Mark Girouard

Mark Girouard FSA (7 October 1931 – 16 August 2022) was a British architectural historian. He was an authority on the country house, and Elizabethan and Victorian architecture.[1]

Mark Girouard

Born(1931-10-07)7 October 1931
Died16 August 2022(2022-08-16) (aged 90)
OccupationArchitectural historian
Notable work
  • Elizabethan Architecture
  • Life in the English Country House
  • The Victorian Country House
SpouseDorothy Girouard
Parents
Hardwick Hall in Derbyshire —Girouard's pioneering study of Robert Smythson, later revised and reissued as Elizabethan Architecture, established his reputation

Life and careerEdit

Girouard was born on 7 October 1931.[2] He was educated at Ampleforth College, read Classics at Christ Church, Oxford,[3] and then worked for the magazine Country Life[1] from about 1958 until 1967, firstly as a writer on architecture and then, from 1964, as its architectural editor.[citation needed] He was Slade Professor of Fine Art from 1975 to 1976 and elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London in 1987.[4] Girouard was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature in 2011.[5] He was on the board of trustees of The Architecture Foundation from 1992 to 1999[2] and a founder, and the first chairman, of the Spitalfields Historic Buildings Trust.[6][1] He was the grandson of Henry Beresford, 6th Marquess of Waterford through his mother, Lady Blanche Girouard.[7][1]

His Life in the English Country House won the Duff Cooper Memorial Prize for 1978,[8] and the WH Smith Literary Award in 1979.[citation needed]

National Life Stories conducted an oral history interview (C467/92) with Girouard in 2009 for its Architects Lives' collection held by the British Library.[9]

Photographs by Girouard are held in the Conway Library of Art and Architecture at the Courtauld Institute of Art, and are currently being digitised.[10]

Personal lifeEdit

Girouard was married to the artist Dorothy Girouard and they lived in Notting Hill Gate, London. Their daughter is the writer Blanche Girouard.[1][11] Girouard died on 16 August 2022, at the age of 90.[12]

Girouard wrote of his ancestral connection to Saul Solomon, a pioneer liberal politician and businessman in Cape Colony, and his wife Georgiana Solomon, a social activist and suffragette. Girouard was descended from Saul's brother Edward, born in 1820 in Saint Helena, who spent 18 years working with the Griquas and Basutos for the London Missionary Society.[13]

