Margaret D. Foster
Margaret Dorothy Foster (March 4, 1895 – November 5, 1970) was an American chemist. She was the first female chemist to work for the United States Geological Survey, and was recruited to work on the Manhattan Project.
Margaret D. Foster
working in the lab in 1919
|Died||November 5, 1970 (aged 75)|
|Alma mater||Illinois College, |
George Washington University,
|Known for||first female chemist to work on the United States Geological Survey, |
Manhattan Project Chemistry and Physics Section
|Institutions||United States Geological Survey;|
She was born in Chicago, Illinois. Her father was James Edward Foster and mother was Minnie (McAuley) Foster. She graduated from Illinois College, George Washington University and from American University, with a Ph.D.
Beginning in 1918, she became the first female chemist to work on the United States Geological Survey, developing ways to detect minerals within naturally occurring bodies of water. In 1942, she worked on the Manhattan Project in the Chemistry and Physics Section, under Roger C. Wells, developing two new techniques of quantitative analysis, one for uranium and one for thorium, as well as two new ways to separate the two elements. Upon her return to the Geological Survey after the war, she researched the chemistry of clay minerals and micas. She retired in March 1965.
- Fahey, Joseph J. (March–April 1971). "Memorial of Margaret D. Foster" (PDF). The American Mineralogist. 56: 686–690. Retrieved 28 March 2014.
- Ruth H. Howes, Caroline L. Herzenberg (2003). Their Day in the Sun: Women of the Manhattan Project. Temple University Press. pp. 91–2. ISBN 9781592131921.
- D, Foster, Margaret; sysadmin (1 January 1919). "Margaret D. Foster (1895-1970)".
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- "Margaret D. Foster (1895-1970) | Smithsonian Institution Archives". siarchives.si.edu. Retrieved 2014-03-18.