Marcus Luttrell (born November 7, 1975) is a former United States Navy SEAL who received the Navy Cross and Purple Heart for his actions in June 2005 against Taliban fighters during Operation Red Wings. Luttrell was a SO1 by the end of his eight-year career in the United States Navy.
Luttrell at the 2007 Texas Book Festival in Austin, Texas.
|Nickname(s)||"Southern Boy", "The One", "The Lone Survivor"|
|Born||November 7, 1975|
Houston, Texas, U.S.
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1999–2007|
|Rank||Hospital corpsman first class|
|Unit||United States Navy SEALs|
|Awards|| Navy Cross|
Melanie Juneau (m. 2010)
|Other work||Service: A Navy SEAL at War (2012)|
Lone Survivor (2007)
Lone Survivor Foundation
Early life and educationEdit
Luttrell was born in Houston, Texas, on November 7, 1975. He began training for the U.S. Navy SEALs at the age of 14, with U.S. Army veteran Billy Shelton, who lived near Luttrell's home. Luttrell trained every day with his twin brother, Morgan, and others who aspired to join the U.S Navy and other special operations forces. Shelton trained them using various weight and endurance exercises. After high school at Huntsville High Huntsville TX, Luttrell attended Sam Houston State University where he was a member of the Epsilon Zeta Chapter Delta Tau Delta Fraternity. In 1998 he graduated with a B.S in International Business.
Luttrell enlisted in the U.S. Navy in March 1999. After graduating from bootcamp and Hospital Corpsman A-school, he transferred to Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL (BUD/S) Class 226. However, due to a fractured femur he suffered from falling off a rope, he graduated with Class 228 on April 21, 2000. After completing BUD/S, Luttrell attended Army jump school and SEAL Qualification Training (SQT). Luttrell earned his Navy Enlisted Classification (NEC) 5326 Combatant Swimmer (SEAL) and Naval Special Warfare Insignia on February 2, 2001 after completing SQT. He was then sent to Fort Bragg, North Carolina, for the Special Operations Combat Medic (SOCM) course. SOCM was an additional six months of advanced training in conventional and unconventional medical skills, ranging from diagnosis and treatment of many conditions to advanced emergency medicine and battlefield life support. He was deployed to Iraq with SEAL Team 5 on April 14, 2003, during the 2003 invasion of Iraq, to root out and destroy leftover Iraqi resistance and joined in the search for WMDs. Afterward, he carried out operations to eliminate or capture terrorists.
He was deployed to Afghanistan in 2005 with SEAL Team Ten as part of SEAL Delivery Vehicle Team One (SDV-1). While in Afghanistan, he was involved in Operation Red Wings, during which the four-man Special Reconnaissance element with SDV-1 was discovered by local herdsmen, subsequently ambushed, and all killed except Luttrell. Luttrell was awarded the Navy Cross for his actions during the operation. The team knew the local herdsmen might reveal their whereabouts to Taliban fighters but, because they were not armed combatants, the team allowed the herdsmen to leave despite the risk to themselves and their mission.
During the ambush of Operation Red Wings the four SEALs were attacked from three sides and took fire from RPK machine guns, AK-47s, RPG-7s, and 82mm mortars. The attack forced the SEALs into the northeast gorge of the Shuryek Valley side of Sawtalo Sar. The SEALs made a number of attempts to contact their combat operations center with a PRC-148 MBITR (Multi Band Inter/Intra Team Radio) and then with an Iridium satellite phone. They could not establish consistent communication, however, other than for a period long enough to indicate that they were under attack. Three of the four team members were killed, and Luttrell, the only survivor, was left unconscious with a number of fractures, a broken back, and numerous shrapnel wounds. Members of SEAL Team 10 attempted a rescue during the firefight, but their helicopter was shot down, and all aboard were killed. Luttrell regained consciousness and evaded the pursuing enemy, with the help of local Pashtun villagers, one of them being Mohammad Gulab, who eventually sent an emissary to the nearest U.S. base to secure Luttrell's safe rescue and ultimately saved his life.
After recovering from his injuries, Luttrell returned to active duty and deployed to Ramadi during Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2006, as part of SEAL Team Five. He later had his knees blown out and fractured his spine again. These injuries ultimately led to his discharge.
