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Mario Beaulieu MP (French pronunciation: ​[maʁjo boljø]; born 1959) is a Québécois nationalist, who was the leader (2014–2015), interim leader (2018–2019) and president (2014–2018) of the Bloc Québécois. He was the president of the sovereigntist Société Saint-Jean-Baptiste of Montreal from 2009 to 2014, and has been the spokesman for the Mouvement Québec français, a coalition of organizations in favour of the preservation and defence of the French language in Quebec.[3][4]

Mario Beaulieu

MarioBeaulieuBCInterimLeader2018.jpg
Leader of the Bloc Québécois
In office
June 13, 2018 – January 17, 2019
Interim
Preceded byMartine Ouellet
Succeeded byYves-François Blanchet
In office
June 25, 2014 – June 10, 2015[1]
Preceded byDaniel Paillé
Succeeded byGilles Duceppe
President of the Bloc Québécois
In office
June 25, 2014 – August 22, 2018
Preceded byDaniel Paillé
Succeeded byYves Perron
80th President of the Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society of Montreal
In office
2009–2014
Preceded byJean Dorion
Succeeded byMaxime Laporte
Member of the Canadian Parliament
for La Pointe-de-l'Île
Assumed office
November 4, 2015
Preceded byÈve Péclet
Personal details
Born (1959-02-01) February 1, 1959 (age 60)
Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada[2]
Political partyBloc Québécois (federal),
Parti Québécois (provincial)

Life and careerEdit

Mario Beaulieu was born in 1959 in Sherbrooke; at age 4, his family moved to Sainte-Anne-de-Bellevue.

Bealieu was the president of the Parti Québécois's riding association in Montreal Centre from 1997 to 2002 and was an unsuccessful Bloc Québécois candidate in the 1997 federal election, losing to federal cabinet minister Pierre Pettigrew in Papineau—Saint-Denis. He has been a long-time advocate for strengthening measures requiring the predominance of the French language in Québec, as well as for Quebec independence.

Bloc Québécois leaderEdit

In April 2014, he declared his candidacy for the leadership of the Bloc Québécois and received the endorsement of the executive of the Bloc's youth wing,[5][6] former Parti Québécois legislative members Bernard Landry and Pierre Curzi, and the former president of the Mouvement Desjardins, Claude Béland.[7] Beaulieu, viewed as a "hardline" sovereigntist, promised to prioritize achieving Quebec independence above everything else.[8] On June 14, 2014, he defeated BQ Member of Parliament André Bellavance for the Bloc leadership with 53.5% of the vote.[9] Beaulieu took office as Bloc leader at the party's convention on June 25, 2014.

Shortly after his election, Beaulieu attracted controversy from within the party due to statements in his acceptance speech associated with the Front de libération du Québec and separate statements seemingly critical about the past leaders of the party, which drew criticism from former Bloc Québécois leader Gilles Duceppe and resulted in two party members announcing their intentions to leave the party.[10] In the weeks following his election, a number of riding executive members quit the party to protest Beaulieu's leadership and a number of individuals who had been considering running for the party in the next election removed themselves from consideration.[11] On August 12, 2014, the party's parliamentary caucus was reduced to 3 MPs after House Leader Jean-François Fortin quit the party to sit as an Independent MP. Fortin accused Beaulieu of "pushing a unidimensional, intransigent agenda that lacks rigour has put an end to the credibility established by (former leaders) Gilles Duceppe and followed up by Daniel Paillé, two leaders who merit great respect."[11] On August 25, 2014, André Bellavance, who had lost to Beaulieu in the leadership vote also resigned, reducing the Bloc to two MPs.[12] Bellavance told a press conference, in regards to Beaulieu: "His vision and orientation for the Bloc are diametrically opposed to mine. Mr. Beaulieu says he can unite the party; for me it’s not the case."[13]

Return of DuceppeEdit

With the party languishing as it was about to enter the 2015 federal election, Beaulieu entered into discussions with former party leader Gilles Duceppe in hopes of saving the Bloc from extinction. On June 10, 2015, Beaulieu and Duceppe jointly announced that Gilles Duceppe would be returning to lead the party into the election campaign while Beaulieu would relinquish the leadership but remain party president.[14] The party executive agreed on June 9, 2015, to split the positions of president and party leader in order to facilitate Duceppe's return. The changes were ratified by the party's general council on July 1.[15][16]

2015 electionEdit

In the 2015 election, Beaulieu was elected in the riding of La Pointe-de-l'Île, the only Bloc MP elected on the island of Montreal. The party returned 10 MPs, but fell short of official party status.

Return to Bloc Québécois leadershipEdit

Beaulieu was one of three Bloc MPs who initially supported Martine Ouellet's leadership during a caucus revolt and remained with the Bloc caucus when seven MPs resigned on February 28, 2018 to sit as Independents.[17] He later became critical of her leadership and campaigned for her removal for an upcoming leadership review, whilst staying in caucus. Beaulieu was named interim leader after Ouellet resigned over losing a party referendum on her leadership.

