Martin Kirschner

Martin Kirschner (28 October 1879 – 30 August 1942) was a German surgeon.[1]

Martin Kirschner
Martin Kirschner.jpg
Martin Kirschner
Born28 October 1879
Breslau, Germany
Died30 August 1942(1942-08-30) (aged 62)
Heidelberg, Germany
Scientific career

Kirschner was born in Breslau, the son of Margarethe Kalbeck (sister of Max Kalbeck) and Judge Martin Kirschner (1842–1912), who later served as city councillor (member of the city government) of Breslau since 1873 and a member of the city parliament as of 1879. In 1892 he became burgomaster of Berlin (vice-mayor) and advanced to its Lord Mayor (Oberbürgermeister) holding that office between 1899 and 1912.

Kirschner junior attended the universities of Freiburg, Strassburg, Zurich and Munich.

Following his promotion in Strassburg in 1904 he went to Berlin for postgraduate studies under Rudolf von Renvers (1854–1909). Between 1908 and 1910 he was at the university surgical clinic in Greifswald under Erwin Payr (1871–1947), then went to Königsberg to work with Payr and Paul Leopold Friedrich (1864–1916). He was appointed professor of surgery at Königsberg in 1916, and in 1927 accepted an invitation to move to the same chair in Tübingen.

On 18 March 1924, Kirschner performed the first successful pulmonary artery embolectomyTrendelenburg's operation. He developed a new method for the making an artificial oesophagus and a method for the opening of the knee joint.

In 1933 he published the first stereotactic surgery in humans, for a method to treat trigeminal neuralgia by inserting an electrode into the trigeminal nerve and ablating it.[2]: 13 [3][4]

Kirschner died, aged 62, in Heidelberg.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Bumbasirević, Marko; Lesić Aleksandar; Zagorac Slavisa; Cobeljić Goran (2009). "Martin Kirschner (1879-1942): the founder of modern trauma clinics and emergency medicine". Srp Arh Celok Lek (in Serbian). Serbia. 137 (7–8): 449–53. ISSN 0370-8179. PMID 19764604.
  2. ^ Solberg, Timothy D.; Siddon, Robert L.; Kavanagh, Brian (2012). "Chapter 1: Historical Development of Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy". In Lo, Simon S.; Teh, B.S.; Lu, J.J.; Schefter, T.E. (eds.). Stereotactic body radiation therapy. Berlin: Springer. pp. 9–35. doi:10.1007/174_2012_540. ISBN 978-3-642-25605-9.
  3. ^ Kandel, Edward I. (1989). Functional and Stereotactic Neurosurgery. Boston, MA: Springer US. p. 420. ISBN 9781461307037.
  4. ^ Kirschner, M (1933). "Die Punktionstechnik und die Elektrokoagulation des Ganglion Gasseri". Arch Klin Chir. 176: 581–620. ISSN 0365-3706.

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