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Marcus Nonius Mucianus was a Roman senator who was active in the second century. He was suffect consul in the nundinium of October-December 138 as the colleague of Publius Cassius Secudus.[1]

There is confusion in the secondary literature about the proper form of his name. In one inscription, referring to the military tribune of Legio X Fretensis, the name Marcus Nonius Mucianus M.f. Pob. Mucianus Publius Delphius Peregrinus appears.[2] In another, referring to the suffect consul of 138, the name Publius Delphius Peregrinus Alfius Allenius Maximus Curtius Valerianus Proculus Marcus Nonius Mucianus appears.[3] This problem is discussed by Olli Salomies. While admitting that "there is no compelling reason for the identification", he concedes that "all scholars agree in regarding the men as identical."[4] Salomies then attempts to explain the name in accordance with known rules of Roman naming practice. He proposes that Mucianus was the son of a Marcus Nonius -- "from Verona but related to the Nonii of Brixia" -- and a Delphia P.f.; she was the daughter of a Publius Delphius Peregrinus and of a Delphia who was the sister of a Publius Delphius Peregrinus Alfius Alennius Maximus Curtius Valerianus Proculus. Now, according to Salomies, our subject was originally named Marcus Nonius Mucianus Publius Delphius Peregrinus, the items he inherited from his mother added to the end of his name. Between his tenure as legate or assistant to the governor of Asia and his consulship, he was adopted by his maternal uncle and accordingly put the adoptive elements -- e.g., Publius Delphius Peregrinus Alfius Alennius, etc. -- at the beginning of his name, simultaneously dropping it from the end.[4]

Alföldy states Mucianus has his origins in Verona, where two other senators of the same tribe have been attested.[5] Salomies proposes one of them -- Publius Alfius Alennius Maximus Curtius Valerianus, the son of Curtia C.f. Procilla -- was Mucianus' relative.[6]

Edward Dabrowa has reconstructed Mucianus' cursus honorum from at least two inscriptions. His first recorded office was as military tribune of Legio X Fretensis, during the reign of Hadrian. This was followed by the traditional order of republican magistracies: quaestor, aedile, and praetor. Then he was legate to the proconsular governor of Asia.[7] Mucianus' career after he acceded to the consulship is unknown.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Géza Alföldy, Konsulat und Senatorenstand unter den Antoninen (Bonn: Habelt Verlag, 1977), p. 137
  2. ^ CIL V, 3343
  3. ^ CIL VIII, 23246
  4. ^ a b Salomies, Adoptive and polyonymous nomenclature in the Roman Empire, (Helsinski: Societas Scientiarum Fenica, 1992), p. 129
  5. ^ Alföldy, Konsulat und Senatorenstand, p. 303
  6. ^ Salomies, Adoptive and polyonymous nomenclature, p. 128
  7. ^ Dabrowa, Legio X Fretensis: A Prosopographical Study of its Officers (I-III c. A.D.) (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 1993), p. 55
Political offices
Preceded by
Marcus Vindius Verus, and
Publius Pactumeius Clemens

as Suffect Consuls
Suffect consul of the Roman Empire
138
with Publius Cassius Secudus
Succeeded by
Antonius Pius II, and
Gaius Bruttius Praesens Fulvius Rusticus II

as Ordinary Consuls