Maria Fire

The Maria Fire was a wildfire that burned the south of the community of Santa Paula in the area of Somis, California on the top of South Mountain in Ventura County. The fire ignited in the evening hours of Thursday, October 31, 2019 and consumed well over 4,000 acres (16 km2) within its first several hours of burning.[3] Despite the aggressive initial attack by first responders, the fire exploded rapidly due to a strong Santa Ana wind event that was occurring in the area during its ignition.[3]

Maria Fire
Photo of the Maria Fire shortly before flight operations were called off due to the drone on the night of October 31, 2019.
LocationSanta Paula, Ventura County, California
Coordinates34°18′08″N 118°59′50″W / 34.302212°N 118.997115°W / 34.302212; -118.997115Coordinates: 34°18′08″N 118°59′50″W / 34.302212°N 118.997115°W / 34.302212; -118.997115
Statistics[1]
Date(s)October 31, 2019 (2019-10-31) – November 6, 2019 (2019-11-06)
Burned area9,999 acres (4,046 ha)
Causedowned electric power line owned by California Resources Corporation during extreme wind conditions[2]
Buildings destroyed4 damaged
Map
Maria Fire is located in southern California
Maria Fire
Location in Southern California
Location of Maria Fire

EventsEdit

On the eve of Thursday, October 31, at 6:13 pm, the Maria fire was reported burning at the top of South Mountain between Santa Paula and Somis and was seen making an aggressive run southwest towards the community of Somis as the fire expanded throughout that evening.[4] Heavily influenced by 20-30 mph winds within the canyons, the fire became a full scale conflagration within its first several hours of burning, growing from 50 to 750 acres inside an hour, to over 4,000 acres (16 km2) by 9:45 pm.[4][5] The fire worked its way north towards Santa Paula in the Santa Clara River Valley, whose topography can serve as a wind tunnel for Santa Ana winds.[6] Mandatory evacuations were ordered for a wide swath of over 1,800 homes surrounding the fire area, affecting over 7,500 residents.[4][5]

Shortly before 11 pm, a drone had been reported flying over the fireline which immediately caused the suspension and grounding of all nighttime water-dropping helicopters that were currently fighting the fire.[7] This hazard then allowed the incident to continue its critical rate of spread virtually unchecked. By 11:45 pm, the fire had reportedly grown to 7,400 acres with zero containment as the fire progressed predominantly westward.[8]

During the day of November 1, three different DC-10 air tankers contracted to the US Forest Service (910, 911 and 914) and flying from Santa Maria[9] and San Bernardino airports made multiple runs on the Maria Fire, along with helicopters including an Erickson Skycrane.

Fire growth and containment progressEdit

Fire containment status Gray: contained; Red: active; %: percent contained;
Date Area burned acres (km2) Containment
Oct 31
Nov 1
Nov 2
Nov 3 9,412 acres (38 km2)[10]
70%
Nov 4 9,412 acres (38 km2)[11]
80%

Initial inquiries into the cause or origin of the Maria fire revealed that Southern California Edison (SCE), the power utility operating in the area, had re-energized 16,000 volt transmission lines in the vicinity roughly 13 minutes before first reports of the fire were received. The lines were de-energized beforehand specifically to avoid the possibility of its power lines causing fires due to the high winds in the area. SCE issued a statement indicating that it had no specific information on the cause of the fire and that it would "cooperate with the appropriate investigative agencies if asked to do so."[12] The final report issued in October 2020 on the cause of the fire cited a combination of extreme wind conditions and a power line owned by California Resources Corporation that touched a metal pipe on the ground after an electrical conductor separated.[2]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Maria Fire". CAL FIRE. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
  2. ^ a b Orozco, Lance (October 22, 2020). "Investigators Determine Causes Of Two Major Ventura County Wildfires Which Forced Thousands To Flee". KCLU News. Retrieved 2020-10-23.
  3. ^ a b Staff, ABC7. "Massive brush fire erupts on top of South Mountain near Santa Paula". ABC 7 Eyewitness News. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
  4. ^ a b c Carlson, Cheri; Diskin, Megan; Jazi, Mo Najafian. "Maria Fire atop South Mountain explodes between Santa Paula and Somis". VC Star. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
  5. ^ a b Wigglesworth, Alex. "Brush fire in Ventura County explodes to 4,000 acres, prompting evacuations". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
  6. ^ Fry, Hanna; Puente, Mark; Lin II, Rong-Gong; Wigglesworth, Alex (2019-11-01). "Maria fire charges toward Santa Paula neighborhoods, forcing additional evacuations". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2019-11-01.
  7. ^ Day, Brian. "Maria Fire Ignites On Top of South Mountain Near Santa Paula; Thousand Evacuated as Flames Char More Than 4,000 Acres". KTLA. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
  8. ^ Staff, CBS 2 News. "Maria Fire: Evacuations Ordered As Brush Fire Erupts In Santa Paula". KCBS-TV. Retrieved 31 October 2019.
  9. ^ Syed, Razi (November 1, 2019). "Air tankers flying out of Santa Maria help keep Maria fire at bay". Santa Maria Times. Retrieved 2019-11-04.
  10. ^ "Maria Fire" (PDF). CAL FIRE. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
  11. ^ "Maria Fire" (PDF). CAL FIRE. November 4, 2019. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
  12. ^ "Maria Fire". USA TODAY. November 2, 2019. Retrieved November 2, 2019.