Martin Sixsmith (born 24 September 1954) is a British author and radio/television presenter, primarily working for the BBC. He has also worked as an adviser to the Labour government and to the BBC television comedy series The Thick of It. Sixsmith's book, The Lost Child of Philomena Lee, was the basis for the 2013 film Philomena, in which Sixsmith is played by Steve Coogan.
|Born||24 September 1954 (age 65)|
|Education||Manchester Grammar School|
|Alma mater||Oxford University|
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Sixsmith was born in Warrington. He was educated at Manchester Grammar School, then at New College, Oxford, Harvard, the Sorbonne University in Paris, and in Saint Petersburg – then called Leningrad – in Russia. He studied Russian and French. He was a Slavics Tutor at Harvard, and wrote his postgraduate thesis about Russian poetry. Between 2002 and 2007 he studied psychology and applied psychology as a mature student at Birkbeck, University of London, and at London Metropolitan University.
Career and writingsEdit
Sixsmith joined the BBC in 1980 as a foreign correspondent, reporting from Moscow during the presidencies of Mikhail Gorbachev and Boris Yeltsin and the collapse of the Soviet Union. He also reported from Poland during the Solidarity uprising and was the BBC's Washington correspondent during the election and first presidency of Bill Clinton. He was based in Russia for five years, the US for four, Brussels for four and Poland for three.
Sixsmith left the BBC in 1997 to work for the newly elected government of Tony Blair. He became Director of Communications for the Department of Social Security (a civil service post), working first with Harriet Harman and Frank Field, then with Alistair Darling. His next position was as a Director of GEC plc, where he oversaw the rebranding of the company as Marconi Communications. In December 2001, he returned to the Civil Service to join the Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions as Director of Communications, where he became embroiled in a scandal over Jo Moore.
Moore was a special adviser to the transport secretary Stephen Byers and had been the subject of much public condemnation for suggesting that a controversial announcement should be "buried" during the media coverage of the September 11, 2001 attacks. Sixsmith incurred the displeasure of Tony Blair when his email advising Byers and Moore not to bury more bad news was leaked to the press. The government tried to force him to resign, but had later to issue an apology and pay him compensation.
Sixsmith was widely expected to write a memoir or autobiography in the wake of his civil service departure, but instead produced a novel about near-future politics called Spin which was published in 2004; this indirectly led to his employment as an adviser on The Thick of It. His second novel, I Heard Lenin Laugh, was published in 2005.
In 2006 he was commissioned by BBC Radio 4 to present a series of programmes on Russian poetry, literature and art, Challenging the Silence. In 2007, Sixsmith wrote The Litvinenko File, an examination of the feud between the Kremlin and Russia's émigré oligarchs. In 2008 he worked on two BBC documentaries exploring the legacy of the KGB in Russia and also presented a BBC documentary, The Snowy Streets of St Petersburg, about artists and writers who fled the former Eastern bloc. In 2009, The Lost Child of Philomena Lee was published, about the forcible separation of Philomena Lee and her son, Michael A. Hess, by the nuns of Sean Ross Abbey, an Irish convent, during the 1950s, and the subsequent attempts of Lee and Hess to contact one another.
In 2010, he wrote Putin's Oil, about Russia's energy wars and their consequences for Moscow and the world. In 2011, Sixsmith presented Russia: The Wild East, a 50-part history of Russia for BBC Radio 4. His book Russia, a 1,000-Year Chronicle of the Wild East was published by Random House. He continued to work as an adviser to the BBC political sitcom, The Thick of It, and the Oscar-nominated film, In the Loop. In 2013, The Lost Child of Philomena Lee was adapted into the film Philomena, directed by Stephen Frears, starring Judi Dench and Steve Coogan (as Sixsmith), and written by Coogan and Jeff Pope. It was nominated for four Oscars. In 2014 Sixsmith presented a 25-part BBC Radio 4 series about the history of psychology and psychiatry, In Search of Ourselves.
In 2015 he made a BBC television documentary, Ireland's Lost Babies, in which he revisited Philomena's story by travelling to the United States to investigate the Irish Catholic Church's role in an adoption trade which saw thousands of children taken from their mothers and sent abroad. His 2017 book, Ayesha's Gift, is the story of a young woman's search to discover the truth about her father, who had been murdered in Pakistan.
- Interview with Armando Iannucci, at bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 18 January 2007.
- ""These Unfortunate Events" – report of the House of Commons Select Committee on Public Administration".
- "Secrets and lies: Martin Sixsmith on the trail of a boy ripped from his mother", The Independent, 26 September 2009. Accessed 28 February 2016
- "Sixsmith unspun". 28 June 2006. Retrieved 31 May 2017 – via The Guardian.
- Lewycka, Marina (8 July 2006). "Spinning the Soviets". Retrieved 31 May 2017 – via The Guardian.
- Sixsmith, Martin (11 August 2011). The Lost Child of Philomena Lee: A Mother, Her Son and a Fifty Year Search. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-74427-1. Retrieved 9 August 2014.
- Sixsmith, Martin (19 September 2009). "The Catholic church sold my child". The Guardian. London.
- Russia: The Wild East. Accessed 12 August 2011.
- "Ireland's Lost Babies - 'a devastatingly powerful piece of work that will move you to tears one moment and blood-boiling outrage the next' - Independent.ie". Retrieved 15 September 2015.