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Marie of Prussia, Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth

Marie of Prussia (23 January 1579 – 21 February 1649) was a Prussian duchess by birth and Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth by marriage.

Marie of Prussia
Mary of Prussia, Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, painting by Heinrich Bollandt
Died11 February 1649 (aged 69–70)
SpouseChristian, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
FatherAlbert Frederick, Duke of Prussia
MotherMarie Eleonore of Cleves


Born in Königsberg, Marie was the second daughter of Duke Albert Frederick of Prussia (1553–1618) from his marriage to Marie Eleonore of Cleves (1550–1608), daughter of Duke William the Rich of Jülich-Cleves-Berg. The princess grew up with her sisters in Königsberg Castle.

On 29 April 1604 she married Margrave Christian of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (1581–1655) in Plassenburg Castle. Since her father left no male heirs, a dispute arose between Prussia and Jülich-Cleves-Berg about Mary's compensation.[1] In 1613, Marie acquired the manors of Schreez and Culmbach in Haag (Oberfranken). She used the income from these manors to expand Unternschreez Castle, her Wittum.[2] Mary and her family in Franconia had to flee their homes during the Thirty Years' War, and the manors were lost.

Marie died in 1649 and was buried in the City Church in Bayreuth; she had donated the high altar in this church.


From her marriage, Marie had the following children:

  • Margravine Elisabeth Eleonore of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (born and died 1606)
  • Margrave George Frederick of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (born and died 1608)
  • Margravine Anna Maria of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (1609–1680); married in 1639 Prince Johann Anton I von Eggenberg (1610-1649)
  • Margravine Magdalene Sibylle of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (1612–1687); married in 1638 John George II of Saxony (1613-1680)
  • Margravine Agnes Sophie of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (born and died 1611)
  • Margrave Christian Ernest of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (1613–1614)
  • Erdmann August (1615–1651), Hereditary Prince of Brandenburg-Bayreuth; married in 1641 princess Sophie of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1614-1646)
  • Georg Albrecht (1619–1666), (not ruling) Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (junior line); married firstly in 1651 Princess Marie Elisabeth of Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (1628-1664). Married secondly in 1665 Countess Marie Sophie of Solms-Baruth (1626-1688)
  • Margrave Frederick William of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (born and died 1620)
Marie of Prussia, Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
Born: 23 January 1579 Died: 21 February 1649
German nobility
New title Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth
1604 – 21 February 1649
Title next held by
Erdmuthe Sophie of Saxony


  • Julius Mebes: Contributions to the history of Brandenburg-Prussian state and army, Lüderitz, 1861, p. 863

External linksEdit


  1. ^ Ute Essegern: Princesses at the Saxon court, Leipzig University Press, 2007, p. 266
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-04-29. Retrieved 2011-05-07. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)