Marsoui, Quebec

Marsoui is a village municipality in the Gaspésie–Îles-de-la-Madeleine region of Quebec, Canada.

Church in Marsoui
Church in Marsoui
Location within La Haute-Gaspésie RCM.
Location within La Haute-Gaspésie RCM.
Marsoui is located in Eastern Quebec
Location in eastern Quebec.
Coordinates: 49°13′N 66°04′W / 49.217°N 66.067°W / 49.217; -66.067Coordinates: 49°13′N 66°04′W / 49.217°N 66.067°W / 49.217; -66.067[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RCMLa Haute-Gaspésie
ConstitutedJanuary 1, 1950
 • MayorGhislain Deschenes
 • Federal ridingHaute-Gaspésie—La
 • Prov. ridingGaspé
 • Total177.10 km2 (68.38 sq mi)
 • Land183.63 km2 (70.90 sq mi)
 There is an apparent
contradiction between two
authoritative sources
 • Total309
 • Density1.7/km2 (4/sq mi)
 • Pop 2006-2011
Decrease 9.4%
 • Dwellings
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
Area code(s)418 and 581
Highways Route 132

The name Marsoui is thought to originate from the Mi'kmaq word malseoui, meaning "flint" which is abundant in the area. However, another theory explains that it comes from the French word marsouin, the vernacular term for porpoise or beluga whale that used to be present in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence in large numbers. Alternate spellings used over time were Marsouis, Marsoin, and Marsouins.[1]


While the beluga hunt and cod fishing was popular in this area during the late 17th century, it was not until 1836 that the first permanent settlers, the Henley family of Mont-Louis, arrived. They were followed by people from Jersey.[1]

In 1890, the Mission of Sainte-Émélie-de-Marsoui was founded there, and 3 years later, the local post office opened.[1] Subsistence fishing was the main economic activity until 1911. Then a small saw mill was built that started the transformation to a forestry-based economy. Over the following decades, several saw mills burnt down and were rebuilt.[4]

During the Prohibition era in the United States, Marsoui was a favorite hideout for smugglers fleeing the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.[1]

In 1923, the villages of Marsoui and Rivière-à-la-Marthe separated from the municipality of Sainte-Anne-des-Monts to form the Township Municipality of Christie. In turn, Marsoui separated from this township in 1950 to be incorporated as a village municipality. Its first mayor was Alphonse Couturier, whose company had built a large saw mill in Marsoui in 1940.[5]

From 1945 to 1954, a lead and zinc mine operated about 21 kilometres (13 mi) southwest of Marsoui.[4]



Canada census – Marsoui, Quebec community profile
2011 2006
Population: 309 (-9.4% from 2006) 341 (-8.6% from 2001)
Land area: 183.63 km2 (70.90 sq mi) 183.63 km2 (70.90 sq mi)
Population density: 1.7/km2 (4.4/sq mi) 1.9/km2 (4.9/sq mi)
Median age: 55.2 (M: 55.1, F: 55.3) 49.6 (M: 49.5, F: 49.7)
Total private dwellings: 177 162
Median household income: $55,296 $49,071
References: 2011[3] 2006[6] earlier[7]
1991 475—    
1996 440−7.4%
2001 373−15.2%
2006 341−8.6%
2011 309−9.4%


The primary industry of Marsoui is forestry. The Bois Marsoui GDS mill supports 60% of its population. There is also a small tourism industry, including 2 commercial sugar houses. Other businesses provide local commercial and public services.[9][10]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c d e "Marsoui (Municipalité de village)" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2012-02-06.
  2. ^ a b "Marsoui". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Archived from the original on 2012-06-07. Retrieved 2012-04-02.
  3. ^ a b c "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-02-03.
  4. ^ a b "Economie, historique" (in French). Municipalité de Marsoui. Retrieved 2011-12-16.
  5. ^ "Municipalité, historique" (in French). Municipalité de Marsoui. Retrieved 2011-12-16.
  6. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-12-15.
  7. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  8. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  9. ^ "Municipalité de Marsoui" (in French). MRC de La Haute-Gaspésie. Retrieved 2011-12-19.
  10. ^ "Marsoui" (in French). Gaspésie et des Îles-de-la-Madeleine. Retrieved 2011-12-19.