Margherita Malatesta

Margherita Malatesta of the House of Malatesta (1370 – 28 February 1399) was the wife of Francesco I Gonzaga of the powerful House of Gonzaga, the ruler of Mantua in Northern Italy, whom she married in 1393.[1] They were already related through the marriage of his sister, Elisabetta, to her brother, Carlo.[1][2] Francesco's first wife Agnese Visconti had been executed for infidelity in 1391.[3] Margherita and Francesco I were the parents of Gianfrancesco I the first Marquis of Mantua. Gianfrancesco married Paola Malatesta,[1] daughter of Malatesta IV, in 1409.

Margherita Malatesta
Consort of the ruler of Mantua
Маргарита Малатеста.jpg
Coat of armsBlasone Malatesta.svg
PredecessorAgnese Visconti
SuccessorPaola Malatesta
Born1370 (1370) -->
Died(1399-02-28)February 28, 1399
BuriedChurch of San Francesco (Mantua)
Noble familyHouse of Malatesta
Spouse(s)Francesco I Gonzaga
FatherGaleotto I Malatesta
MotherElisabetta da Varano

The network of related women Margherita Malatesta, Alda d'Este, and Elisabetta and Margherita Gonzaga are considered to have tied together the courts of Mantua, Ferrara, Rimini and Pesaro.[4] The Gonzaga family struck medals of Margherita.[5] Margherita brought the hereditary disease of rickets to the Gonzagas, which manifested itself periodically in the lords of Mantua until the 16th century. She died on February 28, 1399 and was interred in Church of San Francesco in Mantua, in the mausoleum of the Gonzagas.


Francesco and Margherita had two children:

  • Gianfrancesco (1395 - 1444), his successor and the marquis of Mantua;[1][2]
  • Susanna, who died young.



  1. ^ a b c d Robert Tavernor (1998). On Alberti and the Art of Building. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. p. 125.
  2. ^ a b Giovanni Paccagnini; Maria Figlioli Paccagnini (1986). Palazzo Ducale of Mantua. Mantua: Electa.
  3. ^ Christopher Kleinhenz (2004). Routledge Revivals: Medieval Italy. 2 (1 ed.). Routledge.
  4. ^ Isabella Lazzarini (2015). Communication and Conflict: Italian Diplomacy in the Early Renaissance, 1350-1520. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 142.
  5. ^ H. R. Storer (1888). "The Medals of St. Charles Borromeo". American Journal of Numismatics. 23 (2): 35.


  • Adelaide, Murgia (1972). I Gonzaga. Milan: Mondadori.
  • Giancarlo, Malacarne (2010). Gonzaga, Genealogie di una dinastia. Modena.
  • Litta Biumi, Pompeo. Famiglie celebri italiane (in Italian). Milano: Luciano Basadonna Editore. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  • Giuseppe Amadei; Ercolano Marani, eds. (1980). I ritratti gonzagheschi della collezione di Ambras. Mantua.

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