Marie de Coucy
Marie de Coucy (c. 1218 – 1285) was a Queen consort of the Kingdom of Scotland by marriage to Alexander II of Scotland, King of Scots. She was a member of the royal council during the two last years of the minority of her son, Alexander III, in 1260-1262.
|Marie de Coucy|
Possibly Marie de Coucy behind her son at his coronation.
|Queen Consort of Scotland|
Alexander II of Scotland
(m. 1239; died 1249)
Jean de Brienne, Grand Butler of France
(m. c. 1257)
|Issue||Alexander III of Scotland|
|Father||Enguerrand III, Lord of Coucy|
|Mother||Marie de Montmirail|
Marie was the daughter of Enguerrand III, Lord of Coucy and his third spouse Marie de Montmirel (fr) (1192 – 1267) and a great-great granddaughter of Louis VI of France. According to the chronicler Matthew Paris, she was beautiful and very wealthy. In 1238, Alexander II, King of Scots needed to have an heir after the death of his first childless spouse, Joan of England. King Henry III of England claimed sovereignty over Scotland, which was opposed by Alexander, who wished to make an alliance with France against England. Enguerrand III was a powerful French vassal and a known enemy of England, and the marriage between Marie and Alexander II was regarded as a French-Scottish alliance against England.
On 15 May 1239 Marie married Alexander II of Scotland in Roxburgh. The marriage brought an alliance between the Scots and the Coucy lordship, and for the rest of the 13th century they exchanged soldiers and money. She brought a large train of French followers to Scotland. In her retinue was her chancellor Richard Vairement and her nephew Enguerrand de Guines, who came to have some influence in Scottish affairs. Her nephew married Christiane de Bailleul, a cousin of King John Balliol, and thus became a Scottish magnate. Two years after her marriage, she gave birth to the future King, Alexander III of Scotland.
Alexander II died on 8 July 1249 during an expedition against the Lord of Argyll on the island of Kerrera. Immediately after the news reached her, Marie made sure her 8-year-old son was crowned as soon as possible at Scone. Although her son was a minor and was placed under regency, Marie did not become regent. On 9 June 1250 Marie and her son Alexander III were present in Dunfermline for the observance of the canonisation of Saint Margaret of Scotland and the transference of her remains to the new shrine.
In autumn 1250 Marie returned to Picardy and, for the rest of her life, she divided her time between France and Scotland. In 1252 she attended the wedding in York of her son Alexander III and Margaret of England with a great entourage of French and Scottish nobles.
In 1256 or 1257 she married Jean de Brienne (1227–1296), Grand Butler of France and King of Acre, in his second marriage. De Brienne was the son of John of Brienne, King of Jerusalem (1210–1225) and Emperor of Constantinople (1229–1237), and Berenguela of Leon. They had no children together.
In 1260 the rivalries between the Scottish factions for influence during the minority of her son made the situation in Scotland critical, and Marie and her spouse were therefore named members of the royal council during the remaining years of the king's minority, until Alexander III was declared of legal majority in 1262.
In 1268 Marie separated from her spouse and returned to Scotland. When her daughter-in-law Margaret of England died in February 1275, Marie arranged the new marriage between her son and Yolande, the stepdaughter of her spouse. In 1275–76, she made a pilgrimage to the shrine of St. Thomas Becket in Canterbury.
Marie de Coucy died in the summer of 1285 and was buried in a tomb she had constructed in Newbattle Abbey.
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|Ancestors of Marie de Coucy|
- Carrick, J.C.The abbey of S. Mary, Newbottle : a memorial of the royal visit1908. pp47-48.
- Marshall, Rosalind K. (2003). Scottish Queens, 1034-1714. Tuckwell Press. p. 20.
- Marshall, Rosalind K. (2003). Scottish Queens, 1034-1714. Tuckwell Press. p. 21.
- Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700, by Frederick Lewis Weis, Line 120-30
- Joseph Bain (ed) Calendar of documents relating to Scotland, volume 2.
- Brown, Michael, The Wars of Scotland, 1214-1371, (Edinburgh, 2004)
- Marshall, Rosalind, Scottish Queens, 1034-1714
- Richard Oram: "The Kings and Queens of Scotland"
- Timothy Venning: "The Kings and Queens of Scotland"
- Mike Ashley: "British Kings and Queens"
- Elizabeth Ewan, Sue Innes and Sian Reynolds: "The Biographical Dictionary of Scottish Women"
Joan of England
| Queen consort of Scotland
Margaret of England