Martín Chirino López (1 March 1925 – 11 March 2019) was a Spanish sculptor. Cofounder of the group El Paso (The Step) in 1957, Chirino worked mainly with iron and his work is categorized as abstract art.
Martín Chirino at an exhibition
Martín Chirino López
1 March 1925
Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain
|Died||11 March 2019 (aged 94)|
|Awards||National Award for Plastic Arts (1980)|
Chirino was born on 1 March 1925 in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, in the Las Canteras beach.
in 1948 Chirino traveled to Madrid, where he studied at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando.
In 1952 he finished his Fine Arts studies obtaining the degree of professor. The next year he traveled to London where he attended classes at the Royal Academy of Arts where he finished his education as a sculptor. After that he returned to Las Palmas where he developed a strong cooperation with his friend Manolo Millares.
Relocation to Madrid. El PasoEdit
After doing his first exhibitions in the Canary islands Chirino traveled to Madrid on 14 September 1955, along with his friends Manolo Millares, Elvireta Escobio, Manuel Padorno and Alejandro Reino. He did his first individual exhibition at the Ateneo de Madrid. In February 1957 the group El Paso (The Step) was founded, with Antonio Saura, Manolo Millares, Manuel Rivera, Rafael Canogar, Luis Feito, Antonio Suárez, Pablo Serrano, Juana Francés, José Ayllón and Manuel Conde. Martín Chirino joined the group after his exhibition at the Ateneo de Madrid, along with Manuel Viola.
In May 1960 the El Paso group was dissolved due to internal differences. Chirino then opened his workshop in San Sebastián de los Reyes designed by Antonio Fernández Alba, an architect close to the disbanded El Paso group.
In 1964, a two-month trip to Greece inspires his "Mediterránea" series. In 1966 he attended the inauguration of the Museo de Arte Abstracto Español in Cuenca, Spain, the museum purchased two of his works for its permanent collection: "Raíz" (1958) and "El Viento" (1966).
In 1969 the Grace Borgenicht Gallery of New York City, hosted a solo exhibition of "Mediterráneas". The sculptures in this collection are made of iron sheets painted in vivid colors. Around this time Chirino started to work with sheets, creating hollowed volumes.
At the X Concorso Internazionale del Bronzetto de Padova Chirino was given his first international award. At a new exhibition at the Grace Borgenicht Gallery, he presented his new collection, the “Aeróvoros”, apparently ingravid, flying sculptures that where baptized by Maud Westerdahl. The Guggenheim Museum acquired one.
In 1978 he received the first prize at the International Biennale of sculpture in Budapest.
In 1979 his exhibition "Afrocan" at the Grace Borgenicht Gallery received positive reviews from the New York press.
In 1989 Chirinos was appointed director of the newly inaugurated Centro Atlántico de Arte Moderno (CAAM) in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. At the time he was also director of the Círculo de Bellas Artes of Madrid a position he had held since 1982.
In 1996 "Lady Harimaguada" was inaugurated, it was later adopted as a symbol of the city and the design used as the trophy awarded at the Festival Internacional de Cine de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria. In 1999 his Spiral was installed at the Canarian Parliament Building, that uses it as its symbol. The Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria also includes in its logo an image of the sculpture "El Pensador" installed at its Tafira campus.
In 2002 Chirino resigned as director of the CAAM, in the middle of a controversial remodeling of the museum. on 11 October 2014 he was appointed as honorary member of the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando.
- Ashbery, John (16 April 1979). "Poetry in motion". New York. p. 96. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
- "El palacio de Velázquez reune a los seis premios nacionales de Artes Plásticas 1980" [The Palacio de Velázquez Brings Together Six Winners of National Awards for Plastic Arts]. El País (in Spanish). 20 March 1981. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
- "La dirección del CAAM desmonta el equipo científico de Martín Chirino" (in Spanish). ABC. 9 April 2002. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
- "Angulo: "Es evidente que Martín Chirino tenía que marcharse"" (in Spanish). ABC. 11 April 2002. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
- Morales, Manuel (12 October 2014). "Chirino: "Soy un herrero del arte"" (in Spanish). El País. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
- "Adiós a Martín Chirino, gran señor del hierro". abc (in Spanish). 11 March 2019. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
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