Mariano Benlliure y Gil (8 September 1862 – 9 November 1947) was a Spanish sculptor and medallist, who executed many public monuments and religious sculptures in Spain, working in a heroic realist style.[2]

Mariano Benlliure
Portrait of Mariano Benlliure in his youth by his friend, Filipino painter Juan Luna[1]
Mariano Benlliure y Gil

(1862-09-08)8 September 1862
Died9 November 1947(1947-11-09) (aged 85)
Known forSculpting, Painting
MovementHeroic realism, Neoclassicism

Life and works edit

He was born in the Lower Street of the Carmen neighborhood of Valencia. His earliest sculptures featured bullfighting themes,[3] modeled in wax and cast in bronze. At the age of thirteen he showed a wax modello of a picador at the Exposición Nacional de Bellas Artes, 1876. Pursuing the thought of becoming a painter, he went to Paris his expenses paid by his master, Francisco Domingo Marqués. A trip to Rome in 1879, revealing at first hand the sculptures of Michelangelo convinced him to be a sculptor. In 1887 he established himself permanently in Madrid, where in that year's Exposición Nacional his portrait sculpture of the painter Ribera won him a first-prize.[2]

Benlliure's style is characterized by detailed naturalism allied to an impressionistic spontaneity. His portrait busts and public monuments are numerous, and include:

Benlliure was the protector of the Cadiz sculptor Juan Luis Vassallo, taking charge of the reproduction of the work La Jeroma, which in 1927 had won first prize at the Casino.[13] Mariano Benlliure was the engraver of the first Peseta coins issued in 1947 showing the head of Franco.[14]

He was depicted on the Spanish 500 ptas banknote in the 1950s, with his sculpture "Sepulcro De Gayarre en el Roncal" on the reverse.

His brothers José and Juan Antonio [es] were also painters.

Works edit

References edit

  1. ^ a b Santiago Albano Pilar (1980). Juan Luna, the Filipino as painter. Eugenio Lōpez Foundation. p. 56.
  2. ^ a b España es Cultura. "Mariano Benlliure". Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport, Government of Spain. Retrieved December 4, 2014.
  3. ^ "Neoclassicism: Mariano Benlliure". Spanish Arts. 2011. Retrieved December 4, 2014.
  4. ^ Gómez, Pablo (24 January 2016). "Tierno Galván versus Álvaro de Bazán". La Razón.
  5. ^ Romero-Sánchez, Guadalupe; Marfil-Carmona, Rafael (2020). "La imagen de la mujer en el patrimonio urbano de Granada. El espacio público de la ciudad como "escenario comunicativo"" (PDF). Revista Internacional de Investigación en Comunicación aDResearch ESIC. 22 (22): 202. doi:10.7263/adresic-022-11.
  6. ^ Pastor Mateos, Enrique (1977). "Mariano Benlliure, en Madrid y en la vía pública" (PDF). Villa de Madrid. XV (54). Madrid: Ayuntamiento de Madrid: 30. ISSN 0042-6164.
  7. ^ "El monumento a Martínez Campos, de Benlliure, Bien de Interés Cultural". Telemadrid. 22 November 2013.
  8. ^ Reyero, Carlos (2013). "Benlliure monumental". Mariano Benlliure. El dominio de la materia (PDF). p. 109. ISBN 978-84-451-3458-0.
  9. ^ "Anexo: Índice de monumentos de Mariano Benlliure". Mariano Benlliure. El dominio de la materia (PDF). Madrid & Valencia: Dirección General de Patrimonio Histórico de la Comunidad de Madrid; Consorcio de Museos de la Comunitat Valenciana. 2013. pp. 336–337. ISBN 978-84-451-3458-0.
  10. ^ Afinidad-Bernardo, Deni Rose M. "No TikTok stand: Historic statue by Rizal's 'barkada' extends stay in the Philippines". Retrieved 2023-05-23.
  11. ^ a b Doctolero, Jumalynne (9 October 2023). "MIB turns over 'Bust of Juan Luna y Novicio' to Filipino Nation". Philippine Information Agency. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
  12. ^ Acebuche, Yoniel (10 October 2023). "Century-old 'Bust of Juan Luna y Novicio' now in its permanent home at the National Museum". The Philippine Star: Life. Retrieved 10 October 2023.
  13. ^ Cádiz, Diario de (2022-10-21). "¿Quién era Juan Luis Vassallo?". Diario de Cádiz (in European Spanish). Retrieved 2023-11-30.
  14. ^ "Las primeras monedas con Franco" (in Spanish). 150 años de la peseta. Retrieved 3 July 2022.