BibliographyEdit

  • Montacute House, Somerset (1964)[14]
  • Robert Smythson and the Architecture of the Elizabethan Era (1966)[15]
  • The Victorian Country House (1971)[16]
  • Victorian Pubs (1975)[17]
  • Hardwick Hall (1976)
  • Sweetness and Light: The "Queen Anne" Movement, 1860–1900 (1977)[18]
  • Life in the English Country House: A Social and Architectural History (1978)[19]
  • Historic Houses of Britain (1979)[20]
  • Alfred Waterhouse and the Natural History Museum (1981), ISBN 978-0-565-00831-4[21]
  • The Return to Camelot: Chivalry and the English Gentleman (1981)[22][23][24]
  • Robert Smythson and the Elizabethan Country House (1983)[25]
  • Cities and People: A Social and Architectural History (1985)[26][27]
  • A Country House Companion (1987) editor[28]
  • The English Town: A History of Urban Life (1990)[29]
  • Town and Country (1992)[30]
  • Windsor: The Most Romantic Castle (1993)[31]
  • Big Jim: The Life and Work of James Stirling (1998) Chatto & Windus, ISBN 978-0-7011-6247-4.
  • A Hundred Years at Waddesdon (1998), ISBN 978-0-9527809-2-2.
  • Life in the French Country House (2000)[32]
  • Rushton Triangular Lodge (2004)
  • Elizabethan Architecture: Its Rise and Fall, 1540–1640 (2009), ISBN 978-0-300-09386-5.
  • Enthusiasms (2011) Frances Lincoln, ISBN 978-071123329-4
  • Friendships (2017)[33]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Smith, Otto Saumarez (26 August 2022). "Mark Girouard obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 August 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Mark GIROUARD – Personal Appointments (free information from Companies House)". Beta.companieshouse.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 7 January 2017. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  3. ^ "Mark Girouard (7 October 1931 – 16 August 2022)". Christ Church Connections. 25 August 2022. Retrieved 12 September 2022.
  4. ^ "List of Fellows". Society of Antiquaries. Archived from the original on 3 October 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  5. ^ "Royal Society of Literature » Mark Girouard". rsliterature.org. Archived from the original on 8 February 2019. Retrieved 18 August 2022.
  6. ^ "Mark Girouard, Architectural Historian – Spitalfields Life". spitalfieldslife.com. Archived from the original on 18 September 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2022.
  7. ^ "Person Page". www.thepeerage.com. Archived from the original on 17 November 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2022.
  8. ^ "Welcome | Yale University Press". Yalepress.yale.edu. 19 December 2016. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  9. ^ National Life Stories, 'Girouard, Mark (1 of 5) National Life Stories Collection: Architects' Lives', The British Library Board, 2009 Archived 21 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 10 April 2018
  10. ^ "Who made the Conway Library?". Digital Media. 30 June 2020. Archived from the original on 3 July 2020. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  11. ^ The Independent, 8 February 1993, Marina Cantacuzino Archived 11 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine "Does only have to mean lonely?: How does growing up without siblings affect a child? Marina Cantacuzino looks at the question from the point of view of offspring and parents"
  12. ^ "Mark Girouard, author of classic works on architecture and social history including Life in the English Country House – obituary". The Telegraph. 17 August 2022. Archived from the original on 18 August 2022. Retrieved 17 August 2022.
  13. ^ Girouard, Mark (2011). Enthusiasms.
  14. ^ Girouard, Mark (23 August 1966). "Montacute House: Somerset". National Trust – via National Library of Australia (new catalog).
  15. ^ Mercer, Eric (1 January 1966). "Robert Smythson and the Architecture of the Elizabethan Era. By Mark Girouard". Archaeological Journal. 123 (1): 238–239. doi:10.1080/00665983.1966.11077422 – via Taylor and Francis+NEJM.
  16. ^ Adams, Phoebe-Lou (1 November 1979). "The Victorian Country House". The Atlantic.
  17. ^ Giles, Geoffrey J. (1 September 1986). "Mark Girouard, Victorian Pubs". The Social History of Alcohol Review. 14: 37–39. doi:10.1086/SHAREVv14n1p37 – via journals.uchicago.edu (Atypon).
  18. ^ "Sweetness and Light: The "Queen Anne" Movement". www.proquest.com. Cambridge University Press. ProQuest 1304751925. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
  19. ^ Friedman, Alice T. (1 May 1979). "Review: Life in the English Country House: A Social and Architectural History by Mark Girouard; Seventeenth-Century Interior Decoration in England, France and Holland by Peter Thornton". Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians. 38 (2): 198–199. doi:10.2307/989443. JSTOR 989443 – via online.ucpress.edu.
  20. ^ "Mark Girouard - obituary". Daily Telegraph. 17 August 2022. Retrieved 21 August 2022 – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  21. ^ "Newsletter" (PDF). Society of Architectural Historians. August 1981. Retrieved 23 August 2022.
  22. ^ Gilley, Sheridan (1 January 1983). "The return to camelot chivalry and the english gentleman". History of European Ideas. 4 (4): 479–480. doi:10.1016/0191-6599(83)90086-4 – via Taylor and Francis+NEJM.
  23. ^ Kilroy, G. J. F. (1 April 1982). "The Return to Camelot - Review". Downside Review. doi:10.1177/001258068210033907. S2CID 164904815. Retrieved 18 August 2022. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  24. ^ Watson, Francis (18 September 1982). "The Return to Camelot. Chivalry and the English Gentleman. By Mark Girouard. 26·5 × 20 cm. Pp. 312 + 212 pls. (32 col.). New Haven, London: Yale University Press, 1981. £12·50". The Antiquaries Journal. 62 (2): 445–446. doi:10.1017/S0003581500066440. S2CID 162314014 – via Cambridge University Press.
  25. ^ Girouard, Mark. "Robert Smythson and the Elizabethan Country House". Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 21 August 2022.
  26. ^ Robbins, Deborah (1 October 1987). ">Cities and People, A Social and Architectural History". Journal of Architectural Education. 41 (1): 57–61. doi:10.1080/10464883.1987.10758467 – via Taylor and Francis+NEJM.
  27. ^ Miller, Naomi (1 April 1987). "Cities and People: A Social and Architectural History. Mark Girouard". Winterthur Portfolio. 22 (1): 87–89. doi:10.1086/496313 – via journals.uchicago.edu (Atypon).
  28. ^ "The country house and the English novel". the Guardian. 10 June 2011.
  29. ^ Statt, Daniel (Autumn 1992). "Review". Eighteenth Century Studies. JSTOR 2739249. Retrieved 23 August 2022.
  30. ^ Macaulay, James (23 November 1993). "Book Review: Town and Country: MARK GIROUARD, 1992 New Haven and London: Yale University Press 274 pp., £25 hardback ISBN 0 300 05185 9". Urban Studies. 30 (9): 1608–1609. doi:10.1080/00420989320081551. S2CID 157775002 – via DOI.org (Crossref).
  31. ^ "Full text of "The Times , 1993, UK, English"".
  32. ^ Flanagan, Margaret (15 November 2000). "Life in the French Country House". Booklist. 97 (6): 607 – via go.gale.com.
  33. ^ Obituaries, Telegraph (17 August 2022). "Mark Girouard, author of classic works on architecture and social history including Life in the English Country House – obituary" – via www.telegraph.co.uk.

External linksEdit