06|
|1994||Winds of Change||TV movie documentary|
|1998||Oz||TV series||E07: "Animal Farm"||S02|
|2001||Pasadena||TV series||E07: "The Bones" Unaired||S01|
|2004||The L Word||TV drama series||E11: "Liberally"||S01|
|2005||Six Feet Under||TV series||E06: "The Rainbow of Her Reasons"||S05|
|2006||Big Love||TV series||E06: "Roberta's Funeral"||S01|
|2008||Fear Itself||TV series||E07: "Community"||S01|
|2013||The Anna Nicole Story||TV Movie|
|2017||Alias Grace||TV miniseries||All six episodes|
- Bendix, Trish (March 24, 2014). "Mary Harron is a Feminist, Queer-friendly Director We Can Believe In". After Ellen.
- Punter, Jennie (September 5, 2011). "The Monday Q&A: Mary Harron". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. p. R3. Archived from the original on March 5, 2016. Retrieved May 19, 2019.
- Johnson, Brian D. (April 10, 2000). "Canadian Cool Meets American Psycho". Maclean's.
- Michaelmas Term 1974. Complete Alphabetical List of the Resident Members of the University of Oxford. Oxford University Press. 1974. p. 137.
"FACTBOX - Tony Blair's new job". Reuters. 2007-06-27. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
At university, Blair played guitar and sang in a rock band called the Ugly Rumours. He also dated Canadian film director Mary Harron, who went on to make the movie 'American Pyscho'.
Kate Bussman (2009-03-06). "Cutting edge". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 2018-10-29.
'Please don't ask me about Tony Blair,' she pleads with a laugh, as the subject of the man she once described as 'the only nice person I ever went out with at Oxford' is broached. 'I only ever gave one interview about it, before he became prime minister, but somehow after American Psycho came out, this one interview suddenly appeared in all the British newspapers as if I'd just given a press conference. I've learned it's best not to talk about it at all,' she says, her voice full of humour, but her demeanour firm.
Marie Woolf, Francis Elliott (2006-02-19). "When Tony met Mary met Chris ..." The Independent. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
But Tony Blair was not the only budding political leader Ms Harron - a flamboyant undergraduate who went on to direct American Psycho - dated as a carefree student. By remarkable coincidence, she also went out with Chris Huhne, an Oxford contemporary of Blair, who last week was tipped in the polls as the most likely contender to take over from Charles Kennedy as Liberal Democrat leader.
Beth Lambert (2015-05-10). "Mary Harron: Directing The Undirectable". Oxford Student. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
Incidentally, one of those men was Tony Blair, who she went out with as an undergraduate; something which once again I can't reconcile with her wild child image, but Blair must have been more into his New York Dolls than New Labour while he was at St John's.
Katie Rife (2017-12-08). "Mary Harron breaks down the art of terror in an exclusive clip from Shudder's The Core". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 2018-10-29.
Mary Harron didn't start her career as a film director until her 40s, after a wild and fascinating early life that included a stint as one of the first writers of Punk magazine and a brief romance with future British Prime Minister Tony Blair when the two were students at Oxford.
- Hurd, Mary. Women Directors and Their Films. Westport: Praeger Publishers, 2007. Print.
- Heller 2008, p. 151.
- Kaufman, Anthony (December 3, 2009). "Decade: Mary Harron on 'American Psycho'". indieWire. Retrieved November 29, 2011.
- The Perfect Billboard Erected for 'American Psycho'
- Holden, Stephen (April 14, 2000). "Film Review; Murderer! Fiend! (But Well Dressed)". The New York Times. Retrieved November 29, 2011.
- Bussmann, Kate. "Cutting Edge". The Guardian. March 5, 2009. p. 16. Print.
- Marcus, Lydia. "The Pent Up and the Pinup." Lesbian News. April 2006: p. 43. Print.
- Childerhose, Buffy (2000). "There's Something about Mary [Filmmaker Mary Harron has a Penchant for Controversial Material: American Psycho.]". Chatelaine. 73 (5). p. 40.
- Harron, Mary. "The Risky Territory of 'American Psycho'". The New York Times 9 April 2000 late ed.: section 2. Print.
- Barber, Nicholas (March 21, 2016). "Did American Psycho predict the future?". BBC Culture.
- "Bad Girls Go Everywhere: A Q&A with Mary Harron, director of The Notorious Bettie Page". Nerve. April 14, 2006. Retrieved November 29, 2011.
- Hornaday, Ann (April 16, 2006). "Women of Independent Miens: Nicole Holofcener and Mary Harron Prove a Woman's Place Is in the Director's Chair". Washington Post, N01.
- King, Randall. "The Notorious Mary Harron." Winnipeg Free Press. March 1, 2012. Print.
- "Director Mary Harron Currently Behind the Camera for the Big Screen Adaptation of THE MOTH DIARIES". Canada NewsWire. September 9, 2010.
- McNary, Dave (February 6, 2018). "Film News Roundup: 'The Crown' Star Matt Smith Cast as Charles Manson in 'Charlie Says'". Variety. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
- Hankin, Kelly (2007). "And Introducing ... the Female Director: Documentaries about Women Filmmakers as Feminist Activism". NWSA Journal. 19 (1): 59–88. JSTOR 4317231.
- The Late Show Batman Special BFI Listing
- Bussmann, Kate. "Cutting Edge."The Guardian.  March 5, 2009. p. 16. Print.
- Heller, Dana (2008). "Shooting Solanas: Radical Feminist History and the Technology of Failure". In Hesford, Victoria; Diedrich, Lisa (eds.). Feminist Time Against Nation Time: Gender, Politics, and the Nation-State in an Age of Permanent War. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books. ISBN 978-0-7391-1123-9.
- Harron, Mary. "The Risky Territory of 'American Psycho.'" The New York Times 9 April 2000 late ed.: section 2. Print.
- Harron, Mary; "The Notorious Bettie Page" MovieNet. 
- Hernandez, Eugene (January 18, 2000) "PARK CITY 2000 BUZZ: "American Psycho" NC-17; Next Wave Nabs Sundance Doc". indieWire. Retrieved November 29, 2011.
- Hurd, Mary. Women Directors and Their Films. Westport: Praeger Publishers, 2007. Print.
- King, Randall. "The Notorious Mary Harron." Winnipeg Free Press.  March 1, 2012. Print.
- Marcus, Lydia. "The Pent Up and the Pinup." Lesbian News. April 2006: p. 43. Print.
- Murray, Rebecca. "Interview with Mary Harron, the Writer/Director of The Notorious Bettie Page: Harron Continues to Tackle Edgy Subject Matter in Her Latest Film". About.com. Retrieved November 29, 2011.