Marjorie Acker Phillips

Marjorie Acker Phillips (October 25, 1894 – June 19, 1985) was an American Impressionist painter and art collector. She co-founded the Phillips Collection with her husband, Duncan Phillips.[1]

Marjorie Acker Phillips
Marjorie Acker Phillips.jpg
Marjorie Acker Phillips, ca. 1920
Born
Marjorie Acker

(1895-10-25)October 25, 1895
DiedJune 19, 1985(1985-06-19) (aged 89)
NationalityAmerican
EducationArt Students League
Known forPainting
MovementImpressionism

Early life and educationEdit

She was born Marjorie Acker in Bourbon, Indiana.[1] She was the sister to six other siblings.[2] Her parents were Charles Ernest Acker and Alice Beal.[3] She was raised in Ossining, New York. Phillips started drawing as a child. Her uncles were Reynolds Beal and Gifford Beal. Both men noticed Phillips artistic ability and suggested she pursue art as a career path. She began attending the Art Students League in 1915 and graduated in 1918.[2] She studied under Boardman Robinson.[4]

Mid-life and careerEdit

Marjorie Phillips has the unmistakable style of the born painter. - Duncan Phillips[4]

Phillips is quoted as stating that she "didn't want to paint depressing pictures." She painted primarily landscapes and still life works.[1][4] Despite living a socialite lifestyle alongside her husband, Phillips made the effort to paint every morning in her Washington, D.C. studio.[1]

Fine art, family and the Phillips CollectionEdit

She attended an art exhibition for Duncan Phillips at the Century Association in January, 1921. She met Duncan, and the two married in October of that year.[1][2][4] Duncan was an art collector, and the couple expanded their collecting. Phillips moved to Washington, D.C. and into Duncan's Dupont Circle mansion.[1] Duncan's mother also lived at the mansion.[3] Phillips gave birth to her first child with Duncan, Mary Marjorie.[5]

While visiting France in 1923, Phillips became interested in Impressionism. She found inspiration in the work of Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Paul Cézanne. She didn't only find inspiration in their work, but the couple began collecting their work. During that 1923 trip, they purchased Renoir's Luncheon of the Boating Party for $125,000.[4] In 1924, their second and final child, Laughlin, is born.[5]

In 1930, the couple had collected so much artwork that they had to leave the mansion, with the art, and move into a nearby house in the Foxhall neighborhood.[1] The house was named "Dunmarlin".[3] The couple had a summer home in Ebensburg, Pennsylvania. It was called Ormsby Lodge and Carriage House.[3][6] Duncan died in 1966. In total, the couple had collected over 2,500 works of art, many which were on display at the museum. After his death, Phillips, who served as Associate Director of the Phillips Collection, became Director.[1] Her work was also part of the painting event in the art competition at the 1932 Summer Olympics.[7]

Later life and legacyEdit

In 1971 she curated a retrospective about Paul Cézanne and published the book, Duncan Phillips and His Collection.[8] Phillips retired in 1972. Her son, Laughlin Phillips, became Director of the Phillips Collection.[1]

Phillips donated a piece of property, in Martha's Vineyard, to the Sheriff's Meadow Foundation in 1980. The property, which today is a nature conservancy, was named Phillips Preserve.[9] She died in 1985 of pulmonary failure.[1]

The Phillips family papers are held in the collection of the Heinz History Center.[2] The Winterthur Museum, Garden and Library has a holding of archival materials of Phillips'.[3]

Major exhibitionsEdit

  • Solo show, 1925, Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C.[5]

Major collectionsEdit

Further readingEdit

Works by Marjorie Acker Phillips
  • Duncan Phillips and His Collection. New York: W W Norton & Co (1982). ISBN 0393016080
  • Marjorie Phillips and Her Paintings. Sylvia Partridge (1985). ISBN 0393022900

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Fowler, Glenn. "Marjorie Acker Phillips dies; co-founder of art collection". Arts. The New York Times. Retrieved 8 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b c d "Phillips Family Papers". Heinz History Center. Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania. Retrieved 8 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ a b c d e "Collection". The Joseph Downs Collection of Manuscripts and Printed Ephemera. The Winterthur Library. Retrieved 8 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ a b c d e "Marjorie Acker Phillips (1894-1985)". Biography. The Phillips Collection. Retrieved 8 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ a b c Eliza E. Rathbone (2002). Art Beyond Isms: Masterworks from El Greco to Picasso in the Phillips Collection. Third Millennium Information Ltd. pp. 140–145. ISBN 978-1-903942-08-6.
  6. ^ Miller, Eric. "The Country Home of Mega-Collector Duncan Phillips". Urban Antiques. Retrieved 8 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  7. ^ "Marjorie Phillips". Olympedia. Retrieved August 2, 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  8. ^ Edward T. James; Janet Wilson James; Paul S. Boyer (2004). Notable American Women: A Biographical Dictionary. Harvard University Press. p. 513. ISBN 978-0-674-01488-6.
  9. ^ "Phillips Preserve". Properties. Sheriff's Meadow Foundation. Retrieved 8 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  10. ^ "Marjorie Phillips". Artists. United States Department of State. Retrieved 8 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  11. ^ "Bohemian Glass Vase". Collections. Museum of Fine Arts Boston. Retrieved 8 December 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)