The President of the United States of America takes pleasure in presenting the Navy Cross to Petty Officer Marcus Luttrell, United States Navy, for extraordinary heroism in actions against the enemy while serving in a four-man Special Reconnaissance element with SEAL Delivery Vehicle Team ONE, Naval Special Warfare Task unit, Afghanistan from 27 to 28 June 2005, in the vicinity of Asadabad, Konar Province, Afghanistan. Operating in the middle of an enemy-controlled area, in extremely rugged terrain, his Special Reconnaissance element was tasked with locating a high-level Anti-Coalition Militia leader, in support of a follow-on direct action mission to disrupt enemy activity. On 28 June 2005, the element was spotted by Anti-Coalition Militia sympathizers, who immediately revealed their position to the militia fighters. As a result, the element directly encountered the enemy. Demonstrating exceptional resolve and fully understanding the gravity of the situation and his responsibility to his teammates, the unidentified SEAL fought valiantly against the numerically superior and positionally advantaged enemy force. By his undaunted courage in the face of heavy enemy fire, and absolute devotion to his teammates, Petty Officer Luttrell will long be remembered for the role he played in the Global War on Terrorism. Petty Officer Luttrell's courageous and selfless heroism reflected great credit upon him and were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.
Luttrell returned to the U.S. in 2007 and co-authored the New York Times bestseller Lone Survivor: The Eyewitness Account of Operation Redwing and the Lost Heroes of SEAL Team 10. A film version, starring Mark Wahlberg, was released on December 25, 2013.
In 2007, Luttrell was medically discharged from the Navy. In 2009, he was granted a medical retirement through the Board for the Correction of Naval Records.
Lone Survivor FoundationEdit
In 2010, Luttrell established the Lone Survivor Foundation. The mission of the foundation, headquartered in Houston, Texas, is to "restore, empower, and renew hope for our wounded warriors and their families through health, wellness, and therapeutic support." The vision is to "provide exceptional therapeutic, outdoor, and unique opportunities that optimize recovery and healing of affected American wounded service members and their families."
Luttrell and The Lone Survivor Foundation partnered with The Boot Campaign to help show tangible appreciation of America’s active-duty military, raise awareness of the challenges they face upon return, and support the transition home.
Luttrell married Melanie Juneau on November 27, 2010, in Texas. Their son Axe, named after fallen SEAL comrade Matthew Axelson, was born on May 8, 2011. On January 14, 2012, at an event for St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, Luttrell announced that he and his wife were expecting their second child. Their daughter, Addie, was born on August 26, 2012.
Luttrell endorsed the 2016 presidential campaign of former Texas governor Rick Perry and was present, alongside his twin brother Morgan, at Perry's formal announcement on June 4, 2015. Luttrell spoke at the 2016 Republican National Convention in support of Donald Trump.
Operation Red Wings controversyEdit
There exists some conflict over the exact numbers of Taliban forces involved in the engagement, among other mistakes by some sources. In Luttrell's own official after-action report filed with his superiors after his rescue, he estimated the size of the Taliban force to be around 20–35. Luttrell claims in his book that during the briefing his team was told around 80 to 200 fighters were expected to be in the area. Initial intel estimates estimated approximately 10 to 20. Official media reports from the military estimated the size of the Taliban force to be around 20 as well, while in the Medal of Honor citation for LT Michael P. Murphy, the Navy cited 30–40 enemies. In the Summary of Action related to the same MOH, the Navy cites an "enemy force of more than 50 anti-coalition militia". In his book, Victory Point: Operations Red Wings and Whalers – the Marine Corps' Battle for Freedom in Afghanistan, military journalist Ed Darack cites a military intelligence report stating the strength of the Taliban force to be 8–10, compared to the 80-200 claimed by Luttrell in Lone Survivor. The military intelligence estimate cited by Darack is based on research sourced from intelligence reports, including aerial and eye-witness studies of the battlefield after the fact, including the men sent in to rescue Luttrell, as well as reports from Afghan intelligence.
The claim in Luttrell's memoir Lone Survivor, written with Patrick Robinson, that Lieutenant Murphy even considered and then put to vote the possible execution of the unarmed civilians who stumbled upon the SEAL reconnaissance and surveillance team has been roundly criticized and dismissed by many as fiction. In an article by Sean Naylor, Army Times senior correspondent, Navy Special Warfare Command spokesman Lieutenant Steve Ruh stated that with respect to making command decisions in the field, "Whether they're officer or enlisted, the senior guy ultimately has the ultimate authority." And with regard to voting whether or not to execute unarmed civilians, he admitted, "This is the first time I've ever heard of anything put to a vote like that. In my 14 years of Navy experience, I've never seen or heard of anything like that."
