Princess Maria Antonia Koháry

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Princess Mária Antónia von Koháry (2 July 1797 – 25 September 1862) was a Hungarian noblewoman and the ancestor of several European monarchs. She was the heiress of the Koháry family and one of the three largest landowners in Hungary.

Princess Mária Antónia
Princess Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Maria Antonia Kohary.jpg
Born(1797-07-02)2 July 1797
Died25 September 1862(1862-09-25) (aged 65)
BuriedFriedhof am Glockenberg [de], Coburg
Noble familyKoháry
Spouse(s)Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
FatherFerenc József, Prince Koháry de Csábrág et Szitnya
MotherCountess Maria Antonia von Waldstein-Wartenberg

Early lifeEdit

She was born in Buda, as Countess Maria Antonia Koháry de Csábrág et Szitnya, the second child of Franz Josef, Count Koháry de Csábrág and his wife, Countess Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna Baptista von Waldstein-Wartenberg.[1] Her older brother Franz died, aged two, on 19 April 1795. This left Antónia, from the moment of her birth, as the sole heir to the vast fortune of the House of Koháry.


She inherited over 150000 hectares of land in present-day Lower Austria, Hungary and Slovakia, including estates, forests, mines and factories. According to a list of assets appended to the marriage contract of her son, Prince August, at the time of his marriage to Princess Clémentine of Orléans in 1843, the Koháry properties included the enormous Palais Koháry in the center of Vienna and several Viennese manors, a summer home and lands at Ebenthal, Lower Austria, estates in Austria at Velm, Durnkrut, Walterskirchen, Bohmischdrut and Althoflein, as well as a dozen manors in Hungary, the domaine of Kiralytia, and a mansion at Pest.[2] As late as 1868, when Antónia's grandson Prince Ferdinand, Duke of Alencon, married, it was estimated that he and his three siblings stood to inherit a total of a million francs just from their share of their late grandmother's estate.[2] Until the first world war, her descendants, the Koháry branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, were among the three largest landowners in Hungary.

On 30 November 1815, in Vienna, she married Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha.[1] He was an elder brother of Prince Leopold, future King of the Belgians but then consort to Princess Charlotte of Wales, who was expected to inherit the crown of Great Britain, and also elder brother of the Duchess of Kent, mother of the future Queen Victoria.[2] To make her a suitable bride for a prince, the emperor had raised her father (whose ancestors had been created counts in the Hungarian nobility in July 1685 and barons in February 1616) to Prince Koháry of Csábrág and Szitnya in Austria's nobility on 15 November 1815, two weeks before the wedding, thereby allowing her to come to her bridesgroom already a Princess.[1]

She died in Vienna in 1862, and was buried in the ducal mausoleum on the Friedhof am Glockenberg, (Glockenberg cemetery) in Coburg.[3]

Marriage and issueEdit

She and her husband became the parents of four children:[2]

The couple were also ancestors of Pedro V of Portugal, Luis I of Portugal, Charles I of Austria, Otto von Habsburg, Michael I of Romania, Peter II of Yugoslavia, Ferdinand I of Bulgaria, Boris III of Bulgaria, Simeon II of Bulgaria, Henri, Count of Paris, Prince Boris of Leiningen and Prince Hermann Friedrich of LeiningenPedro de Alcântara, Prince of Grão-Pará, and members of the Imperial House of Brazil alive today.




  1. ^ a b c "Kohary". Almanach de Gotha. Gotha, Saxe-Coburg and Gotha: Justus Perthes. 1825. pp. 3, 106–107.
  2. ^ a b c d Paoli, Dominique (2006). Fortunes & Infortunes des Princes d'Orléans. France: Editions Artena. pp. 107, 113, 372. ISBN 2-35154-004-2.
  3. ^ Harald Sandner: Das Haus Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha 1826 bis 2001; Eine Dokumentation zum 175-jährigen Jubiläum des Stammhauses in Wort und Bild, Neue Presse, Coburg, 2001, ISBN 3-00-008525-4, p. 321
  4. ^ Bragança, Jose Vicente de (2014). "Agraciamentos Portugueses Aos Príncipes da Casa Saxe-Coburgo-Gota" [Portuguese Honours awarded to Princes of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha]. Pro Phalaris (in Portuguese). 9–10: 6. Retrieved 28 November 2019.


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