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Martyrs' Day is an annual day observed by nations to salute the martyrdom of soldiers who lost their lives defending the sovereignty of the nation. The actual date may vary from one country to another. Here is a list of countries and Martyrs' Days.

Contents

AfghanistanEdit

Martyrs' Day is observed on September 8 or 9th (variable), the anniversary of Ahmad Shah Massoud's 2001 assassination. It commemorates all those who died fighting for Afghanistan.

ArmeniaEdit

Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day, also known as Armenian Christian Martyr day, on April 24 in Armenia, commemorating the Armenian genocide from 1915 to 1923 in Ottoman Empire Turkey.

AzerbaijanEdit

Martyrs' Day in Azerbaijan is observed on January 20, in memory of those killed in the Black January events.

BangladeshEdit

BurmaEdit

Burmese Martyrs' Day, on July 19, the day when nine Burmese independence leaders were assassinated in 1947.

EritreaEdit

Martyrs' Day (Eritrea), is observed on June 20 of every year to honor the fallen heroes of Eritrea's warriors from the Yikealo and Warsay generations .

IndiaEdit

Martyrs' Day (India), is observed on January 30, the anniversary of the assassination of Mohandas Gandhi in 1948. Martyrs' day is also observed across the Indian state of Punjab on March 23, on the death anniversary of Bhagat Singh in 1931 . 30 January is the date observed at the national level. The date was chosen as it marks the assassination of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in 1948, by Nathuram Godse.[1] On Martyr’s Day the president, the vice president, the prime minister, the defence minister, and the three Service Chiefs gather at the samadhi at Raj Ghat memorial and lay wreaths decorated with multi-colour flowers. The armed forces personnel blow bugles sounding the Last Post. The inter-services contingent reverse arms as a mark of respect. A two-minute silence in memory of Indian martyrs is observed throughout the country at 11 AM. Participants hold all-religion prayers and sing tributes.[2]

Jammu & Kashmir, India [Martyrs' Day] is observed in remembrance of the brave hearts of Indian CRPF jawans killed by terrorists on 14 Feb 2019.

LebanonEdit

Martyrs' Day (Lebanon and Syria), commemorates the execution of Syrian nationalists in Damascus by the Ottoman occupants on May 6, 1916. Also the martyrs of the Lebanese civil war from 1975 till 1990

LibyaEdit

16 September Martyrs' Day remembers Libyans killed or exiled under Italian rule and those who were killed in the 17 of February revolution.

MadagascarEdit

Martyrs' Day, every 29 March, commemorates the beginning of the 1947 Malagasy Uprising.

MalawiEdit

In Malawi, Martyrs' Day is celebrated on March 3 to honor the political heroes who gave their lives in the struggle against British colonialism.[3]

MalaysiaEdit

Warriors' Day (Malay: Hari PahlawanChinese: 国家纪念日) is a day in Malaysia that commemorates the servicemen killed during the two World Wars and the Malayan Emergency. By extension, it honours all individuals who lost their lives in the line of duty throughout Malaysia's history.

Mizoram (India)Edit

Martyrs' Day, every 20 September observed by MNF.

NepalEdit

In Nepal Martyrs day(Nepali: शहीद दिवस)is celebrated in (Nepali: माघ १६ गते)Magh 16 of Vikram Samvat calendar. The month of January and February correspond to Magh. Martyr (Nepali: शहिद; Shahid) in Nepal is a term for some one who is executed while making contributions for the welfare of the country or society. The term was originally used for individuals who died while opposing the Rana Regime which was in place in the Kingdom of Nepal from 1846 until 1951.

Lakhan Thapa is regarded as the first martyr of Nepal.[4]

PakistanEdit

Martyrs' Day (Pakistan) or Youm-e-Shuda is a Pakistani holiday held on 30 April to pay tribute to Pakistani military who died in service of their country.

PanamaEdit

Martyrs' Day (Panama), is a Panamanian holiday which commemorates the January 9, 1964 riots over sovereignty of the Panama Canal Zone.

São Tomé and PríncipeEdit

Dia dos Mártires da Liberdade, 3 February, commemorates the 1953 Batepá massacre.[5]

South SudanEdit

SyriaEdit

Martyrs' Day (Lebanon and Syria), commemorates the execution of Syrian nationalists in Damascus by the Ottoman occupants on May 6, 1916.

TogoEdit

June, 21

TunisiaEdit

April 9, Martyr's Day remembers Tunisians killed in 1938.

TurkeyEdit

March 19, in remembrance of Turkish soldiers fallen in action.[6] Ottoman forces defeated a naval attack of the Allied Powers in Gallipoli Campaign during World War I on March 18, 1915.

VietnamEdit

Memorial Day for War Martyrs, on July 27, in Vietnam.

UgandaEdit

In Uganda, Martyr's Day is celebrated on June 3, mainly in honor of the Uganda Martyrs; Christian converts who were murdered for their religion in Uganda's biggest kingdom, Buganda in the late-1880s.

United Arab EmiratesEdit

Martyrs' Day (United Arab Emirates) also known as Commemoration Day (United Arab Emirates) will be marked annually on November 30, recognising the sacrifices and dedication of Emirati martyrs who have given their life in the UAE and abroad in the field of civil, military and humanitarian service.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Rahman, Syedur; Craig Baxter (2002). Historical Dictionary of Bangladesh. Scarecrow Press. p. 196. ISBN 978-8170945888.
  2. ^ Muazzam Hussain Khan (2012), "Killing of Intellectuals", in Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.), Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.), Asiatic Society of Bangladesh
  3. ^ Malawi Martyrs Day infosite, answers.com; accessed 2 June 2015.
  4. ^ "Bad blood". Nepali Times. Archived from the original on 2012-06-09. Retrieved 2015-03-02.
  5. ^ "S. Tomé e Príncipe: Importância de massacre de Batepá tem sido ignorada". Observador (in Portuguese). 8 June 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  6. ^ "18 Mart Gününün Şehitler Günü ve 19 Eylül Gününün Gaziler Günü İlan Edilmesi Hakkında Kanun" (PDF) (in Turkish). Mevzuat. Retrieved 2013-09-30.
  7. ^ "Martyrs' Day holiday announced in UAE". GulfNews. 19 August 2015. Retrieved 19 August 2015.