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The Mark 50 torpedo is a U.S. Navy advanced lightweight torpedo for use against fast, deep-diving submarines. The Mk 50 can be launched from all anti-submarine aircraft and from torpedo tubes aboard surface combatant ships. The Mk 50 was intended to replace the Mk 46 as the fleet's lightweight torpedo.[1] Instead the Mark 46 will be replaced with the Mark 54 LHT.

Mark 50 Advanced Lightweight Torpedo
US Navy 040626-N-5319A-006 An Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) MK-50 Torpedo is launched from guided missile destroyer USS Bulkeley (DDG 84).jpg
Mark 50 torpedo being fired
TypeTorpedo
Place of originUnited States
Service history
Used byUnited States Navy
Production history
DesignerHoneywell[1]
Designed1974
ManufacturerAlliant Techsystems
Produced1991-
No. built1000[2]
Specifications
Massapprox. 800 lb (360 kg)[3]
Length9.5 ft (2.9 m)[3]
Width12.75 in (0.324 m)[3]
WarheadHE shaped charge[1]
Warhead weight100 lb (45 kg)[1][3]

EngineStored chemical energy propulsion system pump-jet
Operational
range
15 km (9.3 mi) [4]
Maximum depth> 1,900 ft (580 m)
Speed> 40 kn (46 mph)[1][3]
Guidance
system
Active or passive/active Acoustic homing [3]
Launch
platform
Mark 32 surface vessel torpedo tubes, ASW aircraft (P-3 Orion), RUM-139 VL-ASROC

The torpedo's stored chemical energy propulsion system uses a small tank of sulfur hexafluoride gas, which is sprayed over a block of solid lithium, which generates enormous quantities of heat, which generates steam. The steam propels the torpedo in a closed Rankine cycle,[5] supplying power to a pump-jet. This propulsion system offers the very important deep-water performance advantage in that the combustion products—sulfur and lithium fluoride—occupy less volume than the reactants, so the torpedo does not have to force these out against increasing water pressure as it approaches a deep-diving submarine.

Contents

General characteristics, Mk 50Edit

 
Mark 50 propulsor.
  • Primary function: air and ship-launched lightweight torpedo[1][3]
  • Contractor: Alliant Techsystems, Westinghouse[3]
  • Length: 9.5 ft (2.9 m)[3]
  • Weight: approx. 800 lb (360 kg)[3]
  • Diameter: 12.75 in (0.324 m)[3]
  • Speed: > 40 kn (46 mph)[3]
  • Power Plant: Stored Chemical Energy Propulsion System[1]
  • Propulsion: Pump Jet
  • Guidance system: Active/passive acoustic homing[1][3]
  • Warhead: 100 lb (45 kg) high explosive [1][3]

Comparable weaponsEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Thomas, Vincent C. The Almanac of Seapower 1987. Navy League of the United States (1987). ISBN 0-9610724-8-2. p. 190.
  2. ^ "Mark 50". Deagel.com, 2012. Accessed 5 Dec 2012.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "U.S. Navy Fact File: Mk-50 Torpedo". The U.S. Navy—Fact File. Department of the Navy, 27 Nov 2012. Accessed 4 Dec 2012.
  4. ^ "Ticonderoga Class Aegis Guided Missile Cruisers, United States of America." Naval-technology.com. Net Resources International, 2012. Accessed 5 Dec 2012.
  5. ^ Hughes, T.G.; Smith, R.B. & Kiely, D.H. (1983). "Stored Chemical Energy Propulsion System for Underwater Applications". Journal of Energy. 7 (2): 128–133. doi:10.2514/3.62644.

ReferencesEdit