Marrowbone Lane

Marrowbone Lane (Irish: Lána Mhuire Mhaith) is a street off Cork Street in Dublin, Ireland.

Marrowbone Lane
Marrowbone Lane Garrison 4.jpg
Sign commemorating the Marrowbone Lane Garrison of 1916
Marrowbone Lane is located in Central Dublin
Marrowbone Lane
Native nameLána Mhuire Mhaith  (Irish)
Part ofThe Liberties
NamesakeMarylebone
Length700 m (2,300 ft)
Widthvariable, up to 20 metres (66 ft)
LocationDublin, Ireland
Postal codeD08
Coordinates53°20′24″N 6°17′09″W / 53.339949°N 6.285764°W / 53.339949; -6.285764Coordinates: 53°20′24″N 6°17′09″W / 53.339949°N 6.285764°W / 53.339949; -6.285764
north endThomas Court, School Street, Earl Street South
south endCork Street
Other
Known fordistillery, infirmary, Easter Rising

The street is known for the fierce fighting that took place on it during the Easter Rising of 1916. The distillery on this street was used as a strongpoint by a force of more than a hundred rebels under the command of Éamonn Ceannt, which also held the nearby South Dublin Union.[1] Ceannt was executed by the British authorities after the rising's failure. His second-in-command was Cathal Brugha, and other participants who achieved later prominence in one way or another were W. T. Cosgrave, Joseph McGrath and Denis O'Brien.[2]

In describing the careers of participants, the terms "fought at Marrowbone Lane" and "fought at the South Dublin Union" are used interchangeably.

Painting of Marrowbone Lane, Joseph Malachy Kavanagh, c. 1876–1918.

In 1939, Robert Collis wrote the play Marrowbone Lane.

Marrowbone Lane is notable for what the National Inventory of Architectural Heritage describes as an "elegant early social housing scheme", designed by Dublin Corporation's Housing Architect Herbert George Simms, and built in the late 1930s, with curved corners that respond to the curve of Marrowbone Lane. "It is an excellent example of early modernist architecture which employed materials historically used in the area. H.G. Simms was housing architect to Dublin Corporation from 1932 until 1948. During his time in office, Simms was responsible for the design of some 17,000 new homes."

NameEdit

The lane is named after Marylebone in London; Pimlico is located right next to it, and other London-inspired street names are nearby, like Spitalfields. These were brought to Dublin by London wool-workers, who settled in the area after William III's conquest of Ireland in 1690.[3][4] Marylebone, London, commonly pronounced like "Marrow-bone", is named after the church of St Mary at the Bourne, later corrupted to "Mary le Bone", Middle French for "Mary the Good." The Irish street name reproduces this error, literally meaning "Lane of Mary the Good."[5] By 1743, the street name was corrupted to Marrowbone Lane.[6]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Boylan, Henry (1998). A Dictionary of Irish Biography, 3rd Edition. Dublin: Gill and MacMillan. p. 63. ISBN 0-7171-2945-4.
  2. ^ Ryan, Desmond (1966). The Rising (4th ed.). Dublin: Golden Eagle Books. pp. 172–184.
  3. ^ Johnston, Máirín (November 30, 1985). Around the banks of Pimlico. Attic Press. ISBN 9780946211166 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ Martin-McAuliffe, Samantha L. (September 22, 2016). Food and Architecture: At The Table. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 9781472520227 – via Google Books.
  5. ^ Smith, Thomas (1833). A Topographical and Historical Account of the Parish of St. Mary-le-Bone. London: John Smith. pp. 3. st mary at the bourne.
  6. ^ Bardon, Carol and Jonathan (1988). If Ever You Go to Dublin Town. Belfast: The Blackstaff Press. p. 63. ISBN 0-85640-397-0.