Further contradicting Luttrell's claims, in the June 12, 2007, article "Survivor's book dishonors son's memory" by Michael Rothfeld in Newsday, Michael P. Murphy's father Dan claims that Lieutenant Murphy would never have considered executing unarmed civilians, let alone putting such a grave decision up for a vote (in reference to the purported vote of execution of unarmed locals). Military protocol, United States and international military doctrine, and rules of engagement strictly forbid harming unarmed non-combatant civilians, with one of the specific rules of engagement in effect at the time stating, "Civilians are not targets!"
Muhammad Gulab also disputes Marcus' version of the story. Marcus claims he fired off nearly all of his bullets, but Muhammad said he was found with all 11 magazines of ammunition.  Gulab also said the Taliban heard the helicopter drop off the SEAL team, then tracked their unique footprints. When the Taliban found them, they were debating about what do with the herdsmen, so they held back. After they released them, the Taliban decided to attack. Muhammad claims the locals heard the firefight, searched the hills afterward, and found zero Taliban corpses. Andrew MacMannis, a former Marine Colonel who helped plan the mission and was on location for the recovery operation, says there were no reports of any enemy casualties. Ed Darack, the author of the 2009 book Victory Point, estimates only 8-10 Taliban fighters, not 80-200. Two videos the Taliban shot during the firefight only show 7 men in Ahmad Shah's militia.  Muhammad claims he was never given the chance to tell his side of the story, and his interpreter before a 60 Minutes interview told him “Whatever Marcus says in the interview, say yes." 
In popular cultureEdit
- In the film Lone Survivor (2013), Luttrell was portrayed by actor Mark Wahlberg. Luttrell makes a significant cameo appearance (uncredited) in at least three scenes in the film and is present in other scenes, as well. He first appears as one of the SEALs, referred to as "Frankie" by Lt. Murphy (Taylor Kitsch), lightheartedly hazing rookie SEAL Shane Patton (Alexander Ludwig) before the mission, jokingly giving Shane his first mission or "op" of cleaning the table, supplemented by knocking over a drink. His second appearance is during the presentation of the rules of engagement for Operation Red Wings where he can be seen shaking his head at the rules governing return fire. This scene is significant. In his book, Lone Survivor, Marcus explains extensively how these rules created substantial risk for the forces in Afghanistan. His third appearance is later in the film as one of the 16 special operators aboard the doomed Chinook helicopter sent to rescue Luttrell and his team. The camera stops on him and several real-life SEALs just before the Taliban's rocket-propelled grenade comes through the open rear bay door and impacts the Chinook's interior, killing everyone aboard. "I was on the other side of the mountain when those guys came to help me," Luttrell says of his real-life experience, "so getting to die on the helicopter in the movie was a very powerful moment for me."
- Luttrell had a brief role in the veteran funded movie Range 15.
- In his book American Sniper: The Autobiography of the Most Lethal Sniper in U.S. Military History (2012), Chris Kyle says he and fellow Navy SEAL Luttrell were friends, and Kyle encourages his readers to also read Luttrell's book, Lone Survivor.
- Luttrell appears in a Season 9 episode of the A&E series Duck Dynasty, visiting West Monroe, Louisiana to honor two wounded Marines for their service.
- Luttrell appears in Season 9 episode 3 of the Discovery series Overhaulin', having a '67 Ford Mustang built to honor his service.
- Luttrell appeared in a speech at the Republican National Convention on July 18, 2016. Luttrell offered his endorsement for presidential candidate Donald Trump.
- Marcus Luttrell; Patrick Robinson (12 June 2007). Lone survivor: the eyewitness account of Operation Redwing and the lost heroes of SEAL Team 10. Hachette Digital, Inc. pp. 27–. ISBN 978-0-316-06759-1. Retrieved 18 November 2011.
- Luttrell, Marcus; Patrick Robinson (March 2006). Lone Survivor: The Eyewitness Account of Operation Redwing and the Lost Heroes of SEAL Team 10. Back Bay Books. ISBN 0-316-06759-8.
- "Bio". Marcus Luttrell.
- Couch, Dick (2003). The Warrior Elite: The Forging of SEAL Class 228. ISBN 978-1400046959.
