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Marie Kraja or Marie Paluca (24 September 1911 – 21 November 1999) was an Albanian opera singer, who is particularly known for her delivery of Albanian folk songs.

Marie Kraja
Marie-kraja.jpg
Born24 September 1911
Died21 November 1999(1999-11-21) (aged 88)
Tirana, Albania
NationalityAlbanian
Other names
  • Marije Kraja
  • Marie Paluca
EducationGraz music conservatory
OccupationSinger
Known forPerformances of traditional Albanian songs

LifeEdit

 
Kraja on a 2004 stamp of Albania

Kraja was born in 1911 in Zadar, Kingdom of Dalmatia, then part of Austria-Hungary, in a Roman Catholic family. She was a relative of Mother Teresa, and she would later organize the funeral services for her mother and sister.[1][2] When she was six, her family moved to Shkodra. Although she was an immigrant, her family were Albanian and she had lived in a small Albanian community in Zadar. In Albania she learnt local wedding and love songs.[3] In 1930 she started her singing studies at the Singschule (now University of Music and Performing Arts) in Graz, Austria, which she completed in 1934. After graduation she started to teach at a secondary school in Shkodra, then at the Queen Mother Women's Institute in Tirana. She started making appearances in Tirana with Tonin Guraziu as accompanying pianist. Kraje represented Albania at an "Evening of Nations" hosted in Vienna.

Kraja's singing was peculiar, because she had a German way of phrasing her words, which gave a precision to the phrasing of the lyrics she sang. She started to sing traditional urban songs (Albanian Urban Lyric Songs), and she was able to show how a professionally trained singer could present them. She worked with Lola Gjoka, who was the arranger of the harmonies and also the pianist, and together they recorded over 300 songs. By today's standards the recordings were not perfect, but they still survive today.[3]

In 1937 she gave a recital in Bari, Italy, and the following year she gave concerts in Munich, Germany.[4] That same year she was included in a concert in June with Tefta Tashko-Koço and Lola Gjoka, to raise funds for the baritone Kristo Koco (Tefta Tashko-Koco's husband). He needed the money in order complete his singing lessons he was taking in Milan.[3] In 1939 she gave a recital in Florence before returning home.[4]

After the Second World War Kraja taught at the Jordan Misja Academy. She combined this with continuing to sing in the Opera, and in 1959 she appeared in the first Albanian opera. The opera was called Mrika, with Prenkë Jakova as composer, and Llazar Siliqi as librettist.[4]

Kraja died in Tirana in 1999. She had been awarded the highest recognition for artists, the People's Artist of Albania title.[5]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ FBIS Daily Report: East Europe. Foreign Broadcast Information Service. 1989. p. 1. OCLC 16394067. This morning, she paid a visit at the home of Artiste of the People Marije Kraja, a relative, as well as to the house where her mother and sister had lived for a long time. Mother Teresa then visited the No 40 Kindergarten in Tirana ...
  2. ^ Gëzim Alpion (2007). Mother Teresa: Saint or Celebrity?. Routledge. p. 317. ISBN 9780203087510. Albanian Catholic opera singer Marije Kraja, who is also known to have organized their funerals ...
  3. ^ a b c Eno Koço (2004). Albanian Urban Lyric Song in the 1930s. Scarecrow Press. pp. 58–61. ISBN 978-0-8108-4890-0.
  4. ^ a b c Robert Elsie (24 December 2012). A Biographical Dictionary of Albanian History. I.B. Tauris. p. 256. ISBN 978-1-78076-431-3.
  5. ^ Besarta (24 September 2015). "Sopranoja brilante Marie Kraja". Gazeta Vatra. Retrieved 24 December 2015.