Martin Luther's Death House

Martin Luther's Death House (German: Martin Luthers Sterbehaus) is an historic building in Eisleben, Saxony-Anhalt Germany, long regarded as the place where the influential theologian Martin Luther died on 18 February 1546. Along with Martin Luther's Birth House in Eisleben and other sites associated with Martin Luther in Wittenberg, the building was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1996.[1] It is now a museum.

Martin Luther's Death House
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Sterbehaus Luther Eisleben.JPG
The house where it was thought that Martin Luther died
Official nameLuther's Death House
LocationEisleben, Mansfeld-Südharz, Sachsen-Anhalt, Germany
Part ofLuther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg
CriteriaCultural: (iv)(vi)
Reference783-001
Inscription1996 (20th Session)
Area0.12 ha (13,000 sq ft)
Buffer zone1.37 ha (147,000 sq ft)

HistoryEdit

Luther travelled on 23 January 1546 from Halle to Eisleben on a mission to solve an inheritance dispute in the House of Mansfeld. This mediation was protracted and in the meantime Luther was tormented by cramps in his chest. Luther anticipated his death many days beforehand because he was increasingly suffering many heart attacks. By 17 February 1546 the inheritance dispute had finally been resolved and at dinner that day Luther commented he would finally lie down to sleep in his coffin and allow the worms to have a good meal. The pain in his chest continued to worsen and many medications were tried on him, but to no avail.[2] It was claimed that in his last hours more than twenty people were with him, including his son Paul Luther. The theologian Justus Jonas documented the version of his death accepted by Luther's followers.[3] According to this version, Luther recited prayers, begged the Lord to take his soul and then his senses faded.[2] On 18 February 1546, Luther died at the age of 62 years. The reason for his death is assumed to be a cardiac infarct.[3]

The question of how Martin Luther died became essential to the fate of the Protestant Reformation. The Roman Catholic church preached that the manner of death attests the life and that the devil uses the last moments of life as his last chance to tempt the individual. Immediately after Luther's death, Catholic pamphlets spread rapidly, alleging that Luther had drunk himself to death with alcohol. One of his retainers, Ambrosio Kudtfeld, attested that he had hanged himself, and some of the details he gave of Luther's appearance were corroborated. The site of Luther's last rest became a place of worship for the faithful of the Protestant religion and they went on pilgrimages to the house until this was banned in 1707.[2]

Restoration and reopeningEdit

In February 2013 the building was reopened, after two years of major restoration and extension of the museum costing 5.8 million euros. A new exhibition, "Luthers letzter Weg" (in English: Luther's last path), now chronicles his decease and reveals Luther's attitude to death. Now for the first time in history, it is possible for visitors to explore all chambers of the building.[4] The new exhibition contains about 110 exhibits, including historic furniture, documents and signatures, as well as the original cloth that covered Luther's coffin.[3]

Unfortunately in 2013 it became clear that in 1726 the chronicler Eusibius Francke confused the site of the houses of Barthel Drachstedt and of his father Dr. Philipp Drachstedt. The consequence of this mistake was that in 1862 the town of Eisleben took over the "false" house. In 1892 the house was almost completely rebuilt in order to reflect what was believed to be its appearance at the time of Luther's death, even down to a reconstruction of the supposed room of his death.[5]

It is now known that in fact Luther died in a house at Am Markt 56, which is currently occupied by the 'Hotel Graf Mansfeld'.

This mistake is rather unfortunate as a considerable sum of money has been invested in building the Luther 'Sterbe Haus' Museum at what is now known to be the wrong site. The Hotel Graf Mansfeld in turn has no desire to become a museum or a pilgrimage site. On the other hand, Protestants are not urging it to become one, and there is not much of an ongoing dispute about the matter.

MuseumEdit

From November until March the museum is open from Tuesday to Sunday (it is closed on Monday), from 10am—5pm. From April until October the museum is open on all days of the week, from 10am—6pm .[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Luther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. Retrieved 3 July 2022.
  2. ^ a b c Dieckmann, Christoph (12 February 2013). "Martini Himmelfahrt". Die Zeit. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d "Luthers letzter Weg: Museum in Eisleben widmet sich dem Tod". Westdeutsche Zeitung. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
  4. ^ "Luthers Sterbehaus wieder für Besucher offen". Die Welt. 31 January 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2013.
  5. ^ "Luther Sterbehaus". Stadt Eisleben website. Accessed 24 September 2013. N.B.: The information is provided in the German language version of the page, but not in the website's English version of the page.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 51°31′41″N 11°32′40″E / 51.52807°N 11.54433°E / 51.52807; 11.54433