Maria Theresa of Austria (1816–1867)
Maria Theresa of Austria (Maria Theresia Isabella; 31 July 1816 – 8 August 1867) was the second wife of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies. She was the eldest daughter of Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen and Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg.
|Queen Maria Theresa|
|Queen consort of the Two Sicilies|
|Tenure||27 January 1837 – 22 May 1859|
|Born||31 July 1816|
Vienna, Empire of Austria
|Died||8 August 1867 (aged 51)|
Albano Laziale, Kingdom of Italy
|Spouse||Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies|
|Father||Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen|
|Mother||Princess Henrietta of Nassau-Weilburg|
Her paternal grandparents were Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Luisa of Spain. Her maternal grandparents were Frederick William of Nassau-Weilburg (1768–1816) and his wife Burgravine Louise Isabelle of Kirchberg.
Queen Maria Theresa is described as badly dressed and did not answer to the ideal of a regal person: she disliked her public role and life at court and preferred to confine herself to her private rooms dedicated to needlework and her children. She had a good relationship to both her spouse and her stepson Francis: her stepson respected her and she used to demonstratively call him her son. Maria Theresa was interested in politics: she is known to have acted as the king's advisor and to have influenced him to be strict, and when she could not be present at the reception of officials and wished to hear the conversation, she listened to the talk behind the door. She nursed Ferdinand on his death bed.
At the death of her spouse, she intended to continue her political activity by being the advisor to her stepson Francis, the new monarch. Francis was willing, and her authoritarian policy has been considered to contribute to the public discontent which led to the abolishment of the Kingdom of Naples. Francis' spouse Duchess Maria Sophia in Bavaria, however, disputed her influence and Francis had a difficult position in the conflict between his wife and stepmother, without being able to satisfy either. Maria Sophia informed Francis about a plot created by Maria Theresa with the attempt to put the biological son of Maria Theresa on the throne, but Francis chose to believe Maria Theresa when she swore her innocence. It was not until the revolts against the monarchy had already begun that Francis decided to listen to the advice of his wife rather than his stepmother. Maria Theresa was among the first to leave Naples during the revolt: first to Gaeta with her children and advisors, and then to Rome. She resided in the same palace that Francis and Maria Sophia would use when they arrived. She died from cholera, nursed by her stepson Francis, who mourned her greatly.
|Lodovico, Count of Trani||1 August 1838||8 June 1886||Married Mathilde Ludovika, Duchess in Bavaria, sister of Empress Elisabeth of Austria. Their only daughter, Princess Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, married Prince Wilhelm of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen.|
|Alberto, Count of Castrogiovanni||17 September 1839||12 July 1844||Died in childhood.|
|Alfonso, Count of Caserta||28 March 1841||26 May 1934||Married his first cousin Princess Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and has issue. The current lines of Bourbon-Two Sicilies descend from him.|
|Maria Annunciata of the Two Sicilies||24 March 1843||4 May 1871||Married Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria.|
|Maria Immaculata of the Two Sicilies||14 April 1844||18 February 1899||Married Archduke Karl Salvator of Austria, Prince of Tuscany.|
|Gaetano, Count of Girgenti||12 January 1846||26 November 1871||In 1868, he married Isabel, Infanta of Spain (eldest daughter of Queen Isabella II of Spain) and was created Infante of Spain.|
|Giuseppe, Count of Lucera||4 March 1848||28 September 1851||Died in childhood.|
|Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies||21 August 1849||29 September 1882||Married Robert I, Duke of Parma.|
|Vincenzo, Count of Melazzo||26 April 1851||13 October 1854||Died in childhood.|
|Pasquale, Count of Bari||15 September 1852||21 December 1904||Married morganatically to Blanche Marconnay.|
|Maria Louisa of the Two Sicilies||21 January 1855||23 February 1874||Married Prince Henry of Bourbon-Parma, Count of Bardi.|
|Gennaro, Count of Caltagirone||28 February 1857||13 August 1867||Died in childhood.|
Titles and stylesEdit
- 31 July 1816 - 27 January 1837: Her Imperial and Royal Highness Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria, Princess of Hungary and Bohemia
- 27 January 1837 - 22 May 1859: Her Majesty The Queen of the Two Sicilies
- 22 May 1859 - 8 August 1867: Her Majesty The Queen Dowager of the Two Sicilies
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Media related to Maria Theresa of Austria (1816–1867) at Wikimedia Commons
- Marek, Miroslav. "A listing of descendants of Archduke Charles, Duke of Teschen". Genealogy.EU.
Maria Theresa of Austria (1816–1867)Born: 31 July 1816 Died: 8 August 1867
Title last held byPrincess Maria Cristina of Savoy
| Queen consort of the Two Sicilies
27 January 1837 – 22 May 1859
Duchess Maria Sophie of Bavaria