Mareșal (Romania)

Mareșal (Marshal) is the highest rank in the Army of Romania, the Romanian Armed Forces. It is the equivalent of a field marshal in other countries.

The insignia of a Mareșal as worn on epaulettes
Country Romania
RankFive-star rank
NATO rank codeOF-10
Non-NATO rankO-11
Next lower rankGeneral
HM King Michael I, the last surviving Marshal of Romania after World War II, depicted in his uniform on the fresco of Sâmbăta de Sus Monastery.

The rank of mareșal can only be bestowed to a General or Admiral (Romanian: amiral), in time of war for exceptional military merits,[1] by the President of Romania[2] and confirmed by the Supreme Council of National Defense.[3]

Only three non-royal persons were bestowed the rank mareșal to date: Alexandru Averescu, Constantin Prezan, and Ion Antonescu. The first two were Generals during World War I, and the last was General during World War II, and Ruler of Romania between the abdication of King Carol II (6 September 1940) and his arrest by King Michael I (23 August 1944). Of the Romanian kings, Ferdinand I, Carol II and Michael I were Marshals of Romania. King Carol I was simultaneously Russian and German field marshal.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Law no. 80 from 11 July 1995 regarding the Statute of the Military Personnel Archived 8 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ The Constitution of Romania[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ "Law no. 415 from 27 June 2002 referring to the functioning of the Supreme Council of National Defense". Archived from the original on 17 January 2005. Retrieved 2 May 2019.