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Marignane is a commune in the Bouches-du-Rhône department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southern France.

Marignane
Chapel of Notre Dame de Pitié
Chapel of Notre Dame de Pitié
Coat of arms of Marignane
Coat of arms
Location of Marignane
Marignane is located in France
Marignane
Marignane
Marignane is located in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Marignane
Marignane
Coordinates: 43°24′58″N 5°12′52″E / 43.416043°N 5.214526°E / 43.416043; 5.214526Coordinates: 43°24′58″N 5°12′52″E / 43.416043°N 5.214526°E / 43.416043; 5.214526
CountryFrance
RegionProvence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
DepartmentBouches-du-Rhône
ArrondissementIstres
CantonMarignane
IntercommunalityAix-Marseille-Provence
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Eric Le Dissès
Area
1
23.16 km2 (8.94 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
33,949
 • Density1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
13054 /13700
Elevation0–100 m (0–328 ft)
(avg. 15 m or 49 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Contents

GeographyEdit

It is a component of the Aix-Marseille-Provence Metropolis, and the largest suburb of the city of Marseille. It is located 18.3 km (11.4 mi) to the northwest of Marseille.

ClimateEdit

The climate is hot-summer mediterranean (Köppen: Csa). The city serves as the basis for data from Marseille through the weather station at the airport which is in the city.[2]

Climate data for Marseille-Marignane (Marseille Provence Airport), elevation: 36 m, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1921–present[a]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 19.9
(67.8)
22.1
(71.8)
25.4
(77.7)
29.6
(85.3)
34.9
(94.8)
39.6
(103.3)
39.7
(103.5)
39.2
(102.6)
34.3
(93.7)
30.4
(86.7)
25.2
(77.4)
20.3
(68.5)
39.7
(103.5)
Average high °C (°F) 11.4
(52.5)
12.5
(54.5)
15.8
(60.4)
18.6
(65.5)
22.9
(73.2)
27.1
(80.8)
30.2
(86.4)
29.7
(85.5)
25.5
(77.9)
20.9
(69.6)
15.1
(59.2)
11.9
(53.4)
20.2
(68.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.1
(44.8)
8.1
(46.6)
11.0
(51.8)
13.8
(56.8)
18.0
(64.4)
21.8
(71.2)
24.8
(76.6)
24.4
(75.9)
20.6
(69.1)
16.6
(61.9)
11.1
(52.0)
7.9
(46.2)
15.5
(59.9)
Average low °C (°F) 2.9
(37.2)
3.6
(38.5)
6.2
(43.2)
9.1
(48.4)
13.1
(55.6)
16.6
(61.9)
19.4
(66.9)
19.0
(66.2)
15.7
(60.3)
12.4
(54.3)
7.2
(45.0)
4.0
(39.2)
10.8
(51.4)
Record low °C (°F) −12.4
(9.7)
−16.8
(1.8)
−10.0
(14.0)
−2.4
(27.7)
0.0
(32.0)
5.4
(41.7)
7.8
(46.0)
8.1
(46.6)
1.0
(33.8)
−2.2
(28.0)
−5.8
(21.6)
−12.8
(9.0)
−16.8
(1.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 48.0
(1.89)
31.4
(1.24)
30.4
(1.20)
54.0
(2.13)
41.1
(1.62)
24.5
(0.96)
9.2
(0.36)
31.0
(1.22)
77.1
(3.04)
67.2
(2.65)
55.7
(2.19)
45.8
(1.80)
515.4
(20.29)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.3 4.5 3.9 6.1 4.5 3.0 1.3 2.7 4.5 6.1 5.9 5.5 53.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 145.1 173.7 238.7 244.5 292.9 333.4 369.1 327.4 258.6 187.1 152.5 134.9 2,857.8
Source: Météo France[5]

HistoryEdit

In the 15th century the Count of Provence owned the land,[6] and from 1603 to the French Revolution it belonged to the Covets.[6] In the 17th century the Covets refurbished the castle.[6]

Three chapels and one convent were built in the 17th and 18th century: Notre-Dame de Pitié (1635), Saint-Nicolas (1695), Sainte-Anne (1710, now demolished), and Couvent des Minimes (1695).[6]

PopulationEdit

YearPop.±%
17931,532—    
18001,575+2.8%
18061,601+1.7%
18211,598−0.2%
18311,633+2.2%
18361,857+13.7%
18411,998+7.6%
18462,189+9.6%
18512,183−0.3%
18562,197+0.6%
18612,233+1.6%
18662,207−1.2%
18722,209+0.1%
18762,048−7.3%
18811,853−9.5%
18861,782−3.8%
18911,761−1.2%
18961,917+8.9%
19011,898−1.0%
19061,956+3.1%
19111,993+1.9%
19212,517+26.3%
19262,501−0.6%
19313,184+27.3%
19363,545+11.3%
19464,344+22.5%
19545,316+22.4%
196210,664+100.6%
196820,044+88.0%
197526,477+32.1%
198231,109+17.5%
199032,325+3.9%
199934,006+5.2%
200833,909−0.3%

PoliticsEdit

From 1995 to 2008, the mayor has been Daniel Simonpieri, former member of the Front National and of the MNR. Since 2008, the mayor is Eric Le Dissés.

EducationEdit

Public secondary schools:

Private schools:

PersonalitiesEdit

TransportEdit

The Marseille Provence Airport is located in Marignane.

EconomyEdit

Airbus Helicopters, the manufacturer of the Franco-German NHI NH90 and Tiger military helicopters, has its head office on the grounds of Marseille Provence Airport in Marignane.[10]

Twin citiesEdit

Marignane is twinned with:

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The altitude provided from the site varies about 31 m, a much larger value than the margin of error, which may mean that the station was relocated ms in one of the data had maintained the elevation from when measured, which should be used.[3][4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ "Marseille/Provence - SKYbrary Aviation Safety". www.skybrary.aero. Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  3. ^ a b "Normales et records pour la période 1981-2010 à Marseille Observatoire Longchamp" (in French). Infoclimat. Archived from the original on 10 March 2018. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Marseille-Marignane (07650) - WMO Weather Station". NOAA. Retrieved February 4, 2019. Archived February 8, 2019, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Marignane (13)" (PDF). Fiche Climatologique: Statistiques 1981–2010 et records (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 March 2018. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d Ville de Marignane
  7. ^ Home. Collège Georges Brassens. Retrieved on September 5, 2016.
  8. ^ Home. Lycée Maurice Genevoix. Retrieved on September 5, 2016.
  9. ^ Home. Institution Saint Louis Sainte Marie. Retrieved on September 5, 2016.
  10. ^ "Legal Notice and Disclaimer Archived 2011-06-29 at the Wayback Machine." Eurocopter. Retrieved on 8 December 2010. "[...]whose registered Office is located Aéroport International Marseille-Provence – 13725 Marignane Cedex - France"

External linksEdit