On August 22, 2018, he ceded the party presidency to Yves Perron as part of an agreement to reunite the party following the conflict over Martine Oulette's leadership. Beaulieu is to continue as interim leader, however, until a leadership election is held in 2019.[18][19] On January 17, 2019, he was succeeded as party leader by Yves-François Blanchet.[20]

Electoral recordEdit

2015 Canadian federal election: La Pointe-de-l'Île
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Bloc Québécois Mario Beaulieu 18,545 33.58 +1.21
Liberal Marie-Chantale Simard 15,777 28.57 +18.47
New Democratic Ève Péclet 14,777 26.76 -20.77
Conservative Guy Morissette 4,408 7.98 +0.33
Green David J. Cox 1,130 2.05 +0.16
Rhinoceros Ben 97 Benoit 358 0.65
Strength in Democracy Jean-François Larose 135 0.24
Marxist–Leninist Geneviève Royer 96 0.17
Total valid votes/Expense limit 55,226 100.00   $222,398.73
Total rejected ballots 912 1.62
Turnout 56,138 65.43[21]
Eligible voters 84,507
Bloc Québécois gain from New Democratic Swing +10.99
Source: Elections Canada[22][23]
1997 Canadian federal election: Papineau—Saint-Denis
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal Pierre Pettigrew 26,260 53.90 $53,271
Bloc Québécois Mario Beaulieu 14,083 28.91 $25,032
     Progressive Conservative Yannis Felemegos 6,227 12.78 $19,274
New Democratic Gaby Kombé 1,196 2.45 $3,030
Marxist–Leninist Peter Macrisopoulos 481 0.99 $0
     N/A (Communist League) Michel Dugré 471 0.97 $270
Total valid votes 48,718 100.00
Total rejected ballots 1,676
Turnout 50,394 75.55
Electors on the lists 66,706
Sources: Official Results, Elections Canada and official contributions and expenses submitted by the candidates, provided by Elections Canada.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ name="DuceppeReturns">"DUCEPPE, Gilles". House of Commons of Canada. Archived from the original on August 10, 2015. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
  2. ^ "Mario Beaulieu élu chef du Bloc québécois". La Presse. June 14, 2014. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  3. ^ http://www.cjad.com/cjad-news/2014/04/29/mario-beaulieu-to-join-leadership-race-of-bloc-qubecois
  4. ^ http://translate.google.ca/translate?hl=en&sl=fr&u=http://etats-generaux-quebec.org/le-conseil-dadministration/&prev=/search%3Fq%3DMario%2BBeaulieu%2Bbiographie%26safe%3Doff%26biw%3D1093%26bih%3D480
  5. ^ Pilon-Larose, Hugo. "Mario Beaulieu se présente à la direction du Bloc québécois". La Presse. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
  6. ^ "Plusieurs jeunes bloquistes signent une lettre d'appui à André Bellavance". La Nouvelle Union. May 1, 2014. Retrieved June 4, 2018.
  7. ^ http://journalmetro.com/actualites/national/508144/chefferie-du-bloc-les-candidats-devoilent-leurs-appuis/
  8. ^ "Mario Beaulieu named new Bloc Québécois leader". June 14, 2014. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  9. ^ "Bloc Quebecois chooses Mario Beaulieu as new leader as federal party rebuilds". Vancouver Sun. June 14, 2014. Archived from the original on June 15, 2014. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  10. ^ "Bloc Québécois members quit over new leader Mario Beaulieu". CBC News. June 15, 2014. Retrieved June 15, 2014.
  11. ^ a b "Bloc Quebecois MP quits to sit as independent, says new leader is trying to radicalize the party". National Post. August 12, 2014.
  12. ^ "Another Bloc MP quits party, leaving only two in Parliament". Globe and Mail. August 25, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  13. ^ "MP André Bellavance leaves Bloc Québécois Will spend the rest of his term as an independent". Montreal Gazette. August 25, 2014. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  14. ^ "illes Duceppe returns to lead Bloc Quebecois". CTV News. June 10, 2015. Retrieved June 10, 2015.
  15. ^ "Gilles Duceppe announces return to Bloc Québécois leadership". CBC News. June 10, 2015.
  16. ^ http://www.cbc.ca/m/news/canada/montreal/gilles-duceppe-officially-named-leader-of-bloc-qu%C3%A9b%C3%A9cois-1.3135046
  17. ^ Allard, Clement (February 28, 2018). "Seven of 10 Bloc Quebecois MPs quit over Martine Ouellet's leadership". The Globe and Mail. The Canadian Press. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
  18. ^ https://www.lechodemaskinonge.com/yves-perron-a-la-presidence-du-bloc-quebecois/
  19. ^ https://www.lenouvelliste.ca/actualites/yves-perron-elu-president-du-bloc-1abc4c462b941b71a476f320c37dee02
  20. ^ "Yves-François Blanchet becomes Bloc Québécois leader". CBC News. January 17, 2019. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
  21. ^ http://enr.elections.ca/ElectoralDistricts.aspx?ed=2102
  22. ^ Elections Canada – Confirmed candidates for La Pointe-de-l'Île, 30 September 2015
  23. ^ Elections Canada – Preliminary Election Expenses Limits for Candidates Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine