Mario Beaulieu MP (French pronunciation: [maʁjo boljø]; born 1959) is a Québécois nationalist, who was the leader (2014–2015), interim leader (2018–2019) and president (2014–2018) of the Bloc Québécois. He was the president of the sovereigntist Société Saint-Jean-Baptiste of Montreal from 2009 to 2014, and has been the spokesman for the Mouvement Québec français, a coalition of organizations in favour of the preservation and defence of the French language in Quebec.
|Leader of the Bloc Québécois|
June 13, 2018 – January 17, 2019
|Preceded by||Martine Ouellet|
|Succeeded by||Yves-François Blanchet|
June 25, 2014 – June 10, 2015
|Preceded by||Daniel Paillé|
|Succeeded by||Gilles Duceppe|
|President of the Bloc Québécois|
June 25, 2014 – August 22, 2018
|Preceded by||Daniel Paillé|
|Succeeded by||Yves Perron|
|80th President of the Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society of Montreal|
|Preceded by||Jean Dorion|
|Succeeded by||Maxime Laporte|
|Member of the Canadian Parliament|
for La Pointe-de-l'Île
|Assumed office |
November 4, 2015
|Preceded by||Ève Péclet|
|Born||February 1, 1959|
Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada
|Political party||Bloc Québécois (federal),|
Parti Québécois (provincial)
Life and careerEdit
Bealieu was the president of the Parti Québécois's riding association in Montreal Centre from 1997 to 2002 and was an unsuccessful Bloc Québécois candidate in the 1997 federal election, losing to federal cabinet minister Pierre Pettigrew in Papineau—Saint-Denis. He has been a long-time advocate for strengthening measures requiring the predominance of the French language in Québec, as well as for Quebec independence.
Bloc Québécois leaderEdit
In April 2014, he declared his candidacy for the leadership of the Bloc Québécois and received the endorsement of the executive of the Bloc's youth wing, former Parti Québécois legislative members Bernard Landry and Pierre Curzi, and the former president of the Mouvement Desjardins, Claude Béland. Beaulieu, viewed as a "hardline" sovereigntist, promised to prioritize achieving Quebec independence above everything else. On June 14, 2014, he defeated BQ Member of Parliament André Bellavance for the Bloc leadership with 53.5% of the vote. Beaulieu took office as Bloc leader at the party's convention on June 25, 2014.
Shortly after his election, Beaulieu attracted controversy from within the party due to statements in his acceptance speech associated with the Front de libération du Québec and separate statements seemingly critical about the past leaders of the party, which drew criticism from former Bloc Québécois leader Gilles Duceppe and resulted in two party members announcing their intentions to leave the party. In the weeks following his election, a number of riding executive members quit the party to protest Beaulieu's leadership and a number of individuals who had been considering running for the party in the next election removed themselves from consideration. On August 12, 2014, the party's parliamentary caucus was reduced to 3 MPs after House Leader Jean-François Fortin quit the party to sit as an Independent MP. Fortin accused Beaulieu of "pushing a unidimensional, intransigent agenda that lacks rigour has put an end to the credibility established by (former leaders) Gilles Duceppe and followed up by Daniel Paillé, two leaders who merit great respect." On August 25, 2014, André Bellavance, who had lost to Beaulieu in the leadership vote also resigned, reducing the Bloc to two MPs. Bellavance told a press conference, in regards to Beaulieu: "His vision and orientation for the Bloc are diametrically opposed to mine. Mr. Beaulieu says he can unite the party; for me it’s not the case."
Return of DuceppeEdit
With the party languishing as it was about to enter the 2015 federal election, Beaulieu entered into discussions with former party leader Gilles Duceppe in hopes of saving the Bloc from extinction. On June 10, 2015, Beaulieu and Duceppe jointly announced that Gilles Duceppe would be returning to lead the party into the election campaign while Beaulieu would relinquish the leadership but remain party president. The party executive agreed on June 9, 2015, to split the positions of president and party leader in order to facilitate Duceppe's return. The changes were ratified by the party's general council on July 1.
Return to Bloc Québécois leadershipEdit
Beaulieu was one of three Bloc MPs who initially supported Martine Ouellet's leadership during a caucus revolt and remained with the Bloc caucus when seven MPs resigned on February 28, 2018 to sit as Independents. He later became critical of her leadership and campaigned for her removal for an upcoming leadership review, whilst staying in caucus. Beaulieu was named interim leader after Ouellet resigned over losing a party referendum on her leadership.
On August 22, 2018, he ceded the party presidency to Yves Perron as part of an agreement to reunite the party following the conflict over Martine Oulette's leadership. Beaulieu is to continue as interim leader, however, until a leadership election is held in 2019. On January 17, 2019, he was succeeded as party leader by Yves-François Blanchet.
|2015 Canadian federal election: La Pointe-de-l'Île|
|Bloc Québécois||Mario Beaulieu||18,545||33.58||+1.21||–|
|New Democratic||Ève Péclet||14,777||26.76||-20.77||–|
|Green||David J. Cox||1,130||2.05||+0.16||–|
|Rhinoceros||Ben 97 Benoit||358||0.65||–||–|
|Strength in Democracy||Jean-François Larose||135||0.24||–||–|
|Total valid votes/Expense limit||55,226||100.00||$222,398.73|
|Total rejected ballots||912||1.62||–|
|Bloc Québécois gain from New Democratic||Swing||+10.99|
|Source: Elections Canada|
|1997 Canadian federal election: Papineau—Saint-Denis|
|Bloc Québécois||Mario Beaulieu||14,083||28.91||$25,032|
|Progressive Conservative||Yannis Felemegos||6,227||12.78||$19,274|
|New Democratic||Gaby Kombé||1,196||2.45||$3,030|
|N/A (Communist League)||Michel Dugré||471||0.97||$270|
|Total valid votes||48,718||100.00|
|Total rejected ballots||1,676|
|Electors on the lists||66,706|
|Sources: Official Results, Elections Canada and official contributions and expenses submitted by the candidates, provided by Elections Canada.|
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- Allard, Clement (February 28, 2018). "Seven of 10 Bloc Quebecois MPs quit over Martine Ouellet's leadership". The Globe and Mail. The Canadian Press. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
- "Yves-François Blanchet becomes Bloc Québécois leader". CBC News. January 17, 2019. Retrieved January 17, 2019.
- Elections Canada – Confirmed candidates for La Pointe-de-l'Île, 30 September 2015
- Elections Canada – Preliminary Election Expenses Limits for Candidates Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine