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Mariano Francisco Julio Goybet (17 August 1861 – 29 September 1943) was a French Army general, who held several commands in World War I.

Mariano Goybet
Mariano Goybet (cropped).jpg
Mariano Goybet
Birth nameMariano Francisco Julio Goybet
Born17 August 1861
Zaragoza, Spain
Died29 September 1943(1943-09-29) (aged 82)
Yenne, France
AllegianceFlag of France.svg France
Service/branchFrench Army
Years of service1882-1923
RankGeneral de division
Battles/warsWorld War I
AwardsGrand Officer of the Légion d'honneur
Croix de guerre 1914-1918
Distinguished Service Medal (United States)

Contents

FamilyEdit

His family is an old family from Savoy in France. Its members were notaries, merchants, mayors, captains of the castel, military and industrial people. An extinct branch called Goybet de Lutrin de Grilly was ennobled in the 18th Century and gave in 1753 a governor of the provinces of Chablais and Genevois. The coat of arms of this extinct branch was a blue field with three silver stars at the head and an upturned crescent at the point. Traversing the centre is a bar of gold.

Mariano Goybet was born in Zaragoza, Spain. He was the son of Pierre Jules Goybet (1823–1912), an industrialist and Marie Bravais, niece of the physicist Auguste Bravais. One of his grandmothers was Louise de de Mongolfier niece of the Montgolfier Brothers inventors of the hot air balloon.

Before the warEdit

He studied at the college in Lyon, then at the military school École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr and was promoted to second lieutenant in 1884.

He served in the 2nd Regiment of Tirailleurs Algériens, where he married Marguerite Lespieau, daughter of his commanding officer, general Theodore Lespieau. He was promoted to lieutenant in the 140th Regiment of Infantry, stationed in Grenoble, and then attended L'Ecole de Guerre (the War College), graduating with honours in 1892.

He served on the staff of the 27th Infantry Division, was promoted to captain in 1893 and was appointed as orderly officer to general Zédé, governor of Lyon, in 1896. He commanded a company of the 99th Regiment of Infantry then, following another staff appointment, he was made battalion chief of the 159th Regiment of Infantry.

In 1907 he took command of the 30th Battalion of Chasseurs Alpins as lieutenant-colonel. He was still in command of this battalion when he was promoted to colonel.

World War I (1914-1918)Edit

At the beginning of World War I he was assigned to the Vosges front with his Alpine battalion. He was placed at the head of the 152nd infantry regiment then he took command of the 81st Brigade and his troops took Steinbach in Alsace.

Wounded twice at Hartmannswillerskopf. Afterwards, he joined the 98th Infantry Regiment at the Verdun front. In autumn his division was transported north to the Battle of the Somme. He commanded the 50th Brigade.

In the beginning of 1917 he took command of the 25th Infantry Division and, as the enemy retreated, his division pursued them to the city of Saint Quentin. In August his men seized the woods of Avocourt after heavy fighting . In December, he was promoted to general.

 
Red Hand Division

In May 1918, General Goybet commanded the 157th Division, which had been decimated after the Chemin des Dames. It was reconstituted by putting together the 333rd Infantry Regiment (French) with the American 371st and the 372nd American Regiments.

The 157th Division participated in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive. With violent attacks, General Goybet broke the enemy front at Monthois, taking many prisoners and considerable materiel. After that he occupied the Vosges at the front of Sainte Marie les Mines.

He gave his military honour to his troops[1]. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal awarded by General Pershing[2] and was awarded the Order of the Army by Marechal Philippe Pétain on March 19, 1919[3]

1920 SyriaEdit

 
Damascus July 1920

In 1920 General Goybet was called by the General Henri Gouraud to command the Third Division of the Levant. In April 1920. Lebanon and Syria became a French mandate and in July 1920, the 24th Division commanded by General Goybet advanced on Damascus. After the battle of Maysaloun, General Goybet's troops arrived in Damascus[4]

Later lifeEdit

General Goybet died in Yenne, France in 1943.

DecorationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Chester D. Heywood, Negro Combat Troops in the World War :The Story of the 371st Infantry, 1928.
  2. ^ My dear General, the President delegated me to confer you the Distinguished Service Medal in the name of the United States government: As Commander of the 157th French Division of Infantry, you have been an important factor in the success of the allies by your valiant leadership and eminent tactical ability. The officers and soldiers of the 371st and 372nd American Infantry Regiments count it a great honor to have served as part of your command in the operations conducted by you in Champagne and in the Vosges. General John J. Pershing quoted in Chester D. Heywood, Negro Combat Troops in the World War :The Story of the 371st Infantry, 1928.
  3. ^ He showed the best qualities of Chief at the battles of Ormont and Spitzenberg in September 1914, and at the battle of Steinbach and in the Vosges during the winter of 1914-1915. He was wounded in April 1915. Marshal Philippe Pétain.
  4. ^ General Order 22 Aley, 24 July 1920. The General is deeply happy to address his congratulations to General Goybet and his valiant troops: 415th of line, 2nd Algerian sharpshooters, 11th and 10th Senegalese sharpshooters, light-infantry-men of Africa, Moroccan trooper regiment, batteries of African groups, batteries of 155, 314, company of tanks, bombardment groups and squadrons who in the hard fight of 24 of July, have broken the resistance of the enemy who defied us for 8 months. They have engraved a glorious page in the history of our country. General Gouraud

SourcesEdit

  • Heywood, Chester D. (1928). Negro Combat Troops in the World War
  • Scott, Emmet J. (1919). The American Negro in the World War
  • Jaillard, Henri (genealogist and member of the family) (August 25, 1964). Les Goybet de la vallée de Yenne

External linksEdit