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Marlow Lock is a lock and weir situated on the River Thames in the town of Marlow, Buckinghamshire, England, about 300m downstream of Marlow Bridge. The first pound lock was built by the Thames Navigation Commission in 1773.

Marlow Lock
MarlowLock01.JPG
Marlow Lock from downstream
WaterwayRiver Thames
CountyBuckinghamshire
Maintained byEnvironment Agency
OperationHydraulic
First built1773
Latest built1927
Length46.10 m (151 ft 3 in) [1]
Width6.07 m (19 ft 11 in)[1]
Fall2.16 m (7 ft 1 in)[1]
Above sea level88'
Distance to
Teddington Lock
37 miles
Marlow Lock
River Thames
Temple Lock
Temple Mill
Temple Mill Island
Marlow Suspension Bridge
Marlow Lock
A404 Marlow By-pass Bridge
River Thames
Marlow Lock
Marlow weir on the left upstream of the lock

The weir stretches a long way upstream above the lock.

HistoryEdit

 
Marlow lock house from the depths of the lock

A weir at Marlow is recorded in Domesday book, and there are 14th century records of a winch to pull traffic through a flash lock. The lock was very problematical and in the 16th and 17th century there are accounts of conflicts between millers and navigators. A particular problems was the shallow draught. The first pound lock was built of fir in 1773, the seventh downstream of the eight built after the 1770 navigation act. It was upstream of the present lock on still proved problematical. Rollers were needed to guide barges in and as there was no towpath barges needed tow ropes several hundred feet long. The lock needed extensive repairs in 1780 and a year later eel bucks had to be removed from the flash lock in case it was needed. The first lock house was erected in 1815 and in 1825 the lock was reconstructed on its present site of Headington stone. The weir was rebuilt in 1872.[2] The last rebuilding of the lock occurred in 1927.

Access to the lockEdit

The lock is easily accessible, being located in the town. Lock access from the Thames Path requires a short walk through town back streets.

Reach above the lockEdit

 
Marlow from the river
 
Bisham looking downstream

The long weir stretches several hundred yards above the lock, and beyond it is Marlow suspension bridge close to the church. Once the river leaves the Marlow, it curls through hills and beechwoods. On the Berkshire side is Bisham Abbey, a fine old mansion associated with Anne of Cleves and Queen Elizabeth that is now one of the National Sports Centres. Further upstream is the church of Bisham itself.

Temple Mill Island is just downstream of Temple Lock.

Temple Regatta takes place in early May between Marlow Bridge and Temple Lock, and Marlow Town Regatta is held in June.

Sports clubsEdit

Thames PathEdit

The Thames Path leaves Marlow and continues on the Bucks side to Temple Lock.

Literature and the mediaEdit

The poet Percy Bysshe Shelley lived in Marlow and spent much of his time on the river above the lock in a skiff. It was during this time that he composed The Revolt of Islam.[3]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Environment Agency Dimensions of locks on the River Thames". web page. Environmental Agency. 8 November 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2012. Dimensions given in metres
  2. ^ Fred. S. Thacker The Thames Highway: Volume II Locks and Weirs 1920 - republished 1968 David & Charles
  3. ^ Thomas Medwin The Life of Percy Bysshe Shelley
  4. ^ a b "Environment Agency Distances between locks on the River Thames". web page. Environmental Agency. 19 November 2012. Retrieved 21 November 2012. Distances given in km

Coordinates: 51°34′02″N 0°46′08″W / 51.5673°N 0.768812°W / 51.5673; -0.768812