Marta Teresa Smith de Vasconcellos Suplicy (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈmaʁtɐ supliˈsi]; born 18 March 1945) is a Brazilian politician and psychologist. She was Mayor of São Paulo from 2001 to 2004. She later served as the Brazilian Minister of Tourism between 14 March 2007, and 4 June 2008, when she resigned to run again for the mayoralty of São Paulo. In 2015, she left the Brazilian Workers' Party (PT). Suplicy is currently a member of Solidariedade (SD).
|Municipal Secretary of International Relations of São Paulo|
|Assumed office |
1 January 2021
|Preceded by||Luiz Alvaro Salles Aguiar de Menezes|
|Senator for São Paulo|
1 February 2011 – 1 February 2019
|Minister of Culture|
13 September 2012 – 11 November 2014
|Preceded by||Ana de Hollanda|
|Succeeded by||Ana Cristina Wanzeler|
|Minister of Tourism|
23 March 2007 – 3 June 2008
|President||Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva|
|Preceded by||Walfrido dos Mares Guia|
|Succeeded by||Luis Barreto Filho|
|Mayor of São Paulo|
1 January 2001 – 1 January 2005
|Vice Mayor||Hélio Bicudo|
|Preceded by||Celso Pitta|
|Succeeded by||José Serra|
|Federal Deputy from São Paulo|
1 February 1995 – 1 February 1999
Marta Teresa Smith de Vasconcellos
18 March 1945
São Paulo, Brazil
(m. 1965; div. 2001)
(m. 2003; div. 2009)
|Alma mater||Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo (PUC-SP)|
University of Stanford
|Profession||Politician, psychologist, psychoanalyst|
Marta Suplicy attended Michigan State University (1966–68), and Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo (1969–75); she did graduate work at Stanford University (1973). Suplicy started her career as a TV anchorwoman, providing sex advice on a popular show named TV Mulher (Woman TV), broadcast by Rede Globo. While serving as Congresswoman she proposed a gay civil unions act. After running for governor of São Paulo and losing to Mário Covas of the Brazilian Social Democracy Party (PSDB) in 1998, she was elected mayor of the state capital, São Paulo, in 2000.
Her administration of the city is marked by the changes she made to the city's bus system, creating a ticket that is valid for a period of two hours, called bilhete único. In the public educational system she created large schools and cultural centers, called "CEU", which were built in the poorest districts of the city. Towards the end of her administration, she began the construction of several underpasses which alleviated traffic in certain points of the city. She also increased many existing municipal taxes as well as creating new ones. In 2004 she ran for a second term, but was unseated by former PSDB presidential candidate José Serra.
On 14 March 2007, Suplicy accepted the Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva's invitation to become the new Minister of Tourism. Later that same year, on 13 June 2007, when interviewed about the 2006–2007 Brazilian aviation crisis, Suplicy suggested that users of the Congonhas Airport in São Paulo who suffered long delays while heading for vacation should "relax and enjoy because they will forget the troubles afterwards" (Portuguese: "relaxa e goza porque você vai esquecer dos transtornos."). Her speech included a double entendre, as the word she used for "enjoy" can also refer to an orgasm.
On 3 October 2010, Suplicy was elected for the Federal Senate of Brazil, becoming the top voted female Senator ever, receiving over 8.2 million votes. She is also the first female ever elected Senator from São Paulo, the most populous state of Brazil. She promised to fight for the approval of PLC 122, a bill criminalizing homophobia, and also reintroduced the same-sex civil unions bill. The latter received its first victory in the Senate Human Rights Committee on 24 May 2012.
In 2016, after leaving the PT and joining the PMDB, Suplicy vigorously supported Vice President Michel Temer and President of Congress Eduardo Cunha in the move to impeach her former political party colleague President Dilma Rousseff. Suplicy's decision was deemed seriously divisive by many including her son, Supla, who proclaimed,"Minha mãe é golpista, meu pai é petista e eu sou anarquista. Momentos políticos difíceis, né" (My mother is a coup-plotter, my father is a member of the PT, and I am an anarchist. Difficult times, huh?).
Suplicy has three sons, one of whom is the musician Supla. From 1965 to 2001, she was married to Eduardo Suplicy, a PT Brazilian senator from the state of São Paulo who is the father of her children. Later, she married Luis Favre, whom she divorced after a relationship of nearly eight years. She currently dates Márcio Toledo, ex-president of the Jockey Club of São Paulo.
- Linhares, Carolina (2 April 2020). "Marta se filia ao Solidariedade e fala em exercer qualquer papel nas eleições em SP" (in Portuguese). Folha de S. Paulo. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
- Matais, Andreza (14 March 2007), Marta aceita ocupar Ministério do Turismo, Folha de S.Paulo
- Pariz, Tiago.Marta sobre a crise aérea: 'relaxa e goza'. G1.com.br. June 13, 2007. Retrieved August 28, 2007.
- Glüsing, Jens. "200 Feared Dead in Sao Paulo Crash." Spiegel Online. 18 July 2007. Retrieved on 31 January 2009.
- "Aloysio Nunes é o senador mais votado do Brasil" (in Portuguese). Jornal do Brasil. 4 October 2010. Missing or empty
- Pichonelli, Matheus (3 October 2010). "Com Marta, São Paulo elege pela primeira vez uma mulher senadora" (in Portuguese). iG São Paulo. Retrieved 13 January 2015.
- "Lei anti-homofobia será arquivada no Senado: entenda o motivo". UOL. Mix Brasil. Archived from the original on 7 January 2011.
| Mayor of São Paulo
Walfrido dos Mares Guia
| Minister of Tourism
Luis Barreto Filho
Ana de Hollanda
| Minister of Culture
Ana Cristina Wanzeler
Luiz Alvaro Salles Aguiar de Menezes
| Municipal Secretary of International Relations of São Paulo
|Party political offices|
| PT nominee for Mayor of São Paulo
2000, 2004, 2008
| PMDB nominee for Mayor of São Paulo