- SEAL of Honor: Operation Red Wings and the Life of Lt. Michael P. Murphy, USN by Gary Williams (pg. 135)
- "Lone Survivor: The Eyewitness Account of Operation Redwing and the Lost Heroes of SEAL Team 10 [Audio Download]". amazon.co.uk. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
- Matt Dupee (April 17, 2008). "Bara bin Malek Front commander killed in Pakistani shootout". long war journal. Retrieved 2008-12-10.
- Engel, Mac (9 January 2014). "Uncomfortable questions with SEAL Marcus Luttrell". The Big Mac Blog. Dallas, Texas: Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
Medical papers went through in ’09. Came off the line in ’07.
- "The New York Times Bestseller List, July 1, 2007" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved 11 April 2010.
- Luttrell, Marcus. "Service". Little Brown & Company. Archived from the original on 2011-08-23. Retrieved 2012-03-06.
- Luttrell, Marcus; Hornfischer, James D. (2012). Service: A Navy SEAL at War. ISBN 978-0-316-18536-3. Retrieved 2012-03-10
- "Lone Survivor Foundation". Lone Survivor Foundation. Retrieved 2012-11-07.
- "Help the Boot Girls support American soldiers by purchasing combat boots!". Boot Campaign. Retrieved 2012-02-13.
- "The Boot Campaign Mission: Support returning US Soldiers through proceeds raised from Boot sales". Boot Campaign. Archived from the original on 2012-02-23. Retrieved 2012-02-13.
- Slavin, Erik (7 June 2010). "'He epitomizes what a SEAL is'". Stars and Stripes. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
- Alexander, Bryan (30 December 2013). "Marcus Luttrell: Dealing with 'Lone Survivor' wounds". USA Today. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
as Marcus wanted his twin brother Morgan, also a SEAL, to return from duty in Iraq to attend the wedding.
- Christine Mai-Duc. "Coming up: Marcus Luttrell, former Navy SEAL who previously endorsed Rick Perry for president". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
- "Rick Perry 'Surrounded by Heroes' at 2016 Announcement - ABC Video". abcnews.com. Retrieved 18 November 2016.
- "Ex-SEAL Marcus Luttrell's entire GOP convention speech - CNN Video". cnn.com. Retrieved 19 July 2016.
Speaking at the Republican National Convention, retired U.S. Navy SEAL Marcus Luttrell made a plea for better treatment of U.S. veterans and explained why he is supporting Donald Trump for president.
- Darack, Ed (December 14, 2010), "Operation Red Wings: What Really Happened?", Marine Corps Gazette (January 2011), Marinecorpsgazette-digital.com: 62–65, retrieved 2011-06-13
- Official Citation, Navy.mil, June 28, 2005, archived from the original on January 13, 2009, retrieved 2011-06-13
- Summary of Action, Navy.mil, June 28, 2005, archived from the original on January 14, 2014, retrieved 2011-06-13
- C, Eric, On Violence: He Got the Title Wrong? And 6 More Mistakes from Luttrell's "Lone Survivor.", OnViolence.com, retrieved 2012-02-06
- Ricks, Tom, "'Lone Survivor' smackdown", The Best Defense, Ricks.foreignpolicy.com, retrieved 2011-06-13
- Naylor, Sean D. (June 18, 2007). "Surviving SEAL tells story of deadly mission". Army Times. Retrieved 2008-07-21.
- Scan of the CJTF-76 (Combined Joint Task Force 76) ROE (Rules of Engagement) Card, With Majority of Rules Blanked Out, And Relevant Rule on Civilians Left for Viewing, Darack.com, retrieved 2012-02-06
- Rothfeld, Michael (June 12, 2007). "Survivor's book dishonors son's memory". Newsday. Retrieved 2008-07-21. NOTE: Original not available, but cached at the site "Shadowspear".
- Darack, Ed (May 2010). "Operation Red Wings Misinformation". darack.com. Retrieved 2012-02-07.
- "MARCUS LUTTRELL'S SAVIOR, MOHAMMAD GULAB, CLAIMS 'LONE SURVIVOR' GOT IT WRONG". Newsweek. 11 May 2016. Retrieved 3 Dec 2017.
- "How Accurate Is Lone Survivor?". Slate. 10 Jan 2014. Retrieved 8 Dec 2017.
- "Lone Survivor". IMDB. 2013.
- "Lone Survivor True Story vs Movie – Real Marcus Luttrell, Mike Murphy". Historyvshollywood.com. Retrieved 2014-04-14.