Mark Robson (4 December 1913 – 20 June 1978) was a Canadian-born film director, producer, and editor. Robson began his 45-year career in Hollywood as a film editor. He later began working as a director and producer. He directed thirty-four films during his career, including The Bridges at Toko-Ri (1955), Peyton Place (1957), for which he earned his first Oscar nomination, Von Ryan's Express (1965), and Valley of the Dolls (1967).
|Born||4 December 1913|
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
|Died||20 June 1978 (aged 64)|
|Resting place||Mount Sinai Memorial Park Cemetery, Los Angeles|
|Alma mater||University of California, Los Angeles|
Pacific Coast University School of Law
|Occupation||Film director, producer, editor|
|Spouse(s)||Sarah Naomi Riskind (1936-1978) (his death) |
Early life and careerEdit
Born in Montreal, he attended Roslyn Elementary School and Westmount High School in Montreal. He later studied at the University of California, Los Angeles and Pacific Coast University School of Law. Robson then found work in the prop department at 20th Century Fox studios. He eventually went to work at RKO Pictures where he began training as a film editor.
In 1940, he worked as an assistant to Robert Wise on the editing of Citizen Kane, the film debut of Orson Welles. He and Wise also edited Welles' next movie, The Magnificent Ambersons (1942), and made drastic cuts to the ending of the film, which Welles disagreed with.
Robson was promoted to editor for The Falcon's Brother (1942), an RKO B picture. He then edited Journey into Fear (1943), made by Orson Welles' company. The editing was again done without Welles' involvement.
Work with Val LewtonEdit
Both Robson and Wise benefited from producer and screenwriter Val Lewton, who was supervising a series of low budget horror films at RKO that have since become legendary. The first was Cat People (1942), directed by Jacques Tourneur. Robson edited Lewton's next two films, both directed by Tourneur, I Walked with a Zombie (1943) and The Leopard Man (1943).
Lewton was so impressed with Robson's work that he promoted him to director for The Seventh Victim (1943). Lewton liked the result, so Robson directed The Ghost Ship (1943). Lewton also gave Robert Wise his first directing job, on The Curse of the Cat People (1944).
Lewton wanted to make non-horror films and RKO allowed him to make Youth Runs Wild (1944), a juvenile delinquency story; Robson directed, but the film was not a commercial success. More popular was Isle of the Dead (1945) starring Boris Karloff. Lewton, Karloff and Robson reunited on Bedlam (1946), which lost money at the box office and turned out to be the last horror movie produced by Lewton.
Robson's success at RKO led to work on major film projects, and in 1949 he was nominated for the Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures for his work on the film noir Champion, produced by Stanley Kramer. Robson directed another film for Kramer, Home of the Brave (1949), one of the first films to deal with the issue of racism.
Next Robson directed Roughshod (1949), a Western, for RKO, and My Foolish Heart (also 1949), a melodrama for producer Sam Goldwyn. Goldwyn then used Robson for Edge of Doom (1950) and I Want You (1951). At Universal Robson made Bright Victory (1951).
Robson briefly brought Val Lewton and Robert Wise into a partnership for film and television production, only to drop the ailing Lewton without explanation a few months later. Robson and Wise produced Return to Paradise (1953), starring Gary Cooper. For Warwick Films, Robson directed Alan Ladd in Hell Below Zero (1954). He made a comedy at Columbia, Phffft (1954), then had one of the biggest hits in his career with The Bridges at Toko-Ri (1954). This film won him another DGA nomination. Warwick Films used him again for A Prize of Gold (1955). He went to MGM to make Trial (1955). His boxing film, The Harder They Fall (1956), was based on a novel by Budd Schulberg.
The Little Hut (1957), for MGM, was a huge hit. Even bigger was Peyton Place (1957), for 20th Century Fox. Robson was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Director. He was nominated again the following year for directing Ingrid Bergman in The Inn of the Sixth Happiness. For these films, he also received his third and fourth Directors Guild of America nominations.
Robson produced and directed From the Terrace (1960) starring Paul Newman. He produced The Inspector (1962) and Nine Hours to Rama (1963), the latter of which he also directed. After completing that film, Robson left Fox after a five-year association.
