Margaret I, Countess of Flanders

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Margaret I (c. 1145 - died 15 November 1194) was the countess of Flanders suo jure from 1191 to her death.

Margaret I
Margaret I of Flanders.png
Margaret's effigy on a seal
Borncirca 1145
Died(1194-11-15)15 November 1194
BuriedSt. Donatian's Cathedral in Bruges
Noble familyMetz
Spouse(s)Ralph II, Count of Vermandois
Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut
FatherThierry, Count of Flanders
MotherSibylla of Anjou

Early lifeEdit

Margaret was the daughter of Count Thierry of Flanders and Sibylla of Anjou.[1] In 1160 she married Count Ralph II of Vermandois.[2] Due to his leprosy, the marriage could not be consummated and remained childless. He died of leprosy in 1167 without issue. In 1169 she married Count Baldwin V of Hainaut,[1] a scion of the House of Flanders.

CountshipEdit

In 1191, Margaret's brother Count Philip I of Flanders died childless, and she as his heir claimed the county of Flanders with the support of her husband. Her claims was questioned by the king of France who, with support of Ghent, declared Flanders escheated to the crown due to the lack of male heirs, a problem that was not solved until the Treaty of Arras by the mediation of the archbishop of Riems.[3] They met some unrest among the nobility of the area, foremost by her brother's widow, Theresa of Portugal, who was given extensive dower lands in the coastal and southern Flanders where she provoked considerable unrest by high taxation.[3]

The right of Margaret and her husband to the County of Flanders was not finally acknowledged until 1 March 1192.[3] As countess, she objected to all foreign legal independence in her lands, and accordingly, she prevented the Hanse merchants living in Bruges from acquiring a separate quarter and rights for themselves in the port of Damme. [4]

Margaret died on 15 November 1194; as her husband had become count of Flanders only by marriage, he could not remain sole count, and Margaret was succeeded by their son Baldwin IX.[5]

IssueEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Evergates 1999, p. 114.
  2. ^ Evergates 1999, p. 126.
  3. ^ a b c Nicholas 1992, p. 74.
  4. ^ Classen, Albrecht (ed.) Handbook of Medieval Culture, Volym 2, 2015
  5. ^ Nicholas 1992, p. 75.

SourcesEdit

  • Evergates, Theodore, ed. (1999). Aristocratic Women in Medieval France. University of Pennsylvania Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Nicholas, David (1992). Medieval Flanders. Longman.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
Preceded by
Philip
Countess of Flanders  
1191–1194
with Baldwin VIII (1191–1194)
Succeeded by
Baldwin IX