Mariano Benlliure

Mariano Benlliure (8 September 1862 – 9 November 1947) was a Spanish sculptor, who executed many public monuments and religious sculptures in Spain, working in a heroic realist style.[2]

Mariano Benlliure y Gil
Luna Mariano Benlliure.jpg
Portrait of Mariano Benlliure in his youth by his friend, Filipino painter Juan Luna[1]
Born
Mariano Benlliure y Gil

(1862-09-08)September 8, 1862
DiedNovember 9, 1947(1947-11-09) (aged 85)
Known forSculpting, Painting
MovementHeroic realism, Neoclassicism

Life and worksEdit

He was born in the Lower Street of the Carmen neighborhood of Valencia. His earliest sculptures featured bullfighting themes,[3] modeled in wax and cast in bronze. At the age of thirteen he showed a wax modello of a picador at the Exposición Nacional de Bellas Artes, 1876. Pursuing the thought of becoming a painter, he went to Paris his expenses paid by his master, Francisco Domingo Marqués. A trip to Rome in 1879, revealing at first hand the sculptures of Michelangelo convinced him to be a sculptor. In 1887 he established himself permanently in Madrid, where in that year's Exposición Nacional his portrait sculpture of the painter Ribera won him a first-prize.[2]

Benlliure's style is characterized by detailed naturalism allied to an impressionistic spontaneity. His portrait busts and public monuments are numerous, and include:

He was depicted on the Spanish 500 ptas banknote in the 1950s, with his sculpture "Sepulcro De Gayarre en el Roncal" on the reverse.

His brothers José and Juan Antonio were also painters.

WorksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Santiago Albano Pilar (1980). Juan Luna, the Filipino as painter. Eugenio Lōpez Foundation. p. 56.
  2. ^ a b España es Cultura. "Mariano Benlliure". Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport, Government of Spain. Retrieved December 4, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ "Neoclassicism: Mariano Benlliure". Spanish Arts. 2011. Retrieved December 4, 2014. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ Gómez, Pablo (24 January 2016). "Tierno Galván versus Álvaro de Bazán". La Razón.
  5. ^ Romero-Sánchez, Guadalupe; Marfil-Carmona, Rafael (2020). "La imagen de la mujer en el patrimonio urbano de Granada. El espacio público de la ciudad como «escenario comunicativo»" (PDF). Revista Internacional de Investigación en Comunicación aDResearch ESIC. 22 (22): 202. doi:10.7263/adresic-022-11.
  6. ^ Pastor Mateos, Enrique (1977). "Mariano Benlliure, en Madrid y en la vía pública" (PDF). Villa de Madrid. Madrid: Ayuntamiento de Madrid. XV (54): 30. ISSN 0042-6164.
  7. ^ "El monumento a Martínez Campos, de Benlliure, Bien de Interés Cultural". Telemadrid. 22 November 2013.
  8. ^ Reyero, Carlos (2013). "Benlliure monumental". Mariano Benlliure. El dominio de la materia (PDF). p. 109. ISBN 978-84-451-3458-0.
  9. ^ "Anexo: Índice de monumentos de Mariano Benlliure". Mariano Benlliure. El dominio de la materia (PDF). Madrid & Valencia: Dirección General de Patrimonio Histórico de la Comunidad de Madrid; Consorcio de Museos de la Comunitat Valenciana. 2013. pp. 336–337. ISBN 978-84-451-3458-0.