Marxist–Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador

The Marxist–Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador (Spanish: Partido Comunista Marxista-Leninista del Ecuador) is an anti-revisionist Marxist–Leninist communist party in Ecuador, founded August 1, 1964, following a split from the Communist Party of Ecuador.

Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador
Partido Comunista Marxista-Leninista del Ecuador
SpokespersonOswaldo Palacios
FoundedAugust 1, 1964
Split fromPCE
NewspaperEn Marcha
Youth wingRevolutionary Youth of Ecuador
Armed WingGCP
Political positionFar-left
National affiliationMPD (1978–2014)
UP (since 2014)
International affiliationICMLPO
SloganFor People's Power and Socialism!
Party flag
Website Edit this at Wikidata
A 2007 issue of En Marcha. The header contains the heads of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin. Next to them is the slogan "Workers of the world, unite!", written in Spanish.
A 2008 issue of En Marcha. In the top right corner, a photo of Enver Hoxha shows the party's ideological orientation. This issue's main article is about May 1968.

PCMLE publishes En Marcha, and is an active participant in the International Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations (Unity & Struggle).[1]

In 1978 PCMLE founded the electoral wing Democratic People's Movement (MPD) before it was dissolved and replaced with Popular Unity (UP) in 2014.[2]

The Workers' Party of Ecuador split from the PCMLE in 1996.



The party adheres to anti-revisionist Marxism–Leninism and strongly supports the ideology of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin, Enver Hoxha and Che Guevara.[3][4]


The Group of Popular Combatants (GCP) was founded in 1994 as the armed wing of the party during the presidency of Sixto Durán Ballén.[5] The GCP committed three mail bombing attacks between 1997-2000,[6][7] but has been inactive since. On March 3rd, 2012, 10 alleged members of the GCP were arrested and charged with subversion and terrorism. The case itself, which became known as the Luluncoto 10, would become controversial over the process of criminalizing political groups as terrorist organizations.[8][9]


  1. ^ "International Conference of Marxist Leninist Parties and Organizations". CIPOML Official Homepage. Retrieved January 7, 2022.
  2. ^ Redacción (2014-08-04). "El CNE ratifica la eliminación del Prian, PRE, MPD y Ruptura". (in Spanish). Retrieved 2022-01-09.
  3. ^ PCMLE. Solo la revolución es cambio: ¿Qué es y por qué lucha el PCMLE?. Quito: Ediciones Revolucionarias del Ecuador, 1989.
  4. ^ "Los procesos electorales y la acción de los comunistas - Semanario En Marcha". (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 June 2017.
  5. ^ Schmid, Alex Peter, ed. (2011). The Routledge handbook of terrorism research. New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-41157-8.
  6. ^ "Incident Summary for GTDID: 200002160003". Retrieved 2024-04-29.
  7. ^ "Incident Summary for GTDID: 199709280004". Retrieved 2024-04-29.
  8. ^ "CeDeMA". Retrieved 2024-04-29.
  9. ^ "Varias evidencias detallan actividades subversivas de detenidos en Operativo Sol Rojo – Ministerio de Gobierno". Retrieved 2024-04-29.