Robson made a series of films that were commercially disappointing: Daddy's Gone A-Hunting (1969), Happy Birthday, Wanda June (1971), and Limbo (1972). In 1974, he directed Earthquake, the film that introduced "Sensurround".
Robson was married to Sarah Naomi Riskind from 1936 until his death on 20 June 1978, from a heart attack in London after completing Avalanche Express. The film was released a year after his death. The couple had three children.
- Citizen Kane (1941, assistant editor, uncredited)
- The Magnificent Ambersons (1942, assistant editor, uncredited)
- Mail Trouble (1942)
- The Falcon's Brother (1942)
- Cat People (1942)
- Journey into Fear (1943)
- I Walked with a Zombie (1943)
- The Leopard Man (1943)
- The Seventh Victim (1943)
- The Ghost Ship (1943)
- Youth Runs Wild (1944)
- Isle of the Dead (1945)
- Bedlam (1946, director and screenwriter)
- Champion (1949)
- Roughshod (1949)
- Home of the Brave (1949)
- My Foolish Heart (1949)
- Edge of Doom (1950)
- Bright Victory (1951)
- I Want You (1951)
- Return to Paradise (1953, director and producer)
- Hell Below Zero (1954)
- Phffft! (1954)
- The Bridges at Toko-Ri (1955)
- A Prize of Gold (1955)
- Trial (1955)
- The Harder They Fall (1956)
- The Little Hut (1957, director and producer)
- Peyton Place (1957)
- The Inn of the Sixth Happiness (1958)
- From the Terrace (1960, director and producer)
- The Inspector (1962, director and producer)
- Nine Hours to Rama (1963, director and producer)
- The Prize (1963)
- Von Ryan's Express (1965)
- Lost Command (1966, director and producer)
- Valley of the Dolls (1967, director and producer)
- Daddy's Gone A-Hunting (1969, director and producer)
- Happy Birthday, Wanda June (1971, director and producer)
- Limbo (1972)
- Earthquake (1974, director and producer)
- Avalanche Express (1979, director and producer)
- Blau, Eleanor (22 June 1978). "Mark Robson, Film Director, Dies; Did 'Champion' and 'Earthquake'". The New York Times.
- "On & Off the Record: Show Business". The Montreal Gazette. 17 July 1967. p. 4. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- Blau, Eleanor (22 June 1978). "Mark Robson, Film Director, Dies; Did 'Champion' and 'Earthquake'; Praised by Critic Directed 'Bright Victory'". The New York Times. p. D19.
- Lindgren, Kris. "Mark Robson". LA Times. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- "Robert Wise, Film Director, Dies at 91". nytimes.com. 16 September 2005. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- THEODORE STRAUSS (30 August 1942). "ROLLING UP FROM RIO: Despite a Sea of Trouble, Orson Welles Remains His Irrepressible Self". New York Times. p. X3 – via ProQuest.
- Richard Jewel, 'RKO Film Grosses: 1931–1951', Historical Journal of Film Radio and Television, Vol 14, No 1, 1994, p. 46[ISBN missing]
- "Guinness, Kerr Head Academy Award Lists". Saskatoon Star-Phoenix. 18 February 1958. p. 5. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
- Gardner, R.H. (1 March 1959). "Oscar Derby--Our Critic's Comments". The Baltimore Sun.
- MURRAY SCHUMACH (26 June 1961). "ROBSON SADDENED BY STAY IN EUROPE". New York Times. ProQuest 115446348.
- "ROBSON ENDS PACT AS FOX PRODUCER: His Red Lion Films Severs 5-Year Association Music Hall Records Casting Notes Charles Theatre Awards Manulis Goes to Europe". New York Times. 6 July 1962. p. 13.
- Thomas, Tony (24 May 1968). "Dolls warned to avoid valley". The Phoenix. p. 10. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- Kapica, Jack (8 January 1975). "Earthquake sharing things up inside the theatres-and out". The Montreal Gazette. p. 39. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
- Canby, Vincent (12 November 1979). "'Avalanche Express' Is Tacky Melodrama". Youngstown Vindicator. p. 36. Retrieved 23 November 2012.
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