Marie Thérèse de Choiseul

Marie Thérèse Françoise de Choiseul (8 December 1766 – 27 July 1794) was a French noblewoman and a Monegasque princess, married to Prince Joseph of Monaco in 1782.[2]

Marie Thérèse Françoise[1] de Choiseul
Princess Joseph of Monaco
Marie Thérèse de Choiseul-Stainville.jpg
Born(1766-12-08)8 December 1766
Paris, France
Died27 July 1794(1794-07-27) (aged 27)
Paris, France
Spouse
(m. 1782)
Issue
  • Marie Camille, Marquise de La Tour-du-Pin
  • Athénais, Marquise de Louvois
  • Princess Delphine
HouseChoiseul
FatherJacques Philippe de Choiseul, Duke of Stainville
MotherThérèse de Clermont
Arms of Princess Marie Thérèse of Monaco.

LifeEdit

She was the daughter of Jacques Philippe de Choiseul, Duke of Stainville, and Thérèse de Clermont, and the niece of Étienne François, duc de Choiseul, the chief minister of Louis XV. On 6 April 1782, she married Prince Joseph of Monaco. The marriage was described as a happy one.

In March 1793, Monaco was annexed to Revolutionary France, and the members of the former ruling dynasty became French citizens. In parallel, her spouse spent most of his time abroad to negotiate foreign loans, which made him a suspect of counter-revolutionary activities and thus made whole family suspected of being traitors.[3] He became, in fact, involved in the royalist uprising in Vendée. Marie Thérèse de Choiseul was arrested in the absence of her spouse, as was his father, his brother and his sister-in-law. Arrested in Paris on charges of conspiracy, Marie Thérèse was imprisoned with her family in the Sainte-Pélagie Prison. Her small daughters were left in the care of their governess.

She was condemned to death. To delay the execution, she pretended to be pregnant, but was discovered not to be with child.[4] She admitted having lied about her pregnancy, but explained that she had done so to delay the execution only for a day, so that she may have time to cut off her own hair and give it to her daughters as a memory, rather than have it cut by the executioner.[5] She applied for a meeting with Antoine Quentin Fouquier-Tinville, and spent her last day in his waiting room, but was forced to leave without having had time to meet him.[6]

Her execution on July 27th would be one of the last during the Reign of Terror; the following day, the Thermidorian Reaction saw the violent fall of the Jacobin government, which saw the executions of Maximilien Robespierre as well as René-François Dumas, the prosecutor in the princess's trial.[7]

IssueEdit

  • Princess Marie Camille Grimaldi of Monaco (22 Apr 1784 – 8 May 1879); married René, Marquis of La Tour-du-Pin, and had issue.
  • Princess Athénais Grimaldi of Monaco (2 June 1786 – 11 September 1860); married Auguste Le Tellier, Marquis of Louvois, and had no issue.
  • Princess Delphine Grimaldi of Monaco (born 22 July 1788); died young.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ de Colleville, Ludovic (1908). Albert of Monaco intime. Paris: Librairie Félix Juven. Retrieved 4 July 2019.
  2. ^ Société d'archéologie et d'histoire de la Manche (1904). Notices, mémoires et documents publiés par la Société d'agriculture, d'archéologie et d'histoire naturelle du département de la Manche. Imprimerie d'Elie fils (Saint-Lô). Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  3. ^ Anne Edwards, The Grimaldis of Monaco, 1992
  4. ^ The public prosecutor of the terror, Antoine Quentin Fouquier-Tinville, p. 101
  5. ^ Anne Edwards, The Grimaldis of Monaco, 1992
  6. ^ Anne Edwards, The Grimaldis of Monaco, 1992
  7. ^ Kalmar, Pierre (2017). Une comtesse des ténèbres - Les tiroirs de la comtesse Caroline de Choiseul ... ISBN 9782919341511. Retrieved 20 February 2019.