Maridi State

Maridi State was a state in South Sudan that existed between 2 October 2015 and 22 February 2020.[3] It was formed on 2 October 2015 from Western Equatoria state. It was located in the Equatoria region. Maridi State bordered the states of Amadi State, Gbudwe State, Western Lakes State, and Yei River State.[4]

Maridi State
Location of Maridi State in South Sudan
Location of Maridi State in South Sudan
CountrySouth Sudan
CapitalMaridi[1]
Number of Counties7[2]
Population
 (2014 Estimate)
 • Total148,100

HistoryEdit

Before a decree in October 2015, Maridi State was part of Western Equatoria state. On 2 October 2015, President Salva Kiir issued a decree establishing 28 states in place of the 10 constitutionally established states.[5] The decree established the new states largely along ethnic lines. A number of opposition parties and civil society groups challenged the constitutionality of the decree. Kiir later resolved to take it to parliament for approval as a constitutional amendment.[6] In November the South Sudanese parliament empowered President Kiir to create new states.[7]

Africano Mande was appointed as the governor of the state on 24 December 2015.[8]

Government of Maridi StateEdit

Maridi State which is regulated by a State Constitution is run by the State Government, and supported by the State Legislative Assembly and the State Legal Administration. The Governor is the head of the State of Maridi and the current Governor of Maridi State is Col. Africano Mande Gedima.

The Military, the Police, the Internal Security Bureau, the Prison Services, the Wildlife Services and the Fire Services are also present in the State and they provide services ranging from security, defence to law enforcement.

The Government of Maridi State is made up of the State Secretariat which consists of the Governor, the Deputy Governor, the Advisor for Political Affairs, the Advisor for Security, the Advisor for Peace and Reconciliation and the Secretary General. There are also seven Ministries which are: State Minister of Local Government and Law Enforcement, State Minister of Information, Culture, Youth and Sports, State Minister of Finance and Public Services, State Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, State Minister of Physical Infrastructure, State Minister of Education, Gender and Social Welfare, and the State Minister of Health and Environment There are other support State Institutions which are: Maridi State Revenue Authority, Maridi State Investment Authority, Maridi State Municipal Council, Maridi State Training and Research Institute, and Maridi State Tourism Board.

The overall vision which the Government of Maridi State aims to achieve and as a matter of policy that the State Government aims to pursue is the realization of a peaceful, secured, healthy, skillful, productive, informed, cultured and ultimately economically prospered Maridi State with good accessibilities and whose populations are availed access to social services and opportunities to become innovative and progressive.

PeopleEdit

According to the national population census of 2009, the overall population of Maridi State is estimated to be 148,000 and Maridi State is a home to seven (7) ethnic groups which are Baka, Moru-Kodo, Mundu, Avukaya, Zanda, Wa’di and Wetu.

A 2013 survey had reported a majority of Baka people, with minorities of Avukaya, Azande, Moro (Moru), and Mundu people.[9]

GeographyEdit

Maridi State covers an estimated land size of 17,540 km2, bigger than some counties in the world with an altitude of 964.3 meters (3,164 feet), being the highest and 727.9 meters (2,388 feet), being the lowest. It also covers a long borderline with the Democratic Republic of Congo. Maridi State is located in the Equatoria region, and it borders Western Lakes to the north, Yei River to the southeast, Gbudwe to the west, and Amadi to the east.[4]

Administrative divisionsEdit

Maridi state consists of seven counties. The seven counties are Landili, Maridi, Kozi, Mambe, Ibba, Nabanga and Maruko Counties.[2] Each county was also given a commissioner.[4]

Towns and citiesEdit

The capital of Maridi State is the city of Maridi, South Sudan.[2] Other towns and villages in the state include Ibba.[10] Their total combined population of Maridi State is estimated to be 148,000 in 2008.[11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Nashion, Joseph (16 February 2016). "Maridi State Government Releases 40 Youth Previously Arrested In Connection To Rebellion". Gurtong. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
  2. ^ a b c "Maridi Citizens in Juba welcome new state". The Nation Mirror. 2 November 2015. Archived from the original on 6 January 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
  3. ^ Mutambo, Aggrey. "S. Sudan govt agrees to reduce states to 10 to maintain peace". The East African. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c "Maridi State". south-sudan.biz. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  5. ^ "Kiir and Makuei want 28 states in South Sudan". Radio Tamazuj. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08.
  6. ^ "Kiir pressured into taking decree to parliament for approval". Radio Tamazuj. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
  7. ^ "South Sudan's Kiir appoints governors of 28 new states". Sudan Tribune.
  8. ^ "South Sudan's President appoints 28 Governors, defies peace agreement". South Sudan News Agency. 24 December 2015. Archived from the original on 2 February 2016.
  9. ^ "Village Assessment Survey". International Organization for Migration South Sudan. 2013.
  10. ^ "Ibba". earth-explorer.appspot.com. Retrieved 27 November 2016.
  11. ^ "Ibba (County, South Sudan)". citypopulation.de. Retrieved 27 November 2016.